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 Nation's Armymen and Civilians Celebrate Revolutionized Spring Festival


Source: Peking Review, No. 9, February 28, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

   Amid the high tide of the great struggle-criticism-transformation, China's armymen and civilians, filled with revolutionary vigour, celebrated a revolutionized Spring Festival. During the festival, they enthusiastically propagated Mao Tse-tung's thought, heartily sang the praise of our great leader Chairman Mao, contrasted the bitterness of the old society with the happiness of the new society and relentlessly repudiated the renegade, traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi. Holding high the great red banner of Mao Tse-tung's thought and making energetic efforts to grasp revolution and promote production, they have made new contributions during the festival. The following reports will help our readers clearly see this revolutionary scene. — "P.R." Ed.
P.L.A. Men Enthusiastically Propagate Mao Tse-tung's Thought

    DURING the Spring Festival, commanders and fighters of the People's Liberation Army warmly propagated Mao Tse-tung's thought and further aroused the revolutionary masses' profound proletarian feeling of boundless loyalty to our great leader Chairman Mao. Braving 30°C. below zero, the commanders and fighters of a P.L.A. cavalry unit stationed in the Kannan grasslands of Kansu Province mounted their horses, crossed the Yellow River and climbed over snowy mountains more than 3,900 metres above sea level to spread Mao Tse-tung's thought among the revolutionary masses of the Tibetan nationality and give performances in praise of Chairman Mao. With tears in their eyes, the Tibetan revolutionary masses said: "Chairman Mao is dearest to us and chingdrolmagmi (meaning the Liberation Army) is kindest. You have brought Mao Tse-tung's thought to the grasslands, and it lights up the snow-capped mountains and grasslands!" When propagating Mao Tse-tung's thought among the poor herdsmen in their yurts, the P.L.A. men's Mao Tse-tung's thought propaganda team of a frontier outpost in Inner Mongolia presented the herdsmen with portraits of our great leader Chairman Mao which they themselves had meticulously embroidered. With deep respect and admiration, the herdsmen hung these portraits up in the centre or their yurts and, together with the P.L.A. commanders and fighters, cheered: "Long live Chairman Mao! A long, long life to Chairman Mao'" On the eve of the Chinese lunar new year and during the festival, the 4th detachment of a P.L.A. , unit stationed on Taohua Island, an outpost in the East China Sea, sent eight propaganda teams to every corner of the island, presenting portraits of Chairman Mao to the poor and lower-middle peasants and fishermen. Deeply moved upon receiving the portraits, the poor and lower-middle peasants said: "In the old society, the Spring Festival was like a barrier for the poor people to get over. It is our great saviour Chairman Mao who lifted us from the abyss of misery. Today our dear Chairman Mao sends our kith-and-kin, the People's Liberation Army men, to bring us the invincible thought of Mao Tse-tung. Having won our emancipation, we will never forget Chairman Mao. Living a happy life, we will never forget the Communist Party." Improvising a song in praise of Chairman Mao, an old fisherman in his seventies sang: "The red sun rises in our fishing village. It lights up our hearts. We will always follow Chairman Mao in riding the waves. No force on earth can check our advance."

Revolutionary Workers and Staff Stay At Posts and Score New Successes

TEMPERED in the struggles of the great proletarian cultural revolution, the workers of the Anshan Iron and Steel Company stayed at their production posts day and night during the Spring Festival. They have creatively studied and applied Chairman Mao's works, mercilessly repudiated the towering crimes of the renegade, traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi and his agents in pushing the counter-revolutionary revisionist line. With a militant and daring spirit, they have made big efforts to smelt more and better iron for the revolution. On February 17, the very first day of the Spring Festival, they set outstanding records in production.
   In the revolutionary spirit of the "Constitution of the Anshan Iron and Steel Company," which was approved by Chairman Mao, the revolutionary workers and staff of the seamless tubing mill have carried out technical innovations and technical revolution in a big way and unfolded the movement to compare, learn from, overtake and help each other. As a result, they overfulfilled ahead of time the February production quota for precision steel tubes during the Spring Festival
   In the past year, stirring and seething struggles in revolution took place at the Shanghai Oil Refinery and all-time high records in production were set Through their own experience in struggle, the revolutionary workers and staff have gained a deep understanding that the revolutionary mass criticism and repudiation is a great impetus to production. On the first day of the Spring Festival, all the workshops vigorously repudiated the counter-revolutionary revisionist trash of the renegade, traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi, such as the philosophy of "going at a snail's pace," "material incentives" and "relying on specialists to run the factories." This stimulated the workers' enthusiasm in grasping revolution and promoting production. Closely co-ordinating their efforts, the militant workers and staff achieved the stable operation of all refining equipment for continuous production and scored outstanding successes in production. The coking workers overfulfilled their daily production quota for petroleum coke by more than 10 per cent. The machine maintenance workers invented a machine which raised production efficiency 30 times.

Revolutionary Mass Criticism at "Rent Collection Courtyard"

ON February 17, the revolutionary masses in villages around the former manor of the big landlord Liu Wen-tsai in Tayi County, Szechuan Province, turned this manor into an arena for revolutionary mass criticism and repudiation. This was how they spent the first day of a revolutionized Spring Festival.
   Wearing a shining badge of Chairman Mao on her chest, 68-year-old poor peasant Aunt Hsiao arrived early in the morning at the manor where she had once been savagely persecuted by the big landlord Liu Wen-tsai. Seeing this hell for the poor in the old days, she could not help recalling her bitter past. With tears in her eyes, she denounced the towering crimes of Liu Wen-tsai before the revolutionary masses. Before liberation, Aunt Hsiao was forced to work in the manor as a wet nurse and suffered untold sufferings because her family owed Liu Wen-tsai rents in grain. At that time, she had to hold back her tears and give her milk to fatten Liu Wen-tsai and one of his concubines, while her own baby died of hunger 17 days after birth. Her husband also died as a result of anger and grievance. And the inhuman Liu Wen-tsai flogged her black and blue and threw her into his dungeon. Suffering beyond endurance, she finally fled this hell on earth and went begging with her little daughter. With deep emotion, Aunt Hsiao said: "I begged everywhere. It was not until our great saviour Chairman Mao sent in our kith-and-kin, the People's Liberation Army, that I was saved from the depths of misery and returned to my native village. Dear Liberation Army men, you are my dearest kith-and-kin! Dear Chairman Mao, I will never forget your goodness and I will always be loyal to you!" The revolutionary masses were deeply moved by Aunt Hsiao's words. Shouts of "Long live the Liberation Army!" and "Long live Chairman Mao! A long, long life to Chairman Mao!" resounded.
   The old woman then told young people present: "Before liberation, I spent the first day of the Spring Festival begging in the streets. Today, the labouring people are leading a happy life under the leadership of Chairman Mao. We must never forget the miserable days of the past!"
   Just as Aunt Hsiao finished speaking, elderly poor peasant Fu Shao-chou stood up to denounce Liu Wen-tsai for his crimes of driving his family to ruin by extorting exorbitant rent and usurious interests. Fu Shao-chou said angrily: "The theory of 'the dying out of class struggle' advocated by Liu Shao-chi is nothing but humbug. How can the class enemies be reconciled to their defeat! They are still engaging in disruptive activities to this day. That hatchetman of Liu Wen-tsai's who persecuted me was shielded by this sinister theory of Liu Shao-chi's after liberation. It was not until the present campaign to purify the class ranks that he was ferreted out by the masses." Pointing to a yard to one side of the "Rent Collection Courtyard," another elderly poor peasant, Liu Teh-shan, said: "That was originally the site of my house. Liu Wentsai grabbed it to build his manor and my family was unable to eke out a living."

Taking Oath on a Mountain Where Martyrs Fought

THE 25 educated young people from Peking who have settled in the Tseli brigade of Kuanchuang commune in Tinghsiang County, Shansi Province, spent a revolutionized and militant Spring Festival together with the local poor and lower-middle peasants. These young people had earlier urged those like them not to return to the cities for the festival.
   To let the educated young people know that today': happiness did not come easily, the poor and lower-middle peasants of the Tseli brigade organized a special political camping activity for them together with the local militiamen in Hungchuan Mountain some 15 kilometres from the village on the eve of the festival There veteran Communist Party members, veteran cadres and militiamen showed the young people the sites where the local Party organization under the leadership of Chairman Mao had led guerrilla forces in fighting the enemy heroically during the War of Resistance Against Japan and the War of Liberation. They told the young people of the magnificent deeds of the revolutionary martyrs who had fought courageously and died rather than yielded.
   Standing where the fallen revolutionary heroes had once fought, the young people studied this teaching of Chairman Mao's: "Thousands upon thousands of martyrs have heroically laid down their lives for the people; let us hold their banner high and march ahead along the path crimson with their blood!" Then all together they took this oath: "We will carry forward the glorious tradition of our revolutionary forbears, inherit their revolutionary spirit, always remain loyal to Chairman Mao and closely follow Chairman Mao in making revolution!"
   By their concrete actions, they made big efforts to carry out their proposal. At a meeting called by the Party branch on the evening of the lunar new year's day to implement Chairman Mao's great call to "grasp revolution and promote production," they expressed their determination to earnestly and diligently study Mao Tse-tung's thought, receive re-education from the poor and lower-middle peasants and unswervingly take the road of integration with the workers and peasants. On the second day of the Spring Festival, they set out early in the morning and joined the poor and lower-middle peasants in making busy preparations for ploughing.
Source: Peking Review, No. 9, February 28, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

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