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 Refuting Liu Shao-chi's Slavish Comprador Philosophy and His Doctrine Of Trailing

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Resolutely Taking the Road of Maintaining Independence and Keeping the Initiative in Our Own Hands and Relying on Our Own Efforts

—Refuting Liu Shao-chi's Slavish Comprador Philosophy and His Doctrine Of Trailing Behind at a Snail's Pace

  In his report to the Ninth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Vice-Chairman Lin Piao pointed out: "We must continue to criticize thoroughly and discredit completely the stuff of the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi such as the slavish comprador philosophy and the doctrine of trailing behind at a snail's pace, and must firmly establish among the cadres and the masses of the people Chairman Mao's concept of 'maintaining independence and keeping the initiative in our own hands and relying on our own efforts’ so as to ensure that our cause will continue to advance in the direction indicated by Chairman Mao."
  The Chinese working class has actively responded to this great call of the congress. In the course of studying the congress documents, the workers, linking their study with the actual conditions in their places of work, discussed their own experience and incisively criticized the big renegade Liu Shao-chi's slavish comprador philosophy and his doctrine of trailing behind at a snail's pace. They have thus obtained a firmer grasp of Chairman Mao's great concept of "maintaining independence and keeping the initiative in our own hands and relying on our own efforts," and brought about new developments in industrial production.
  We publish below two critiques written by Workers. —-P.R. Ed.


Following Our Own Road of Industrial Development

by Chin Wei-tung

The Taching Revolutionary Committee

TO strangle us economically, the U.S. imperialists tightened their economic blockade on China and the Soviet revisionist renegade clique put pressure on us on the question of petroleum just when China's economy met with temporary difficulties in 1960. Their political aim was to subvert socialist China. These base acts only aroused the enormous wrath of the Chinese working class. We petroleum workers studied our great leader Chairman Mao's brilliant works over and over. Chairman Mao has taught us: "We the Chinese nation have the spirit to fight the enemy to the last drop of our blood, the determination to recover our lost territory by our own efforts, and the ability to stand on our own feet in the family of nations." This great teaching filled us with infinite wisdom and strength. Like a brilliant beacon, it lighted up our road of advance. Our own petroleum industry must be developed! It must make the grade! We resolved to take the road of self-reliance and smash the criminal plots of U.S. imperialism and Soviet revisionism by our concrete action.
  The big battle for petroleum at Taching unfolded under the guidance of Chairman Mao's great policy of "maintaining independence and keeping the initiative in our own hands and relying on our own efforts."
  To swiftly change the backward state of China's petroleum industry, we Taching workers who took part in this battle all gave the Party our pledge that we would win glory for the motherland and live up to Chairman Mao's expectations. We vowed to throw the words ''backward in oil" out of our vocabulary even if we had to shed our blood and lay down our lives! The big renegade Liu Shao-chi and his agents in the industrial and transport departments, however, frantically opposed and sabotaged the Taching battle for oil. They clamoured: "Industry must make an adequate retreat." "There's no oil in Taching." "It's all a mess."
  The devil with "making an adequate retreat"! Dreaming of reducing China to their colony again, the U.S. imperialists set up an economic blockade against us. They wanted us to "retreat." The Soviet revisionists brought pressure to bear upon us on oil, hoping to cause us to give up the principles of Marxism-Leninism and yield to them. They, too, wanted us to "retreat." Playing the exact tune as the U.S. imperialists and Soviet revisionists, Liu Shao-chi and Co. also hysterically told us to "retreat."
  Our only way out is to maintain independence and keep the initiative in our own hands and rely on our own efforts, and go all out, aim high and achieve greater, faster, better and more economical results in building socialism. The great victory of the Taching battle for oil testifies to this.
  Who said "there's no oil in Taching"? U.S. imperialism and Soviet revisionism raved that "China is poor in oil." This was only a futile trick to control China and plunder her economically. Tailing behind them Liu Shao-chi and Co. also shouted "There's no oil." This only served to reveal their true features as imperialist lackeys.
  Our great leader Chairman Mao has pointed out: "The Chinese people have high aspirations, they have ability, and they will certainly catch up with and surpass advanced world levels in the not too distant future." We Taching workers have high aspirations, we have ability, and we are determined to take the road of maintaining independence and keeping the initiative in our own hands and relying on our own efforts. Following Chairman Mao's teachings, we fought the battle to wrest oil as a political battle. We used Mao Tsetung Thought to direct our fighting. We diligently studied On Practice and On Contradiction and analysed and resolved contradictions from the viewpoint of class struggle. We devoted ourselves to the study of the "three constantly read articles" — Serve the People, In Memory of Norman Bethune and The Foolish Old Man Who Removed the Mountains—and worked heroically with a communist attitude of selflessness towards labour. We Taching workers dared to say: "We're going ahead with or without the necessary conditions! We can create them!" When there were no transport vehicles, we used our arms and shoulders. When we couldn't get water for drilling wells, we broke through the ice to get it, and carried it in our wash basins. In a place on which imperialism had pronounced the sentence of "No oil," we Chinese petroleum workers found the richest resources of oil and declared the total bankruptcy of the theory that "China is poor in oil."
  "It's all a mess" — what rubbish! The ranks of oil workers who joined the Taching battle for oil were gathered together all at once in a wilderness. Without experience, equipment, or technical data to go by, we found that things were somewhat in a "mess." But this sort of "mess" is exactly what the revolution called for. It aimed precisely at "breaking down foreign conventions and following our own road of industrial development." Opposition to a "mesa" by Liu Shao-chi and Co. meant that they wouldn't allow us to make revolution, and that they wanted us to follow in the footsteps of the imperialists and be their slaves. According to their doctrine of trailing behind at a snail's pace, before opening the oilfield, living quarters had to be built first, then the factory buildings and finally extracting the oil. All together, this would have taken at least a dozen years. If this is what they meant by opposing a "mess," it amounted to our depending on foreign oil for ever.
 Following Chairman Mao's teaching "Ample food and clothing by working with our own hands/' we built tens of thousands of houses of tamped earth, overcame the effects of severe cold and opened up wasteland. We studied and applied Mao Tsetung Thought in a living way and adopted the policy of prospecting, extracting oil, and engaging in production and construction all at the same time. We combined revolutionary spirit with a scientific approach and opened and built the Taching oilfield at high speed and with high standards. In only a few months' time, we were able to send petroleum to all parts of the country, giving powerful aid to the socialist construction of the motherland. After three years of hard struggle, we finally took this big oilfield in hand and basically achieved self-sufficiency in petroleum. All this proves that a revolutionary "mess" is wonderful.
  The victory of the battle for oil at Taching is a victory for Chairman Mao's great policy of "maintaining independence and keeping the initiative in our own hands and relying on our own efforts." It not only dealt a telling blow at U.S. imperialism, Soviet revisionism and the reactionaries of all countries, but also mercilessly refuted the big renegade Liu Shao-chi's slavish comprador philosophy and his doctrine of trailing behind at a snail's pace.



Bankruptcy of the Slavish Comprador Philosophy

by Hung Chuan-kung
The Shanghai Tungfanghung Shipyard

FOR more than a century before liberation the imperialists launched countless aggressive wars against China in order to turn her into their colony. To maintain their rule over the Chinese people for a long time, they had to have a collection of slaves who are the reactionary social basis for the imperialists in ruling and oppressing the Chinese people. In modern Chinese history, representatives of the imperialist slaves wend Li Hung-chang in the past and later on Chiang Kai-shek and Liu Shao-chi.
  Such imperialist slaves always have their own slavish comprador philosophy. The " 'Westernization' Movement" of the big comprador Li Hung-chang is in essence the "comprador movement" which sold out China's territory and sovereignty to the imperialists. The big traitor Chiang Kai-shek went even further. He relied on foreign countries for everything, which actually meant selling everything to them. To restore capitalism in China and turn China into a colony of the U.S. imperialists and the Soviet revisionist social-imperialists, the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi had for a long time pushed a revisionist line in industry which was characterized by worshipping everything foreign and betraying his own country. He babbled that "our technique is poor," and wanted the Chinese working class to "learn from the capitalist countries." Wasn't this asking the Chinese working people to be slaves of the foreign bourgeoisie for generations? Wasn't this turning the wheel of history back to the old semi-colonial and semi-feudal road and selling out the socialist motherland, which had been won with the blood and lives of the Chinese people, to the U.S. imperialists and the Soviet revisionist renegade clique? Is there the slightest difference between Liu Shao-chi and Li Hung-chang and Chiang Kai-shek?
  Liu Shao-chi did all he could in the ship-building industry to spread the slavish comprador philosophy that "it is better to repair a ship than to lease a ship, lease a ship than buy a ship, buy a ship than build a ship."' Kneeling shamelessly before foreign capitalists, he ordered the buying of worn-out ships from capitalist countries and considered them as something of value. These ships were used after being repaired. This was the height of ignominy!
  Our great leader Chairman Mao teaches us: "The Chinese people have high aspirations, they have ability, and they will certainly catch up with and surpass advanced world levels in the not too distant future.” Whether it is necessary for us to build ships, and to build big ships, involves the big question of whether China can develop her own ship-building industry by relying on her own efforts. In the past, the big renegade Liu Shao-chi and the handful of capitalist roaders in our shipyard used foreign dogmas to throttle the workers' enthusiasm and creativeness. We, the working class, now have power in our hands. We have Chairman Mao to back us. Our aim is to build big ships, and to build good ones. The revolutionary workers at the Hungchi Shipyard have already set us an example. They broke down foreign conventions, displayed their dauntless spirit of daring to think and break through, and built a big oil tanker, the Taching No. 27, with Chinese-made rolled steel in a short period of time. This is a resounding slap in the face for Liu Shao-chi who advocated the slavish comprador philosophy that "it is better to buy a ship than build a ship."
  After criticizing the slavish comprador philosophy, the revolutionary workers in our shipyard proudly raised the slogan: "We want to build 10,000-ton class ships!' That a medium-sized shipyard wants to build 10,000-ton class ships leaves the bourgeois philistines speechless.
  Some people said: "It's all right to build 10,000-ton class ships. But not now. Better wait."
  We workers said: "No. Making revolution means 'seizing the day, seizing the hour.' You can't achieve anything by just waiting."
  Others said: "Conditions in our shipyard are poor. The capacity of our equipment and capital construction is not up to it yet."
  We said: "Conditions are created by man. If we wait for the conditions to ripen and then make 10,000-ton class ships, this is no revolution. If this is to be the case, then what's the use of the two hands of the working class? We can perform any kind of wonder with Mao Tsetung Thought."
  Through revolutionary mass criticism and debates, we broke down the big renegade Liu Shao-chi's slavish comprador philosophy and upheld Chairman Mao's great thinking of "maintaining independence and keeping the initiative in our own hands and relying on our own efforts." This has resulted in the development of production in our shipyard by leaps and bounds. The work of building 10,000-ton class ships is now going on smoothly. This is a powerful rebuff to Liu Shao-chi who peddled the slavish comprador philosophy.
  

Source: Peking Review, No. 24, June 13, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org
  
  
  

 
 
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