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 Chinese Government Lodges Strong Protests With Soviet Government

图片:
图片:
Soviet Frontier Troops Make Repeated Encroachments On China's Chenpao Island Area



Chinese Government Lodges Strong Protests With Soviet Government

Source: Peking Review, No. 12, March 21, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


Chinese Foreign Ministry's March 13 Strong Protest Note

     The Chinese Government firmly demands an immediate stop to all activities of intrusion and provocation and sternly warns the Soviet Government: It is absolutely impermissible for anyone to encroach upon China's territory; if you should cling to your reckless course, the Soviet Government must be held fully responsible for all the grave consequences arising therefrom.


ON March 13, the Foreign Ministry of the People's Republic of China sent a note to the Soviet Embassy in China strongly protesting against Soviet frontier troops' repeated grave encroachments on Chinese territory and their series of military provocations after provoking the border armed conflict on March 2. The note reads in full as follows:

Embassy of the U.S.S.R. in China:
   Between 11:50 and 15:19 hours on March 4, eight armoured vehicles, three trucks fully loaded with armed personnel and two command cars of the Soviet frontier troops intruded into China's territory Chenpao Island. Between 12:17 and 12:20 hours on the same day, a Soviet helicopter intruded into the air space over Chenpao Island and landed on Chinese territory to the east of the island.
   Between 11:40 and 14:55 hours on March 5, six armoured vehicles, two trucks fully loaded with armed personnel and a command car of the Soviet frontier troops intruded into China's territory Chenpao Island.
   Between 09:55 and 10:02 hours on March 7, six armoured vehicles of the Soviet frontier troops intruded into China's territory Chenpao Island, three of which even penetrated deep into the Chinese waterway to the west of Chenpao Island before landing on the island. At 09:04. 09:25 and 11:27 hours on the same day, Soviet helicopters intruded in three sorties into the air space over China's territory Chenpao Island.
   Between 05:27 and 06:55 hours on March 10, an armoured vehicle and three armed personnel of the Soviet frontier troops intruded into China's territory Chenpao Island.
  Between 15:14 and 18:45 hours on March 11, an armoured vehicle and 14 armed personnel of the Soviet frontier troops intruded into China's territory Chenpao Island.
   Between 14:40 and 14:57 hours on March 12, three armoured vehicles of the Soviet frontier troops intruded into China's territory Chenpao Island and the Chinese waterway to the west of the island.
   The above facts show that after provoking the border armed conflict on March 2, Soviet frontier troops have again made repeated grave encroachments upon China's territory and carried out a series of military provocations in an attempt to provoke fresh armed conflicts. Against this, the Chinese Government hereby lodges a strong protest with the Soviet Government, firmly demands that you immediately stop all activities of intrusion and provocation and sternly warns you: It is absolutely impermissible for anyone to encroach upon China's territory; if you should cling to your reckless course, the Soviet Government must be held fully responsible for all the grave consequences arising therefrom.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China
Peking. March 13, 1969
    

    
Chinese Foreign Ministry's March 15 Urgent And Strong Protest Note
    
    
     The Soviet Government, after creating a grave incident of bloodshed on March 2, ignores repeated warnings by the Chinese Government and incessantly sends its troops to intrude into China's territory Chenpao Island to carry out armed provocations, ft has again created single-handedly a fresh incident of bloodshed. The Soviet Government must assume full responsibility for all the grave consequences arising therefrom. It must immediately stop its armed provocations against China. The Chinese Government reserves the right to raise further demands.
    
   The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic nf China sent a note to the Soviet Embassy in China on March 15 urgently and strongly protesting against the fresh incident of bloodshed created by the Soviet Government which, beginning from the early morning of March 15, sent large numbers of armoured vehicles, tanks and armed troops to intrude once again into China's territory Chenpao Island and the Chinese waterway to the west of the island. The note reads in full as follows:

Embassy of the U.S.S.R. in China:

   Beginning from the early morning of March 15, the Soviet Government sent large numbers of armoured vehicles, tanks and armed troops to intrude once again into China's territory Chenpao Island and the Chinese waterway to the west of the island. The intruding troops were the first to open fire on Chinese frontier guards patrolling the island. The Chinese frontier guards were compelled to fight back in self-defence. The Soviet side has kept on sending out more armoured vehicles, tanks and armed troops and has opened artillery fire on areas deep within Chinese territory. The incident is expanding.
   After provoking the March 2 grave incident of bloodshed, the Soviet Government, in disregard of the repeated warnings of the Chinese Government, has incessantly sent troops to intrude into China's territory Chenpao Island and carry out armed provocations, and now it has again created single-handedly a fresh incident of bloodshed. The Soviet Government must be held fully responsible for all the grave consequences arising therefrom.
   The Chinese Government hereby lodges an urgent and strong protest with the Soviet Government. The Soviet Government must immediately stop its armed provocations against China. The Chinese Government reserves the right to raise further demands.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China
Peking. March 15, 1969



Soviet Revisionists Create Fresh Incident of Bloodshed by Once Again Intruding Into China's Chenpao Island Area

STARTING from about 04:00 hours on the morning of March 15, the Soviet revisionist renegade clique successively sent dozens of tanks and armoured vehicles and large numbers of armed troops to cross the main channel of the ice-bound Ussuri River and intrude into the Chenpao Island area, which is Chinese territory. The intruders reached the middle part and southern end of Chenpao Island and the Chinese waterway to the west of the island, and carried out wanton provocations against the Chinese frontier guards who were on patrol duty on the island.
   The Chinese frontier guards seriously warned the intruding Soviet revisionist armed troops and ordered them to withdraw from the Chinese territory at once. But the Soviet revisionist armed troops ignored the serious warnings of the Chinese frontier guards. They were the first to outrageously open up with gun and cannon fire on the Chinese frontier guards at about 08:00 hours. The Chinese frontier guards rose in self-defence and dealt head-on blows to the intruders who were carrying out provocations.
   Suffering heavy blows, the Soviet revisionist armed troops, starting from 13:00 hours, went so far as to use heavy artillery from the deep rear areas of the Soviet side on the eastern bank of the Ussuri River to frenziedly shell China's Chenpao Island and the bank of the Ussuri River on the Chinese side. The shelling reached as far as seven kilometres inside the Chinese territory. At the same time, under the cover of tanks and armoured vehicles, the Soviet revisionist armed troops made repeated assaults on the Chinese frontier guards patrolling the island. The Chinese frontier guards resolutely fought back. By about 19:00 hours they had driven off all the intruders and triumphantly safeguarded the sacred territory of our great socialist motherland.
   Chenpao Island is Chinese territory. The grave incident of bloodshed on March 15 was created entirely and single-handedly by the Soviet revisionist renegade clique. At 16:30 hours on March 15, the Chinese Foreign Ministry arranged for an urgent meeting with the Charge d'Affaires ad interim of the Soviet Embassy in China to lodge an urgent, strong protest. However, he rejected the meeting without any justification. Several hours later, the Soviet Government hurriedly issued a so-called "statement of protest." On the one hand, it hypocritically stated that "it takes all steps to avoid them (clashes)." But, on the other hand, it clung to its assertion that Chenpao Island "is inalienable part of Soviet territory." The Soviet revisionist renegade clique failed to provide any ground to prove that Chenpao Island is its territory. It dare not refer to the explicit stipulation in the "Sino-Russian Treaty of Peking." 1860, that this section of the Sino-Russian boundary line runs along the Ussuri River. And, according to established principles of international law, in the case of navigable boundary rivers, the central line of the main channel should form the boundary line which determines the ownership of islands. Chenpao Island is situated on the Chinese side of the central line of the main channel of the Ussuri River. It has always been under China's jurisdiction and is indisputable Chinese territory. The Soviet revisionist renegade clique refused to listen to reason and arbitrarily called Chinese territory its territory. Moreover, it pretended that it wanted peace, that is, peace in words but aggression in deeds, the gangster logic of Soviet revisionist social-imperialism. This is another big exposure of the rapacious features of the Soviet revisionist renegade clique in persistently ganging up with U.S. imperialism, frantically opposing China and stubbornly setting itself against the Chinese people.
   Our great leader Chairman Mao long ago warned those reactionaries who had lost their senses: "We hope that those who are playing with fire will not gel too dizzy. We now serve them with this formal warning: Better be careful. This fire is not a plaything. Look out for your own skins!" The Chinese people will seriously deal with the vicious, truculent anti-China activities of the Soviet revisionist renegade clique. The Soviet revisionist renegade clique has bullied all its neighbouring countries. It has flagrantly sent troops to occupy Czechoslovakia and now it is stretching its sinister claws of aggression to socialist China. It is collaborating with U.S. imperialism, stepping up armaments expansion and war preparations and suppressing the revolutionary movements of the people of various countries in a vain effort to redivide the world between themselves. All the people in the world who oppose aggression, unite and strike down U.S. imperialism. Soviet revisionism and the new tsars!
  




Note of the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union


Strong Protest Against Soviet Revisionists for Directing Ruffians to Attack and Loot Chinese Diplomatic Car
    
     The Chinese Embassy demands that the Soviet authorities severely punish the culprits, return the seized documents, compensate for all losses suffered by the Chinese Embassy, immediately stop their unbridled anti-China criminal activities and guarantee against the recurrence of similar incidents. In rabidly opposing China, the Soviet authorities are lifting a rock only to drop it on their own feet. All their anti-China schemes are doomed to utter bankruptcy.
    
ON March 11, the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union delivered a note to the Soviet Foreign Ministry strongly protesting against the provocative anti-China incident of March 10 when the Soviet revisionist renegade clique directed ruffians to violate a diplomatic car of the Chinese Embassy and brazenly take away letters and materials by force. The note reads in full as follows:

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the U.S.S.R.:

   At 15:00 hours on March 10. 1969, when a driver of the Chinese Embassy who was on a mission drove his car to building No. 93, Lenin Street a group of Soviet ruffians wrested open the door of the embassy car, broke into it and forcibly took away 20 packs of letters and materials which the Embassy addressed to foreign correspondents in Moscow. This piratical incident of flagrant robbery is another new grave anti-China provocation which is wholly the making of the Soviet authorities.
   Meanwhile, the Soviet authorities have since March 7 organized despicable anti-China demonstrations before the Chinese Embassy, in which they flagrantly directed ruffians to inflict serious damage on the embassy premises and garage, smash several hundred panes of door and window glass and the glass of all the Embassy's news picture display cases and smear large stretches of the walls of the embassy premises, causing heavy losses to the Embassy. It should be pointed out that Soviet ruffians are still carrying on these savage destructive activities.
   After carrying out armed provocations on Chinese territory Chenpao Island, the Soviet authorities have become insensate in whipping up anti-China hysteria throughout the country.   Grossly trampling upon the principles of international law, the Soviet authorities have gone so far as to direct ruffians to violate a diplomatic car of the Chinese Embassy, brazenly take away by force letters and materials and raid and damage the diplomatic mission of the People's Republic of China. The Chinese Embassy hereby lodges a strong protest with the Soviet authorities against these barefaced fascist outrages and demands that they severely punish the culprits, return the seized documents, compensate for all the losses suffered by the Chinese Embassy, immediately stop their unbridled anti-China criminal activities and guarantee against the recurrence of similar incidents.
   The Soviet authorities must be held fully responsible for their above-mentioned fresh crime against China. In rabidly opposing China, the Soviet authorities are lifting a rock only to drop it on their own feet. All their anti-China schemes are doomed to utter bankruptcy.
Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the Soviet Union
Moscow, March 11, 1969






Note of the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union


Strong Protest Against Soviet Revisionists for Directing Ruffians to Beat Up Chinese
Embassy Personnel
   
   
     The Chinese Embassy demands that the Soviet authorities punish the culprits and put an immediate end to these grave criminal activities. The Soviet authorities will never succeed in their attempt to save themselves from their ill fate by engineering anti-China fascist outrages; this will only hasten their complete defeat.
    
ON March 12, the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union delivered a note to the Soviet Foreign Ministry strongly protesting against the March 12 incident of grave provocation in which the Soviet revisionist renegade clique directed ruffians to insult and beat up the Chinese Embassy's working personnel who were out on an official mission. The note reads in full as follows:

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the U.S.S.R.:

   With a view to supporting the rabid anti-China hysteria they have whipped up at home, the Soviet authorities are resorting to every possible means in repeatedly directing ruffians to use fascist violence against personnel of the Chinese Embassy going out on official missions. Ignoring the Chinese Embassy's strong protest against Soviet ruffians attacking and ransacking a diplomatic car of the Embassy on March 10, the Soviet authorities have further organized ruffians to brazenly insult and beat up the Embassy's working personnel.
   On March 12, when working personnel of the Chinese Embassy went to the residence of foreign correspondents at No.7, Kutuzov Street on an official mission, a group of Soviet ruffians waiting there in advance all of a sudden peremptorily and unwarrantedly interfered in the embassy working personnel's official functions under the direction of special agents, beating them up with fists and using violence to push them down from the fifth floor. These ruffians, some carrying iron clubs in hand and others striking with their fists and feet, intimidated and abused the embassy personnel in every possible way, thus seriously endangering the personal safety of the embassy working personnel and hampering and disrupting the normal functioning of the Chinese Embassy. It must be pointed out that these ruffians declared outright that they were acting on behalf of the Soviet Government and that the Soviet policemen on the spot, far from stopping the outrage of the Soviet ruffians, took a direct part in this anti-China provocation. The Chinese Embassy hereby lodges a strong protest with the Soviet authorities against these increasingly unbridled fascist outrages and demands that they punish the culprits and put an immediate end to these grave criminal activities. The Soviet authorities will never succeed in their attempt to save themselves from their ill fate by engineering anti-China fascist outrages, but this will only accelerate their complete doom.

Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the Soviet Union
Moscow, March 12, 1969
  
  
  

 
 
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