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 Implementation of Chairman Mao's Instructions Means Victory

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Implementation of Chairman Mao's Instructions Means Victory

—Celebrating the First Anniversary of Chairman Mao's Inspection Tour of North, Central-South and East China

Editorial of "Renmin Ribao" and "Jiefangjun Bao"

Source: Peking Review, No. 39, September 27, 1968
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


    THE whole country is red and the working class is slopping on to the stage of struggle-criticism-trans-formation in all parts of the superstructure- In this excellent situation, we are filled with the pride of victory as we celebrate the first anniversary of our great leader Chairman Mao's inspection tour of north, central-south and east China.
   Chairman Mao's personal inspection of these three vast areas wrote the most glorious chapter in the history of the great proletarian cultural revolution in China. The extremely important instructions he issued during his tour make up a great programme for winning all-round victory in the great proletarian cultural revolution.
   When we recall the course of the struggle over the past year, we can see what tremendous revolutionary changes have taken place under the guidance of Chairman Mao's instructions. The great principle of forming revolutionary alliances and revolutionary three-in-one combinations put forward by Chairman Mao has been universally implemented. His great policy "grasp revolution and promote production and other work and preparedness against war" has achieved enormous results. His great call "fight self, repudiate revisionism" has become the conscious action of hundreds of millions of revolutionary people. His great instruction on the necessity of setting up study classes has become the basic method for the solution of all problems and for the fulfilment of all tasks. The brilliant victory of the great proletarian cultural revolution has fully demonstrated the great revolutionary power of Chairman Mao's instructions.
   The all-round implementation of Chairman Mao's instructions means all-round victory for the great proletarian cultural revolution.
   Chairman Mao teaches us: "To make the policy of the Party the policy of the masses requires effort, long and persistent effort, unrelenting and strenuous, patient and painstaking effort. Without such effort, we shall achieve nothing."
   The armymen and civilians throughout the country have made very great efforts to carry out Chairman Mao's latest instructions. But accomplishing the great task of struggle-criticism-transformation and winning all-round victory in the great proletarian cultural revolution requires that every single area, department or unit further implement Chairman Mao's latest instructions in an all-round way.
   It is not strange that, due to all kinds of objective and subjective factors, there should be a differentiation into advanced and backward. Thoroughgoing materialists should acknowledge such a difference and give full play to subjective initiative, and discover and solve contradictions in order to advance the great cultural revolution to a higher level.
   In the light of Chairman Mao's latest instructions, all areas, departments and units should examine and sum up their own work to determine what has been done and what has not and what has been well done and what shows insufficient efforts, in order to develop achievements and overcome shortcomings. Thus the advanced will continue to advance and the backward will strive to catch up with the advanced; by emulating, learning from and catching up with the advanced and by helping each other, we will bring into being a new situation of all-round implementation of Chairman Mao's latest instructions.
   The key to all-round implementation lies in further mobilizing and relying on the masses and respecting the revolutionary practice of the masses and their initiative. Chairman Mao teaches us: "When the masses are of one heart, everything becomes easy." It is impossible to fulfil this great and profound revolution of struggle-criticism-transformation if the masses are not fully aroused, if all active factors are not brought into full play and all forces which can be united are not united. And this requires that we do more deep-going, painstaking and energetic ideological and political work among the masses. It is essential through organizing Mao Tse-tung's thought study classes of various types to develop the good revolutionary study style of integrating theory with practice, to combat self-interest and repudiate revisionism, to repudiate and overcome anarchism, individualism, mountain stronghold mentality and other kinds of bourgeois ideology, to raise the proletarian consciousness of the revolutionary masses and to increase their conscientiousness in implementing Chairman Mao's latest instructions.
   Chairman Mao teaches: "There are two methods which we Communists must employ in whatever work we do. One is to combine the general with the particular; the other is to combine the leadership with the masses."
   The leading members of revolutionary committees at all levels should learn from Chairman Mao's great practice and, in response to the great call of Chairman Mao, choose by themselves certain units and organize a group of people to engage in investigation and study and do it well, so as to integrate Chairman Mao's latest instructions with the specific conditions of their own localities and departments. They should be good at discovering typical instances, helping establish outstanding examples and using the experience of advanced units to educate and encourage the masses. The leading members should make up their minds and devote enough energy to touching "wasps' nests,'' that is, solving long-standing and thorny problems. Through work in advanced and backward units to encourage those in between, they will be able to bring about the faster and better implementation of Chairman Mao's latest instructions in all units.
   The bringing into full play of the working class' leading role in the great cultural revolution and all fields of work and the entrance of the Mao Tse-tung's thought propaganda teams formed by workers and Liberation Army fighters into all areas of the superstructure will be a still more powerful guarantee for the all-round implementation of Chairman Mao's latest instructions. The proletarian revolutionaries and revolutionary masses should willingly accept the leadership of the working class, learn from the working class and from the People's Liberation Army, strengthen the proletarian concept of viewing the situation as a whole, strengthen the sense of organization and discipline and use Chairman Mao's latest instructions to unify their understanding and co-ordinate their steps and actions. The masses of workers and Liberation Army fighters should study hard in the course of struggle, bring into full play their role as models, carry forward the proletarian spirit of thoroughgoing revolution and adhere strictly to the various proletarian policies of Chairman Mao.
   The nearer the great cultural revolution approaches its all-round victory, the more frantically will the class enemies attempt to disrupt the overall implementation of Chairman Mao's latest instructions. At the time of victory, we must never relax or lower our guard, we must never forget class struggle. We should maintain high revolutionary vigilance so as to expose and smash at all time obstruction and sabotage by the class enemies, from the Right and the "Left."
   Provided we persevere in carrying out Chairman Mao's instructions, rally closely round the proletarian headquarters headed by Chairman Mao and with Vice-Chairman Lin Piao as its deputy leader, we will certainly be able to fulfil the tasks of struggle-criticism-transformation and hasten all-round victory in the great proletarian cultural revolution.

(September 25, 1968)
  
  
  

 
 
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