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 Educated Youth Advance Along the Road of Revolutionization

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Source: Peking Review, No.4, January 24, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


   The majority or the vast majority of the students trained in the old schools and colleges can integrate themselves with the workers, peasants and soldiers, and some have made inventions or innovations; they must, however, be re-educated by the workers, peasants and soldiers under the guidance of the correct line, and thoroughly change their old ideology. Such intellectuals will be welcomed by the workers, peasants and soldiers.

- MAO TSE-TUNG



IN response to Chairman Mao's great teaching that intellectuals must integrate themselves with the workers, peasants and soldiers, a group of college graduates and post-graduates working in the Chinese Academy of Sciences last August went to work on a farm on the shore of Pohai Bay run by a P.L.A. unit to receive reeducation.

Advance

   On arrival, they saw the adobe houses furnished with earthen tables and kang (mudbrick beds, heated in winter). Everything was different from comfortable city life. As they looked around on the vast expanse of rice fields interspersed with reed ponds, they could not help worrying: "Rice growing, ditch digging and reed gathering are all heavy jobs. Will we be able to stand up to it?"
   Straightaway, the army leadership organized them in the first Mao Tse-tung's thought study class. P.L.A. men told them what the farm was like when it came into being eight years before. It was then an alkaline wilderness. The P.L.A. commanders and fighters pitched their tents and began the battle against nature. They reclaimed more than 660 hectares of land and have gathered bountiful harvests every year.
   The educated young people were deeply impressed by the spirit of hard struggle shown by the P.L.A. men in building the farm. Taking the P.L.A. men as their models, they did their best to study and apply Chairman Mao's works creatively. Because there were not enough rooms, they set about making sun-dried bricks and gathering roods to build new houses.
   One day the weather changed and a cold spell struck. It so happened that the men college graduates of the 11th company were in the middle of renovating some of their kang. The students of the third platoon quietly moved to haystacks so that the other comrades could have more space. During the night a gale blew up. The P.L.A. commanders and fighters and young people in other platoons sent the third platoon bedding and overcoats, but they refused to accept them. As the night wore on, it grew colder. They got up, gathered around a reproduction of the revolutionary oil painting Chairman Mao Goes to Anyuan and discussed the great revolutionary practice of Chairman Mao. They spoke of the Autumn Harvest Uprising,* the Long March ** the Yenan caves where Chairman Mao once lived, the founding of the People's Republic of China, Chairman Mao's Report to the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China made on the eve of the countrywide victory and the big character poster, "Bombard the Headquarters," which he wrote during the great proletarian cultural revolution. The more they talked the more they felt encouraged. They said: "Today we are undertaking a new 'Long March' guided by Chairman Mao's revolutionary line. While being re-educated by the workers, peasants and soldiers and remoulding our old ideology, we must go forward boldly braving the icy cold and not falter when faced with any difficulty."

Continue to Advance

   The time for the autumn harvest was approaching. The heavy work which harvesting involves would be a test for the college graduates who had come to be tempered on the farm. They came to a deep understanding that manual labour remained a new, important subject for them 'though they had been educated for a dozen years in the old schools. In order to temper themselves into genuine successors to the revolution and into intellectuals who will have become integrated with the working people, they must undertake this new subject. They were determined to take the P.L.A. men as their example and clear out the old ideas from their minds through the labour of the busy autumn harvest.
   Hao Chiung-chi, a girl student, was very anxious to prove herself from the beginning. She sharpened her sickle three days ahead. She worked without pause on the first day, and carelessly cut her leg. Without saying anything, she went to the surgeon who stitched up her wound and advised her not to work in the fields. However, she went back to the paddyfield and worked with all her strength.  Her comrades discovered she had had an accident and told her to rest. But she said: "When a battle is in progress one must rush forward and not retreat!" She recited this quotation from Chairman Mao: "Be resolute, fear no sacrifice and surmount every difficulty to win victory," as she reaped the rice. And she carried on until the work was finished.
   Hao Chiung-chi's revolutionary determination to fight self and devote herself to the public interests encouraged all the others. All the 148 men students in one company worked strenuously without complaint although their hands were covered with blisters.
   One night after seeing a movie, Chang Chen-fan, a post-graduate, remembered that the sickles for use the following day had not been sharpened. He quietly took all the squad's 35 sickles to a ditch, and started to work. But by the time he had finished sharpening the third one he felt tired. He was ready to take the sickles back and go to bed. But on second thought, he realized that it was necessary to launch an offensive against his old ideas of desiring an easy life and to foster the new fine quality of hard work. This realization gave him fresh strength and inspiration. He then went on sharpening the sickles. Afterwards he said with deep emotion: "Every kind of manual labour we undertake on the farm run by the P.L.A. unit is a means of examining our ideology and a test of whether we want to take the capitalist road or the socialist road." Hard work has enabled the educated young people to be tempered step by step and to gradually strengthen their will and their devotion to the revolutionary cause.

Always March Forward

   A remarkable change has taken place in the thinking and feelings of these educated youth in the last few months. When Chang Tieh-cheng, a post-graduate in the men's 12th company, emptied the latrines for the first time, he was somewhat reluctant. He felt unhappy because he had to get up very early to do the dirty and smelly job. Later, when he compared himself with the poor and lower-middle peasants, he realized there was something wrong with his thinking and feelings. With this problem in mind, he studied this teaching of Chairman Mao's over and over again: "The workers and peasants were the cleanest people and, even though their hands were soiled and their feet smeared with cow-dung, they were really cleaner than the bourgeois and petty-bourgeois intellectuals." Having cleansed his mind, he went about his job willingly. Later he remarked: "Although I clean out the latrines every day, what I am really cleaning out is my bourgeois thinking. Only when we eliminate bourgeois thinking will we be able to serve the people for ever."
   Wang Kuei-feng, a girl student, also underwent a sharp struggle in the course of remoulding her old ideology. When she first came to the farm, she was not used to getting up early, didn't like the food prepared by the army cooks and showed no interest in the activities of the collective.
   Later on, she went to several meetings organized by the P.L.A. men to recall the sufferings of the past and to contrast them with today's happy life. On healing the stories of the family history of the P.L.A. commanders and fighters who had suffered merciless oppression and exploitation in the old society, the girl, who is the daughter of a veteran worker, could not keep calm and hold back her tears. That night, she tossed about, unable to fall asleep. She remembered her sick father toiling as a coolie for the capitalists. She recalled how she had worked when she was a child. As she thought of these things, she realized she had forgotten her class origin. Her bourgeois school life had made her finicking; she no longer resembled a daughter of the working class. This realization filled her with hatred for the counter-revolutionary revisionist line in education pushed by the renegade, traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi. She was determined to make revolution in the depth of her being and thoroughly eliminate the pernicious effect of bourgeois ideas from her mind. At a meeting on the creative study and application of Mao Tse-tung's thought, she exposed all her selfish ideas and traced their cause to the root. Taking the P.L.A. men as her models in everything she undertakes, she has since then made still greater efforts in her creative study and application of Chairman Mao's works and In her ideological remoulding through physical labour. She has thus made remarkable progress.
   These educated young people have recently studied our respected and beloved leader Chairman Mao's great call relayed in the Communique of the Enlarged 12th Plenary Session of the Eighth Central Committee of the Party, a call which states that as regards intellectuals, they must be re-educated by the workers, peasants and soldiers so that they can integrate themselves with the workers and peasants. They have also studied Chairman Mao's relevant series of latest instructions. Reviewing their experience in the past few months and their rapid growth, they have strengthened their determination to do their best to be re-educated by the proletariat in the course of labour. They pledged: We will follow Chairman Mao's instructions to temper ourselves into truly reliable successors to the revolutionary cause of the proletariat so that revisionism will never emerge and grow in our country.
  
  

* The famous Autumn Harvest Uprising under the leadership of Comrade Mao Tse-tung was launched in September 1927 by the people's armed forces of Hsiushui, Ping-hsiang, Pingkiang and Liuyang Counties on the Hunan-Kiangsi border, who formed the First Division of the First Workers' and Peasants' Revolutionary Army. Comrade Mao Tse-tung led this force to the Chingkang Mountains where a revolutionary base was established.
** Beginning October 1934, the main force of the First Front Army of the Chinese Workers" and Peasants' Red Army set out from western Fukien and southern Kiangsi and started a major strategic -movement. They encountered untold difficulties and dangers on their way and routed the enemy's repealed encirclements, pursuits, obstructions and interceptions. Covering a distance of 25,000 li, they went across 11 provinces and victoriously arrived at the base areas in northern Shensi in a years time. The world-shaking Long March led by Comrade Mao Tse-tung enabled the Chinese revolution to overcome a critical situation and arrive at a new phase.

  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-02-26 07:52 | [楼 主]
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