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 Firm Pillar of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat

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—In Celebration of the 41st Anniversary of the Founding of the Chinese People's Liberation Army
Editorial of Renmin Ribao, Hongqi and Jiefangjun Bao

Source: Peking Review, No. 31, August 2, 1968
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org

    AT a time when we are seizing all-round victory in the great proletarian cultural revolution, the armed forces and the people throughout the country warmly celebrate the 41st anniversary of the founding of the Chinese People's Liberation Army which was personally created and is being led by our great supreme commander Chairman Mao and is under the direct command of Vice-Chairman Lin Piao.
   The brilliant history of the People's Liberation Army is the history of victory for Chairman Mao's great thinking on people's war and on the people's army, the history of victory for Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line, and the history of establishing and consolidating revolutionary political power under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party headed by our great leader Chairman Mao.
   During the last few decades, out Party, by relying on this people's army, defeated powerful domestic and foreign enemies and founded the great People's Republic of China, and our Party relies on it to defend our socialist land. Today our country's proletariat has been able to launch the unprecedented great proletarian cultural revolution and triumphantly carry out the great struggle for preventing the restoration of capitalism and consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat. Most fundamentally, this is because the great leader of the proletariat Chairman Mao enjoys lofty prestige and Mao Tse-tung's thought has incomparable strength, and the hundreds of millions of revolutionary people are armed with Mao Tse-tung's thought. At the same time, this is because we have the Great Wall — the People's Liberation Army which holds aloft the great red banner of Mao Tse-tung's thought and is boundlessly loyal to the Party, to the people and to Chairman Mao.
   In the Kutien Conference Resolution—the great programme for building our Party and our army — our great teacher Chairman Mart (caches us: "The Chinese Red Army is an armed body for carrying out the political tasks of the revolution. Especially at present, the Red Army should certainly not confine itself to fighting; besides fighting to destroy the enemy's military strength, it should shoulder such important tasks as doing propaganda among the masses, organizing the masses, arming them, helping them to establish revolutionary political power and setting up Party organizations."
   The fundamental question in the revolution is that of political power. To do propaganda among the masses, organize them, arm them and help them establish revolutionary political power — this is Chairman Mao's consistent thinking on army building; these are the People's Liberation Army's basic tasks and our army's glorious tradition since the period of the Chingkang Mountains.
   During the great proletarian cultural revolution, Chairman Mao issued the great call that "the People's Liberation Army should help the broad masses of the Left," and pointed out that representatives of the armed forces should be included in the revolutionary committees at all levels. The People's Liberation Army helps the proletarian revolutionaries seize power from the handful of capitalist roaders in the Party, and representatives of the armed forces directly join the "three-in-one" revolutionary committees at all levels — these are great strategic measures for strengthening the dictatorship of the proletariat and an important development in Chairman Mao's proletarian thinking on army building. These are an important component part of Chairman Mao's great theory on continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat and a tremendous contribution to the Marxist-Leninist theory on the state.
   Guided by this brilliant thinking of Chairman Mao's, the Chinese People's Liberation Army has made new, magnificent contributions in defending and consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat during the great proletarian cultural revolution. It has demonstrated its powerful strength as the pillar of the dictatorship of the proletariat.
   Infinitely loyal to Chairman Mao, this army has enthusiastically propagated Mao Tse-tung's thought: it has widely publicized Vice-Chairman Lin Piao's call to study and apply Chairman Mao's works in a creative way and give first place to proletarian politics; it has thus vigorously promoted the great mass movement of studying and applying Mao Tse-tung's thought in a creative way among the people ail over the country.
   Maintaining high vigilance and fighting courageously, the army is guarding the country's frontiers, sea coast and air, guaranteeing that the Chinese people Carry on the great proletarian cultural revolution successfully despite the wild anti-China howling by imperialism, revisionism and reaction.
   The army resolutely helps the broad masses of the Left, closely follows Chairman Mao's great strategic plan and conscientiously puts the series of Chairman Mao's latest instructions into practice. It trusts the masses, relies on them and respects their initiative. It has always directed the spearhead of the struggle against the handful of top Party capitalist roaders represented by China's Khrushchov. It never hesitates to protect the proletarian revolutionaries and the other revolutionary masses, even at the cost of life and blood. It has steadfastly carried out and defended Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line.
   Now, as a result of the concerted efforts by the armymen and civilians throughout China, revolutionary committees have been established in most parts of the country. This is a great achievement of the great proletarian cultural revolution, and an important hallmark indicating that the cultural revolution has won the decisive victory.
   The revolutionary committee, which embodies the revolutionary "three-in-one" combination, is a fighting command leading the revolutionary masses to new victories. The consolidation and development of the revolutionary committee is in the fundamental interests of the people of the whole country, and is called for by the general situation in the revolution. It is an issue of key importance in winning all-round victory in the great proletarian cultural revolution. This is the common duty of the people of the entire country, and a major political task facing the People's Liberation Army.
   The People's Liberation Army must take the road of supporting the government, and powerfully and firmly back up revolutionary committees at all levels. It must trust, respect, support, help and defend the revolutionary committee by exemplary deeds. It must also guide the revolutionary masses to cherish and strengthen their own proletarian organ of power.
   The establishment, consolidation and development of the newborn revolutionary committee means a serious class struggle. Enemies of the proletariat invariably are trying by every means, from the Right or from the extreme "Left," to sabotage the newborn revolutionary committee, to undermine unity between the revolutionary committee and the People's Liberation Army, unity between the revolutionary committee and the revolutionary masses, and the unity of the revolutionary committee itself, futilely trying to save themselves from complete failure. Comrades in the People's Liberation Army must join the masses and the revolutionary cadres in keeping their eyes wide open, closely watching for new moves by the class enemies, completely exposing and frustrating their conspiracies and schemes, and in consolidating and developing the revolutionary committee in the course of class struggle and defending Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line.
   The most basic thing in consolidating and developing the revolutionary committee is to follow Chairman Mao's teaching to "organize a revolutionized leading group which links itself with the masses." The Chinese People's Liberation Army, which is armed with Mao Tse-tung's thought and which has flesh-and-blood lies with the masses, has a heavy responsibility for the building of such a leading group.
   The glorious tradition of the People's Liberation Army is the glorious tradition of our Party and an invaluable asset for all our people. Much of the communist ideology personally fostered by Chairman Mao and of the advanced practices and fine working style of the proletariat personally created by him was first developed in the People's Liberation Army. People's Liberation Army personnel who are helping the Left, helping industry and agriculture, exercising military control and giving military and political training, and army representatives in the revolutionary committees at all levels should bring into these committees Chairman Mao's proletarian thinking on army building, and apply it in building political power. They should also bring into these revolutionary committees and apply in building political power the policies and principles advanced by Vice-Chairman Lin Piao which concern the creative study and application of Chairman Mao's works, giving prominence to proletarian politics, adhering to the "four firsts,"1 vigorously fostering the "three-eight" working style,2 bringing into play "democracy in the three main fields" 3 and extending the "four-good" company' 4 movement. They should thoroughly criticize and repudiate the counterrevolutionary revisionist line advocated by China's Khrushchov on the question of political power, overcome the influence of the old force of habits left over in people's minds, and help the revolutionary committees achieve ideological and organizational revolutionization.
   The masses are the source of the strength of revolutionary political power. The People's Liberation Army should at all times maintain flesh-and-blood tics with the masses, trust and rely on them, serve the people wholeheartedly and be soldiers who are sons of the people. They should do an excellent job in propaganda and educational work among the masses, put the creative study and application of Chairman Mao's works above all other work, run study classes in Mao Tse-tung's thought well on a wide scale, distinguish strictly between the two kinds of contradictions which are different in nature, be ruthless towards the enemy and kind to their own comrades, develop sustained, deep-going revolutionary mass criticism, and from beginning to end direct their spearhead against the handful of renegades, special agents, diehard capitalist roaders, and the landlords, rich peasants, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements and Rightists who have not reformed themselves — all of whom are represented by China's Khrushchov. They should apply Mao Tse-tung's thought in carrying out patient and careful ideological and political work among the mass organizations which have committed errors, even serious ones, and really live up to Chairman Mao's words: "We must unite with the masses; the more of the musses we unite with, the better."   Once the millions upon millions of the revolutionary masses rally around the proletarian headquarters headed by Chairman Mao and with Vice-Chairman Lin Piao as its deputy leader, our proletarian political power will truly be an impregnable bastion of iron.
   The commanders and fighters who are fighting at the forefront in helping the Left, helping industry and agriculture, exercising military control, and giving military and political training and army representatives in the revolutionary committees should do still better in their creative study and application of Chairman Mao's works and become good examples of revolutionization and of keeping close contact with the masses. They must be modest and prudent, guard against arrogance and rashness, adopt a Marxist dialectical analytical method towards their own work so as to be clear-headed and not lessen their fighting determination or lose their political bearings in the midst of victories and high praise. They must behave correctly towards the masses, protect them and pay particular attention to uniting with those whose views are different from their own. They must continue to learn conscientiously from the working class and from the revolutionary masses and always remain pupils of the masses. They must stick to the mass line of "from the masses, to the masses," respect collective leadership, observe the system of democratic centralism and be models in carrying out Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line.
   The successive victories of the great proletarian cultural revolution and the constant strengthening of the dictatorship of the proletariat in our country have dealt the imperialists, modern revisionists and reactionaries of all countries heavy blows. They ore not reconciled to this. All commanders and fighters of the People's Liberation Army must strengthen their preparedness against war, exercise full vigilance against sabotage, subversion and aggression carried out by class enemies abroad against our proletarian state power, and "go all out and be sure to destroy the enemy intruders."
   To accomplish the great historical mission Chairman Mao has assigned it, the People's Liberation Army should further strengthen its revolutionization. "Without a people's army the people have nothing." "The army is the chief component of stale power." The revolutionization of the army not only determines the nature of the army itself but directly concerns the destiny of our state power.
   According to the new demands of the great proletarian cultural revolution, the People's Liberation Army must better put into effect Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line in all aspects of army building; resolutely carry out Chairman Mao's series of latest instructions; conscientiously carry out Vice-Chairman Lin Piao's policies and principles concerning building the army politically; firmly march along the road of giving first place to proletarian politics; develop the army's glorious traditions: enhance the revolutionary sense of organization and discipline and strengthen solidarity and unity within the army; continue to build the army into one which is boundlessly loyal to Chairman Mao, Mao Tse-tung's thought and Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line; and build it into a great red school of Mao Tse-tung's thought.
   Vice-Chairman Lin Piao has pointed out: "The army has many tasks; all problems can be solved readily if only vigorous efforts are made to study and apply Chairman Mao's works creatively and education in the struggle between the two lines is firmly grasped." Giving first place to proletarian politics means giving first place to the struggle of Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line against the bourgeois reactionary line, studying and applying Chairman Mao's works creatively and with specific problems of the struggle between the two lines in mind, fighting self, repudiating revisionism, remoulding the world outlook and raising the consciousness of the commanders and fighters in class struggle and the struggle between the two lines. Having raised their consciousness in the struggle between the two lines, they intensely hate the handful of capitalist roaders in the Party and the counter-revolutionary revisionist line, and are boundlessly loyal to Chairman Mao and his proletarian revolutionary line. Once the orientation is correct, they are courageous, enthusiastic and creative, and have a sense of organization and discipline and the revolutionary spirit of bearing hardships. Our army thus has the greatest fighting power, and can achieve new deeds of merit in the struggle to consolidate national defence, defend the dictatorship of the proletariat and win all-round victory in the great proletarian cultural revolution.
   By their great practice in the great proletarian cultural revolution, the people of the whole country have enormously deepened their proletarian feelings for the People's Liberation Army. The masses feel from the bottom of their hearts that the most reliable guarantee for our country's security lies in the fact that we have the People's Liberation Army led personally by our great leader Chairman Mao and commanded directly by Vice-Chairman Lin Piao and that our guns are in the hands of such a great people's army.
   The handful of class enemies are quite clear about the position and function of the People's Liberation Army in the dictatorship of the proletariat. Whenever they make ready to sabotage the dictatorship of the proletariat and the newborn revolutionary committees, they always direct their spearhead against the great People's Liberation Army. The attitude towards the People's Liberation Army is the attitude towards the dictatorship of the proletariat. The proletarian revolutionaries and the broad masses of the whole country must at all times have faith in and rely on the People's Liberation Army and back up and support it. They must do still better in responding to Chairman Mao's great call: "They can learn from the Liberation Army, they can learn politics, military affairs, the 'four firsts’ the 'three-eight' working style and the three main rules of discipline and the   eight points for attention 5 and strengthen their sense of organization and discipline." They must never forget that the People's Liberation Army is their own army and they must cherish this Great Wall as they cherish the apple of their eye.
   Tempered in the flames of the great proletarian cultural revolution, the People's Liberation Army has become still stronger. Relations between the army and the people and between the army and the government are closer than ever. Our country's national defence has never been as consolidated as it is today.
   Let us hold aloft the great banner of "support the army and cherish the people" and march forward courageously along Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line towards all-round victory in the great proletarian cultural revolution!
   We are determined to liberate Taiwan! We will surely defeat all reactionaries at home and abroad! We will always be victorious!
   Long live the victory of the great proletarian cultural revolution]
   Long live the victory of Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line!
   Long live the great Chinese People's Liberation Army!
Long live the great Chinese people!
   Long live the great, glorious and correct Chinese Communist Party!
   Long live our great supreme commander Chairman Mao!  A long, long life to him!

(August 1, 1968)

NOTES
1 The 'Tour firsts'' are: First place must be given to man in handling the relationship between man and weapons; to political work in handling the relationship between political and other work; to Ideological work In relation to routine tasks in political work; and in ideological work, to the living ideas in a person's mind as distinguished from ideas in books.
2 The "three-eight" working style Is the fine tradition of the People's Liberation Army summed up by Chairman Mao in three phrases —a firm, correct political orientation; a plain, hard-working style; flexibility in strategy and tactics — plus eight additional Chinese characters which mean: unity, alertness, earnestness, liveliness,
3 "Democracy in the three main fields" means democracy in the political, the economic and the military fields.
4 The "four good" companies means companies which are good in political and ideological work, in the "three-eight" working style, in military training and in arranging their everyday life.
5 The three main rules of discipline are: a) obey orders in all your actions; b) do not take a single needle or piece of thread from the masses; and e) turn In everything captured. The eight points for attention are: a) speak politely; b) pay fairly for what you buy; c) return everything you borrow; d) pay for anything you damage; c) do not hit or swear al people) do not damage-crops; g) do not lake liberties With women; and h) do not ill-treat captives.
  
  
  
  

 
 
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