本页主题: Albania Marches Forward On the Road of Revolutionization 打印 | 加为IE收藏 | 复制链接 | 收藏主题 | 上一主题 | 下一主题

weihong1
级别: 精灵王


精华: 0
发帖: 1081
威望: 1082 点
红花: 10810 朵
贡献值: 0 点
在线时间:273(小时)
注册时间:2007-01-15
最后登录:2009-08-13

 Albania Marches Forward On the Road of Revolutionization

图片:
图片:
Great Beacon of Socialism in Europe

Albania Marches Forward On the Road of Revolutionization

Source: Peking Review, No. 3, January 17, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


    UNDER the wise leadership of the Albanian Party of Labour headed by Comrade Enver Hoxha, the heroic Albanian people achieved tremendous new successes in 1968 in broadening and deepening the mass movement for further revolutionizing the Party, the government and all aspects of state life by bringing into full play the proletarian spirit of uninterrupted revolution. Great progress has been made in the revolutionization of the people's thinking and in the further consolidation of the dictatorship of the proletariat.

Absorb Fresh Blood to Strengthen Party Building

   The Albanian Party of Labour further strengthened the work of Party building in 1968. Having been tempered in the revolutionization movement, the Party organizations at all levels have been further consolidated and the political consciousness of the masses of Party members has been further heightened. Advanced workers and members of agricultural co-operatives who gave an excellent account of themselves in the revolutionization movement have been admitted into the Party, instilling fresh blood into it. Several hundred workers who are politically conscious and vocationally competent have been promoted to leading posts at various levels in the Party, the government and mass organizations.
   Party and government organs at all levels have carried on the struggle against bureaucracy. A system of rotating jobs among the cadres has been instituted. A good number of cadres who used to work in central or regional organizations have been sent to work and temper themselves at the grass-roots levels, in the countryside and mountainous areas. Greater progress has been made in cadres' participation in productive labour than in 1967.

Usher in High Tide of Working-Class Supervision

   In the beginning of 1983, Ccmvadc Enver Hoxha in a report on "Working-Class Supervision'' called on "the working class and the Party to exercise all-round, systematic and decisive leadership and supervision over everything and everybody, over cadres, leading organs, administrative institutions and various commissions." Immediately afterwards, Party and trade union organizations in industrial and mining enterprises and in government and other institutions throughout the country convened meetings to conscientiously study and discuss the report. After the discussions, the broad masses of workers further raised their proletarian socialist consciousness and came to understand more deeply the role of the working class as the leading class in socialist revolution and socialist construction, and established more firmly in their minds the idea that they are the masters of their country. They carried out working-class supervision in various ways. Under the leadership of Party organizations, the masses of workers combated bureaucracy and examined how the mass line was carried out. They reviewed the fulfilment of state plans, looked into attitudes towards collective and individual interests, inspected the work of protecting public property, the working and living conditions of the labouring masses and saw to it that proletarian ethics were observed in social, individual and family lives. Since last November, the masses of workers, following Comrade Enver Hoxha's teachings, have extended working-class supervision from their own units to many outside units. In Tirana, Elbasan and other cities, hundreds of supervision groups composed of thousands of outstanding workers have been sent to inspect the work of several hundred establishments of commerce, medical service and public health and other service trades. Recently, workers' supervision groups have begun to inspect the work of a number of schools and Party and government institutions.
   For enforcing supervision by the Party and working class more successfully, the Party and trade union organizations, following Comrade Enver Hoxha's teachings, regard the raising of the political-ideological level of the working class as one of their main tasks. The first two volumes of Comrade Enver Hoxha's works and the history of the Albanian Party of Labour were published and put on sale in 1968, according to decisions of the Central Committee of the Albanian Party of Labour. The Central Committee of the Albanian Party of Labour also made a decision on the study of the Party's history. Last year, under the leadership of Party organizations, trade unions at all levels organized, in a more extensive, systematic and uninterrupted manner, mass studies of Party documents and Comrade Enver Hoxha's works. Discussions were conducted in the light of the actual situation so as to strengthen the political-ideological education of the workers.

Students and Teachers Leave Classrooms to Plunge Into Revolutionary Struggle

   Great efforts were made in the past year to further revolutionize the schools throughout the country.
  
On March 7. Comrade Hoxha made a report on "The Further Revolutionization of the Schools in Our Country." He pointed out in the report that "education is a great undertaking of the Party, the government and the entire people." At the proposal of Comrade Hoxha, a national education commission directly under the Central Committee of the Albanian Party of Labour was set up to lead the work of revolutionizing the schools. The commission is headed by Comrade Mehmet Shohu and includes representatives of people of all walks of life. After studying Comrade Hoxha's report, the broad masses of workers, members of agricultural co-operatives, fighters of the People's Army, educational workers, students, Party and government cadres, scientific and technical workers, cultural and art workers and the parents of students all went into action and enthusiastically and repeatedly discussed it through newspapers and magazines and various kinds of meetings. Many regions and organizations held discussions on the further revolutionization of schools and at the same time they began to carry out reforms.
   In his report on "The Further Revolutionization of the Schools in OUT Country," Comrade Hoxha said: "Our intellectuals, students and teachers in particular, should acquire a world outlook of genuine materialism. In studying the theories of Marxism-Leninism, they should be given education in Marxist-Leninist philosophy simultaneously through several different channels." During the last summer vacation, great numbers of teachers studied dialectical materialism and historical materialism under the guidance of the Party organizations. Party documents and Comrade Hoxha's works are studied in all the schools. In many schools, students and teachers are persuaded and organized to go out of their classrooms and laboratories and plunge themselves into the vigorous nationwide revolutionization movement. Many students and teachers of universities, colleges and middle schools have participated in medical and public health work and electrification projects in rural and mountainous areas. Many teachers in the south and in the plains volunteered to work in the mountainous areas in the north. The campaign to "learn from the working class'' initialed recently by the Scanderbeg Middle School in Dunes city has won wide response from students and teachers. Students of this and other schools and those of the Tirana University go to factories and mines regularly every week to work and learn from the working class the proletarian revolutionary spirit and selflessness in socialist labour. They also invite veteran workers to speak about their sufferings in the old society and their heroic struggles against the capitalists and foreign aggressors.
   During the movement for further revolutionization in the schools in 1968, greater attention was paid to the strengthening of studies, manual labour and military training. Tens of thousands of students took part in the construction of the Rrogozhine-Fieri Railway and other voluntary labour. After the Albanian Government took the revolutionary action of denouncing and withdrawing from the Warsaw Treaty Organization controlled by Soviet modern revisionism, the broad masses of students were even more high spirited and showed greater militancy. With book or pick in one hand and rifle in the other, they have maintained a high degree of revolutionary vigilance against all enemies who dare to invade their socialist motherland. Students and young teachers in the universities and colleges in Tirana and Shkodra set up the first and second youth combat brigades. Time was allotted during school terms for day and night military training.
   Comrade Enver Hoxha said: "Our school should not aim at creating an intelligentsia as a stratum which is consistently detached from the masses. Instead, it should endeavour to create a large army of the educated comprising in the first place workers and peasants and to make the intellectuals in this army integrate themselves with the workers and peasants. In this army, workers and members of agricultural co-operatives who attain culture today or tomorrow will occupy the first place." To let more workers and peasants attend school and prepare themselves for the tasks of the current and prospective economic, technical and cultural development of their country in accordance with the teachings of the Party and Comrade Hoxha, many universities, colleges and middle schools have lately begun to run evening schools or correspondence courses for workers and peasants, and universities and colleges have opened subsidiary branches in industrial enterprises. Many industrial and mining enterprises, state farms and bigger agricultural co-operatives have set up elementary and middle spare-time technical schools.

Rural Revolutionization Movement Developed in Depth

   In 1968, the revolutionization movement continued to develop in depth in the vast areas of the countryside. Under the leadership of Party organizations, the broad masses of agricultural co-operative members plunged into the struggle and made great efforts to foster collectivism, do away with religious superstitions, emancipate women completely and expand Party organizations in the countryside. Spurred by the revolutionization movement, socialist economy in the countryside has been further consolidated and developed.
   Inspired by the slogan "Strengthen the worker-peasant alliance/' many workers, cadres, youth and women in the cities of Kukes, Puke, Korea, Elbasan and other regions continued to go to mountainous areas and other rural areas to work and participate in the revolutionization movement there and raise their own political-ideological consciousness.
   The vigorous revolutionization movement has effectively promoted the revolutionization of people's thinking and brought about changes in their mental outlook. As a result, a great number of heroic collectives and individuals have emerged in all parts of the country.

Source: Peking Review, No. 3, January 17, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-02-26 07:22 | [楼 主]
帖子浏览记录 版块浏览记录
中国文革研究网 » CR DOCUMENTS
 
 

Total 0.014833(s) query 3, Time now is:06-27 03:10, Gzip enabled
Powered by PHPWind v6.3.2 Certificate © http://wengewang.tk