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 Transforming Towns in Socialist Direction

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Source: Peking Review, No. 8, February 21, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


    WITH the assistance of the People's Liberation Army men helping the Left, the Revolutionary Committee of Tienchuangtai Town in the Panchin Reclamation Area, Liaoning Province, and the local revolutionary masses, holding high the great red banner of Mao Tse-tung's thought and following our great leader Chairman Mao's "May 7" Directive1, have step by step transformed their consumer town into a revolutionized town with Mao Tse-tung's thought in command in the course of the great proletarian cultural revolution. This town now combines industry, agriculture, commerce, education and military affairs; its agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, side occupations and fisheries are being developed in an all-round way. It is gradually becoming self-sufficient in grain and non-staple food.
   Tienchuangtai is a small junction of land and river transport with a history of more than 1,000 years. Commerce and handicraft industry are fairly well developed in the town. It is a trading centre for manufactured goods and farm produce. The town has a population of more than 14,000. Out of a work force of nearly 6,000 people, more than 2,800 were individual labourers including handicraftsmen working in their own homes and small tradesmen and pedlars, and more than 500 were not taking part in productive labour. Before the great cultural revolution, all the grain, vegetables and meat needed by the inhabitants were supplied by the state.
   Such a consumer town ran counter to our great goal of building socialism and therefore required thorough transformation.
   In 1966, the revolutionary masses in Tienchuangtai made a conscientious study of Chairman Mao's "May 7" Directive. Warmly responding to Chairman Mao's great call, they decided to change the state of affairs in which they were consumers but not producers. On their own initiative, they immediately discussed ways and means for reclaiming wasteland to plant crops and resolutely took the road of engaging in both industry and agriculture.
   They began to reclaim wasteland and build irrigation ditches in the spring of 1967. They borrowed rice seeds to breed seedlings. After overcoming all sorts of difficulties, they transplanted the seedlings to more than 1,000 mu of paddyfields. That autumn they harvested more than 400,000 jin of rice. By their concrete actions, they refuted the fallacy spread by a handful of capitalist roaders that it is not the "business" and "orientation2 for town dwellers to go into farming.
   The revolutionary masses showed still greater enthusiasm in reclaiming land in 1968. They extended their irrigated land to 1,700 mu and reaped 800.000 jin of rice.
   From their own practice in the past two years and more, the revolutionary masses have come to a deep realization that the orientation for transforming and developing the town lies in acting in accordance with Chairman Mao's "May 7" Directive and taking the road of engaging in both industry and agriculture.
   During the high tide of the great struggle-critic ism-transformation, the town revolutionary committee and the revolutionary masses have followed Chairman Mao's teaching that "there is no construction without destruction. Destruction means criticism and repudiation; it means revolution." Holding high the great banner of revolutionary criticism and repudiation, they mercilessly repudiated the counter-revolutionary revisionist line of the arch renegade Liu Shao-chi. More than 200 Mao Tse-tung's thought study classes of various types were organized and more than 2,200 repudiation meetings w3ere held by the town's establishments and neighbourhood revolutionary committees.
   Through revolutionary mass criticism and repudiation, the revolutionary enthusiasm of the revolutionary masses soared to a new high. Their confidence and determination in thoroughly transforming Tienchuangtai Town in accordance with Chairman Mao's "May 7" Directive grew. They relied on the working class, united with the other labouring people, applied the experience of the People's Liberation Army in building the army politically, gave prominence to proletarian politics and resolved to turn the town into a great school of Mao Tse-tung's thought which engages in both industry and agriculture.
   In the autumn and winter of 1968, the town started an upsurge in rural water conservancy construction. A mighty army of more than 1,000 people set out every day. Holding aloft red flags and carrying Chairman Mao's works, they braved cold wind? and walked through ice and snow to reclaim more than 3,400 mu of wasteland and build canals and ditches with a total of over 17 kilometres. They plan to reclaim an additional 900 mu of land this spring so as to expand the cultivated area to a total of 6,000 mu. They will reap enough grain to meet half of the town's needs and grow vegetables on 530 mu so as to basically meet the local demand. They also plan to raise 1,000 pigs.
   They plan to extend the farmland to 10,000 mu by 1971 so that six million jin of grain can be reaped. The cultivation of vegetables and the breeding of pigs, poultry and fish will also develop accordingly. Their aim is to become self-sufficient in grain and non-staples.
   Through revolutionary mass criticism and repudiation, the workers and staff in the state- and collectively-owned enterprises and undertakings relentlessly destroyed such capitalist ideas of management as "putting profit in command" and "material incentives." They changed irrational rules and regulations and have vigorously fostered the idea and working style of serving proletarian politics, serving the development of socialist production and serving the workers, peasants and soldiers.
   Through revolutionary mass criticism and fighting self-interest and repudiating revisionism, the individual producers, small tradesmen and pedlars have greatly raised their socialist consciousness and they vied with each other to apply for taking part in collective productive labour. Following Chairman Mao's policy on the socialist transformation of individual economy, the town revolutionary committee has been organizing them step by step. To date, more than 700 of them in the town have joined collective production.
   The town revolutionary committee has also energetically organized educated young people, the dependents of the farm workers and staff who lived in the town, and other town dwellers who were not engaged in productive labour to settle down in the countryside. More than 570 senior and junior middle school graduates and other young people have already gone to live and take part in labour in the rural people's communes where they are being re-educated by the poor and lower-middle peasants. Extensive activities to learn from the People's Liberation Army have also been carried out. This has promoted the revolutionization of people's thinking.
   The revolutionary masses of Tienchuangtai Town are advancing with giant strides along the bright road indicated by our great leader Chairman Mao in his "May 7" Directive!
  
   
  
  
  

 
 
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