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 At Peking Rally of Revolutionary Masses Premier Chou En-lai's Speech

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Source: Peking Review, No. 37, September 13, 1968
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org
    
  Comrades, comrade workers, comrade poor and lower-middle peasants, comrade commanders and fighters of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, comrade proletarian revolutionaries, young Red Guard fighters, I extend the militant greetings of the victory of the great proletarian cultural revolution to you! (The masses shout: Long live Chairman Mao! Long live the all-round victory of the great proletarian cultural revolution!)
  Today Peking is holding a rally here celebrating the establishment of the Revolutionary Committees of the Tibet Autonomous Region and the Sinkiang Uighur Autonomous Region, celebrating the establishment of the revolutionary committees in 29 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions throughout the country. At this rally, let me first extend regards to you and congratulate you on behalf of our great leader Chairman Mao and his close comrade-in-arms Vice-Chairman Lin Piao, the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, the State Council, the Military Commission of the Party's Central Committee and the Cultural Revolution Group Under the Party's Central Committee! (Warm applause. The masses shout: Long live Chairman Mao! A long, long life to Chairman Mao!) I also congratulate the people of all nationalities of our country!
  We all say that now the whole country is red. Twenty months have elapsed since the "January Storm" of 1967 when the Shanghai working class took the initiative to seize power from the capitalist roaders. Now, revolutionary committees have been established in our 29 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions. Now we can declare that through repeated struggles during the past 20 months we have finally smashed the plot of the handful of top Party persons in authority taking the capitalist road — counter-revolutionary revisionists— renegades, enemy agents and traitors headed by China's Khrushchov to restore capitalism (applause), and fulfilled the great call issued by our great leader Chairman Mao: "Proletarian revolutionaries, unite and seize power from the handful of Party persons in authority taking the capitalist road!"(Applause. The masses shout: Long live the victory of Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line!) This is a tremendous victory for the great proletarian cultural revolution, a great victory for the invincible thought of Mao Tse-tung. (The masses shout: Long live the invincible thought of Mao Tse-tung!)
  In the meantime, we should firmly bear in mind that apart from the 29 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions, Taiwan Province remains to be liberated. We will liberate Taiwan without fail. (Warm applause. The masses shout: We will liberate Taiwan without fail! We will liberate Taiwan without fail! We will liberate Taiwan without fail! We will liberate Taiwan without fail!)
  As you all know, the domestic and foreign enemies will not take their defeat in China lying down. They are bound to struggle and to try to stage a counterattack. Therefore, we should respond to the call of the great leader Chairman Mao and, under the unified leadership of the proletarian headquarters headed by Chairman Mao and with Vice-Chairman Lin Piao as its deputy leader, unify our understanding, co-ordinate our steps and concert our actions. All units should act according to this instruction from our great leader Chairman Mao: "Struggle-criticism-transformation in a factory, on the whole, goes through the following stages: establishing a three-in-one revolutionary committee; carrying out mass criticism and repudiation; purifying the class ranks; consolidating the Party organization; and simplifying the administrative structure, changing irrational rules and regulations and sending office workers to the workshops." In all units, that is to say, in such places as enterprises and other undertakings, schools and government offices, the struggle-criticism-transformation should also go through these stages.
  In the excellent situation that the whole country is red, we must hold high the great red banner of Mao Tse-tung"s thought, be well prepared to meet the new high tide of struggle-criticism-transformation we are now launching, completely discredit and overthrow the handful of top capitalist roaders in the Party and their agents in various places and units. At the same time, under our organizational form of revolutionary great alliance and revolutionary "three-in-one" combination, we should purify the class ranks and uncover the bad elements in all units. It is necessary to continue to criticize and repudiate all reactionary ideas, counterrevolutionary revisionism, reactionary academic authorities and technical authorities, and so on.
  It is necessary to simplify the administrative structure in all our units and change all irrational rules and regulations and send those people who are thus spared to grass-roots levels and to production.
  Young people should also respond to the call of our great leader Chairman Mao, go to the grass-roots levels, to the masses and to production, settle in the mountainous areas and the countryside, and take part in physical work in factories, mines and villages. (Applause.)
  Our great leader Chairman Mao recently issued the call that the working class must exercise leadership in everything. This is our fundamental principle of Marxism, Leninism, Mao Tse-tung's thought. Our Communist Party is the vanguard of the working class. We should call on the revolutionary people all over the country to accept working-class leadership. So we have begun to organize workers' Mao Tse-tung's thought propaganda teams. Backed by the People's Liberation Army and in co-ordination with P.L.A. fighters, the propaganda teams have entered colleges and schools to promote the revolutionary great alliance in places where this has not been done. They will combine with the activists among the students, teachers, staff members and workers in colleges, schools and other units, and lead the struggle-criticism-transformation there. It is essential that we should act according to Mao Tse-tung's thought and stand on the side of Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line so as to temper ourselves gradually and continuously into proletarian revolutionaries. We have only one group, that is, the proletarian revolutionary group; we have only one thought, that is, Mao Tse-tung's thought; we have only one line, that is, Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line. (Applause.)
  We shall be able to carry out our revolution in education well by conducting struggle-criticism-transformation in this way. We should send Mao Tse-tung's thought propaganda teams of the working class and Liberation Army fighters not only to the schools, but to enterprises, undertakings and government offices and all other places where the revolutionary great alliance and revolutionary "three-in-one" combination have not been brought about successfully or the tasks of struggle-criticism-transformation have not been carried out well. The propaganda teams and Liberation Army men should help people there and lead them. (Applause.) Only in this way can we really win the all-round victory in the great proletarian cultural revolution.
  Now, internationally, the enemy rots with each passing day while for us things are daily getting better. It is very clear that the imperialist camp headed by U.S. imperialists is disintegrating and is beset with internal and external difficulties; the revisionist countries with the Soviet revisionist renegade clique as their centre are distrusting each other and are at mutual strife. Hence the reactionaries of all countries who are following U.S. imperialism and Soviet revisionism are also finding it hard to carry on. We can say with certainty that the old world is going to collapse. (Applause.) It is also certain that our proletarian socialist revolution is advancing to worldwide victory. However, before the advent of victory, the enemies throughout the world will surely put up last-ditch struggles and launch counter-attacks. Therefore, our present great proletarian cultural revolution is a most extensive, thoroughgoing and all-round political and military mobilization. Should enemies from abroad dare to invade China, we will, in response to the call of our great leader Chairman Mao, wipe them out resolutely, thoroughly, wholly and completely! (Applause. The masses shout: Down with U.S. imperialism! Down with modern revisionism with the Soviet revisionist leading clique as its centre! Down with the reactionaries of all countries! We will liberate Taiwan without fail!)

  Long live the all-round victory of the great proletarian cultural revolution!
  Long live the victory of Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line!
  Long live the victory of the invincible, great thought of Mao Tse-tung!
  Down with the handful of capitalist roaders in the Party, renegades and traitors!
        Down with U.S. imperialism!
        Down with Soviet revisionism!
        Long live the Chinese working class!
        Long live the Chinese people's communes!
        Long live the Chinese People's Liberation Army!
        Long live the Chinese Red Guards!
        Long live the Chinese proletarian revolutionaries!
  Long live the revolutionary people of all nationalities of China!
        Long live the revolutionary people of the world!
  Long live the victory of the dictatorship of the proletariat!
        Long live the great Communist Party of China!
  Long live our great leader Chairman Mao! A long, long life to him! (Applause.)
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-02-25 02:45 | [楼 主]
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