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 Soviet Revisionist Renegade Clique Blatantly Sends Troops to Occupy Czechoslovakia

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Beset With Difficulties at Home and Abroad and Finding Itself in Tight Corner, Soviet Revisionist Renegade Clique Blatantly Sends Troops to Occupy Czechoslovakia

Source: Peking Review, No. 34, August 23, 1968
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


    ACTING undisguisedly like a pack of robbers, the Brezhnev-Kosygin renegade clique blatantly dispatched on August 20 massive armed forces to occupy savagely the whole of Czechoslovakia, thus corn-mill inn a monstrous crime against the Czechoslovak people. This is an unprecedenledly big exposure of the hideous features of the Soviet revisionist renegade clique which is frenziedly pursuing imperialist power politics; this is a most despicable performance in the dogfight between the Soviet revisionist renegade clique and the Czechoslovak revisionist renegade clique; this is the result of the direct collusion between the Soviet revisionist renegade clique and U.S. imperialism in a vain attempt to redivide the world; this is the death-bed struggle of the Soviet revisionist renegade clique in an attempt to avert the crisis of disintegration and imminent destruction of the entire modern revisionist blot:. Il reveals in full the paper-tiger nature of the Soviet revisionists.
   News from various sources show that, late at night on August 20, the Soviet revisionist renegade clique lining up the revisionist cliques of Poland, the G.D.R., Hungary and Bulgaria sent out simultaneously from many places a huge force of ground troops and air force units to invade Czechoslovakia. While the invasion was being carried out, the Soviet revisionist renegade clique specially instructed its Ambassador to the United States Dobrynin to personally inform the chieftain of U.S. imperialism Johnson of this act of aggression. That very night, Johnson summoned the U.S. National Security Council in emergency session to discuss this question. After the meeting, he instructed U.S. Secretary of State Rusk to call Dobrynin to the While House to hold further closed-door talks.
   After the troops of the Soviet revisionist clique and its flunkeys had intruded into Czechoslovak territory, the Czechoslovak revisionist clique adopted the policy of "not to offer resistance'' while repeatedly calling on all the troops and people of the country to 'remain calm.'1 Due to this, the invading troops speedily occupied the main cities and all the territory of Czechoslovakia and sealed off all its borders. Tanks, armoured cars and other military vehicles of the Soviet revisionist clique rumbled down the streets of Prague, the Czechoslovak capital, while many Soviet jet fighters circled overhead day and night. Troops of the Soviet revisionist clique controlled Prague's key roads, occupied its airport, and the broadcasting station, news agency and newspaper offices, surrounded or occupied the Czechoslovak presidential palace, the Central Committee building of the Czechoslovak revisionist Party and such key departments as the Ministries of Defence, Foreign Affairs and the Interior. According to Western news agency reports. Soviet troops detained or arrested Party and government chiefs of the Czechoslovak revisionist clique, including First Secretary of the Party's Central Committee Alexander Dubcek, Premier Oldrich Ccrnik, President of the National Assembly Josef Smrkovsky and Chairman of the Czech National Council Cestmir Cisar.
   While sending troops to invade Czechoslovakia, the Soviet revisionist renegade clique authorized TASS to issue a most hypocritical statement on August 21, shamelessly saying that their armed intrusion into Czechoslovakia was "proceeding from the principles of inseverable friendship and co-operation” and that they went there for the "defence of socialist gains' and so on and so forth in a vain attempt to create pretexts for and vindicate their naked aggression.
   The Czechoslovak labouring people expressed great indignation at the barbarous aggression by the Soviet revisionist renegade clique and the shameful betrayal by the Czechoslovak revisionist renegade clique. In spite of the suppression by the invading troops, they held strikes and demonstrations and called for the Soviet revisionists' aggressor troops to get out. It was reported that citizens in Prague, Bratislava and other cities clashed and came into conflict with the invading troops. Many people built barricades with buses, laid ambushes, hurled incendiary material from roofs, and used every possible means to stop the advancing tanks. Many ammunition cars and tanks were set on fire. Many a time the people surrounded and argued with the invading troops and distributed leaflets, demanding the withdrawal of the troops of the Soviet revisionists. Within the last two days, casualties on both sides run to several hundred. At present, the sounds of rifle-fire and gunshots can still be heard in these cities.
   This unprecedentedly barefaced armed intervention in and invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet revisionist ruling clique is the inevitable result of the revisionist line this clique has pursued for a long time. This event is a concentrated expression of the daily deepening and inextricable crises and serious contradictions within the modern revisionist bloc with Soviet revisionism as its centre, a concentrated expression of the wholesale bankruptcy of modern revisionism.
   For many years, the Soviet revisionist chieftains, from Khrushchov to Brezhnev, Kosygin and their ilk, have been restoring capitalism in an all-round way at home while actively playing in the international field the role of U.S. imperialism's accomplice No. 1 to suppress the revolutionary struggles of the people of the world. In their relations with Czechoslovakia and other East European revisionist countries, the Soviet revisionists have always practised big-nation chauvinism and national egoism, turning the East European countries into their dependencies and colonies, steadily tightening their control over the ruling cliques of these countries and ruthlessly oppressing and exploiting the broad masses of the people. The revisionist cliques in Eastern Europe have been doing their utmost to free themselves from the tight control of the Soviet revisionists so as to make direct deals with imperialism headed by the United States. Thus, the struggle between the Soviet revisionists and their followers in Eastern Europe is becoming more and more acute and the disintegration is intensifying daily. Making a last desperate fling, the Soviet revisionist renegades have now dispatched their troops to Czechoslovakia in the vain hope of maintaining their shattered hegemony.
   As early as the end of last year, the struggle among the Czechoslovak revisionists and that between the Soviet and Czechoslovak revisionist cliques had come out into the open. By energetically following the Soviet revisionists and restoring capitalism at home, Novotny, the Soviet revisionists' favourite in Czechoslovakia, brought about increasingly acute class polarization and increasingly sharp class struggle and caused grave economic difficulties in Czechoslovakia, thus arousing strong resentment and resistance among broad sections of the people. In these circumstances, the struggle within the Czechoslovak revisionist clique became sharper and sharper. Beginning from the end of last year, the faction headed by Dubcek made violent attacks on the Novotny faction and, in disregard of repeated personal interventions by Brezhnev and other Soviet revisionist chieftains, relieved Novotny of his posts, in January, as First Secretary of the Party's Central Committee and, in March, as President of the Republic and in a planned and systematic way seized Party, government and military power. To consolidate its rule, the Dubcek faction, on the one hand, made a general attempt to vindicate the freaks and monsters of the so-called "period of the personality cult" and, on the other hand, carried out a large-scale purge of the members of the Novotny faction in power.
   After its assumption of power, the Dubcek revisionist clique accelerated the restoration of capitalism in all spheres of endeavour still more openly at home. In foreign policy, flying the banner of "independence," it redoubled its effort to shake off control by the Soviet revisionists and develop relations with the West by actively striving to forge "direct links." The development of such a centrifugal trend away from the Soviet revisionist clique has greatly shaken the position of the Soviet revisionists in Czechoslovakia and vastly aggravated the contradictions between the Soviet and Czechoslovak revisionists. To maintain control over the Czechoslovak revisionists and at the same time to prevent this centrifugal trend from producing widespread chain reactions in the revisionist countries subordinate to it, the ruling Soviet revisionist clique has exerted without let-up political, economic and military pressure over the months on the Czechoslovak revisionists, in an attempt to bring them to their knees.
   In the last few months, the chieftains of the Soviet revisionist renegade clique, Brezhnev, Kosygin and others, have on many occasions personally gone to Prague to carry out direct intervention. They lined up the Party and government bosses of Poland, the G.D.R., Bulgaria and Hungary, and together held meetings in Dresden. Moscow and Warsaw in the latter part of March, early May and mid July to engineer political and economic sanctions against the new Czechoslovak revisionist leading clique in an attempt to bring the Dubcek clique to terms. To increase the pressure, they also sent out from the Warsaw meeting in mid July a joint letter, which is virtually an ultimatum, to the Czechoslovak revisionists. In the letter, this pack of renegades overbearingly berated the Czechoslovak revisionists for "losing control over the course of events,'' described the situation as "grave" and blatantly asserted that such a situation threatened the 'common vital interests" of the Soviet Union and other revisionist-controlled countries, that is, the hegemony of the Soviet revisionist renegade clique, and that therefore they could not "be indifferent and careless" in the face of such a situation, and so on and so forth. All this was meant to prepare a pretext for military intervention. Besides running hither and thither to hold secret meetings aimed at adopting a "high-handed policy" towards the Czechoslovak revisionists, the ruling Soviet revisionist clique has kept up a press offensive, unprecedented in scale, against the Czechoslovak revisionists over the past few months.
   Side by side with their political pressure, the Soviet revisionists have, since Dubcek came to power, kept trying to browbeat the Czechoslovak revisionists into submission by military force. They mustered their Polish, G.D.R., Bulgarian and Hungarian flunkeys to make frequent military deployments on the borders of Czechoslovakia and, in the name of the Warsaw Pact Organization, compelled the Czechoslovak revisionists to agree on the holding of "joint military manoeuvres'' within the borders of Czechoslovakia in late June. In addition, they held a series of military manoeuvres under various guises near the Czechoslovak borders.
   During this period, the Czechoslovak revisionist chieftains and press carried on violent counter-attacks against the Soviet revisionists. The revisionist clique of Czechoslovakia simply gave no heed to the letter jointly signed by the Party and government bosses of the Soviet Union, Poland, the G.D.R., Bulgaria and Hungary. As soon as the letter was made public, the Czechoslovak revisionist chieftains openly made it clear that they were determined "not to make the slightest retreat from the path we took up in January" and demanded that the Warsaw Pact be revised so as to "guarantee equal rights to the pact's members.'*
   In face of all these political and military pressures from the Soviet revisionists, the Czechoslovak revisionists did superficially make certain compromises, but they did not make any substantial concessions.
   It was in the circumstances of this deadlock that the Soviet revisionist renegades went in person to Cerna in Czechoslovakia where they held bilateral talks with the Czechoslovak revisionist, chieftains from July 29 to August 1. Subsequently, on August 3, talks were again held in Bratislava among the revisionist chieftains of the six countries: the Soviet Union, Poland, the G.D.R., Bulgaria, Hungary and Czechoslovakia. However, these talks did not ease the contradictions between the two sides. The reckless dispatch of troops to occupy Czechoslovakia on August 20 was the last stakes thrown in by the desperate Soviet revisionists who have landed themselves in a dilemma.
   The great Lenin once pointed out sharply: "The bourgeoisie are behaving like bare-faced plunderers who have lost their heads; they are committing folly after folly, thus aggravating the situation and hastening their doom." The Soviet clique of revisionist renegades, who are bourgeois elements donning the cloak of Marxism-Leninism and socialism is today committing precisely such folly.
   It is generally known that the Kremlin renegades have long since completely betrayed Marxism-Leninism and socialism and have effected all-round capitalist restoration in a socialist country. They have long worked hand in glove with U.S. imperialism in their dirty business as the gendarme in suppressing the struggles of the revolutionary people of the world. Here the crimes committed by these Kremlin traitors far surpassed those committed by the Czechoslovak revisionist clique. And yet flying the banner of "friendship and co-operation," they did not blush when they put on their ridiculous show, going to Czechoslovakia lo "defend" what they call "socialist gains." They have brought all kinds of pressure to bear on the Czechoslovak revisionists in the last few months and finally took the adventurist step of going into direct, action. In so doing, they had hoped to fill the "breach" in Czechoslovakia and strengthen their control over Eastern Europe and the whole revisionist bloc. But what the Soviet revisionist clique did has only further accelerated the split and disintegration of the revisionist bloc, landing itself in unprecedented isolation. Since this clique's armed occupation of Czechoslovakia on August 20, other revisionist Parties, apart from the Soviet revisionist clique's four servile followers who joined in the dispatch of troops to Czechoslovakia, have held emergency meetings or issued declarations expressing "indignation" towards the Soviet revisionists, or voicing "most resolute condemnation" or "serious difference of opinion."
   Our great leader Chairman Mao has pointed out: It is only through repeated education by positive and negative examples and through comparisons and contrasts that revolutionary Parties and revolutionary people can temper themselves, become mature and make sure of victory.
   Genuine Marxist-Leninists and revolutionary people throughout the world, in particular the Marxist-Leninists and revolutionary people in Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union, will receive another historical education by negative example from the new crimes of the Soviet revisionist renegades. The modern revisionists represented by the ruling Soviet revisionist clique are used to employing hypocritically revolutionary phraseology to dress themselves up, but the droning of the Soviet fighter planes over Prague and Bratislava and the rumbling of Soviet tanks through the streets of these two cities have completely torn off the sentimental veil of "internationalism," "friendship" and "co-operation" which Brezhnev, Kosygin and their ilk draped over themselves to reveal to the full the hideous features of the Soviet revisionists — big-nation chauvinism, national egoism and imperialist jungle law. This incident will help the broad masses of the revolutionary people in the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and other countries under revisionist rule to see clearly to where the counter-revolutionary revisionist line is leading their countries, thus enhancing their new political awakening. All genuine Communists and the broad masses of revolutionary people in these countries will certainly rise in struggle, thoroughly smash the reactionary rule of the revisionist cliques in their own countries and settle accounts with the Soviet revisionist renegade clique for its monstrous crimes. The great red banner of socialism and communism will surely fly over these countries once again!

(Hsinhua report, August 22)


  
  
  

 
 
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