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 Bring About the Revolutionary Great Alliance in the High Tide of Revolutionary Mass Criticism

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Source: Peking Review, No. 39, September 22, 1967
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


    PUBLICATION of the important article "Comments on Tao Chu's Two Books" by Comrade Yao Wen-yuan served as a bombshell to shatter the handful of top Party persons in authority taking the capitalist road headed by China's Khrushchov. This proclamation against the enemy put forth with such force and sweep has caused the revolutionary campaign of mass criticism to develop in depth throughout China.
  Revolutionary mass criticism is part of Chairman Mao's great strategic plan. It is a driving force for achieving the revolutionary great alliance and the revolutionary "three-in-one" combination and for making a success of the fulfilment of the tasks of struggle-criticism-transformation in all units. It is an important step towards carrying the great proletarian cultural revolution through to the end.
  The situation of the great proletarian cultural revolution is excellent — better than ever before. The most important task at present is to develop in depth the revolutionary campaign of mass criticism and push ahead with the tasks of struggle-criticism-transformation in all units, and the crucial question is to bring about the revolutionary great alliance.
  The revolutionary great alliance represents the fundamental interests of the proletariat and is a fundamental principle of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Tse-tung's thought.
  As early as a century ago, when the proletariat first stepped into the political arena, Marx and Engels in the Communist Manifesto issued the great call: "Workers of the world, unite!"
  Our great leader Chairman Mao has held high the banner of revolutionary great alliance from the very first day of his leadership of the Chinese revolution and has greatly enriched and developed this fundamental concept of Marxism both in theory and in practice.
  Chairman Mao teaches us: "It is only through the unity of the Communist Party that the unity of the whole class and the whole nation can be achieved, and it is only through the unity of the whole class and the whole nation that the enemy can be defeated and the national and democratic revolution accomplished." This was true of the democratic revolution; it is also true of the socialist revolution and of the present great proletarian cultural revolution.
  In his recent instructions Chairman Mao has said: There is no fundamental clash of interests within the working class. Under the dictatorship of the proletariat, there is no reason whatsoever for the working class lo split into two big irreconcilable organizations.
  The working class and all proletarian revolutionaries have common enemies and common revolutionary objectives. Under the dictatorship of the proletariat, the handful of Party people in authority taking the capitalist road headed by China's Khrushchov is the most ferocious and dangerous enemy of the working class, the worst disease in our very vitals. We can thoroughly overthrow them only when we unite, concentrate our fire on the target, carry out the revolutionary mass criticism well and make a success of the struggle-criticism-transformation in all places and units.
  Unity is strength. The working class has every reason to unite under the great banner of Mao Tse-tung's thought and bring about the revolutionary great alliance in the high tide of revolutionary mass criticism.
  Why is it that in some places at present the working class is split into two groups and an alliance has not yet been effected?  There are three main reasons.
  The handful of Party people in authority taking the capitalist road fear the revolutionary great alliance most of all. They will become isolated and will be finished once the working class is united. To evade the criticism, repudiation and struggle of the revolutionary masses, sabotage the work of taking firm hold of the revolution and promoting production, and sabotage the great proletarian cultural revolution, they engage in vicious schemes to create splits within the ranks of the working class.
  The handful of landlords, rich peasants, counterrevolutionaries, bad elements and Rightists are not reconciled to their doom. They will always resort to all kinds of vile tricks to undermine the revolutionary great alliance in a vain attempt to arrive at their criminal object of subverting the dictatorship of the proletariat.
  The working class is the most revolutionary class. Yet it, too, may be influenced by bourgeois and petty-bourgeois ideas; the corrosive effects of anarchism, sectarianism, the small group mentality, and the trend of "doubting everything," as well as other bourgeois and petty-bourgeois ideological trends in society, which emerge in Right or extremely "Left" forms, give rise to the phenomenon of petty-bourgeois sectarianism taking the place of proletarian Party spirit within the ranks of the working class, and this is an obstacle to the revolutionary great alliance.
  Traced to its source, the split Into two groups within the ranks of the working class is an evil outcome of the bourgeois reactionary line carried out by China's Khrushchov.
  Only after these impediments are removed will it be possible to realize the revolutionary great alliance.
  It is worth noticing that at the present time a handful of counter-revolutionaries are putting on an extremely "Left" front and, making use of the petty-bourgeois ideas in our ranks, are vainly conspiring to undermine and split the leadership of the proletarian headquarters headed by Chairman Mao, and to undermine and split the great Chinese Peoples Liberation Army—the mainstay of the dictatorship of the proletariat. The organizers and manipulators of the so-called "May 16" group are one such conspiratorial, counterrevolutionary clique. This counter-revolutionary clique must be thoroughly exposed and smashed.
  Members of the working class should be revolutionaries imbued with Mao Tse-tung's thought: they should strengthen proletarian Party spirit and forge an alliance based on Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line.
Chairman Mao teaches us: The proletariat must emancipate not only itself but mankind as a whole.

Without emancipating mankind as a whole the proletariat cannot achieve its own final emancipation.
     Members of the working class should have this kind of breadth of vision, this insight and largeness of mind; they should be good at uniting with the great majority, especially with those who have disagreed with them, and even with those who have formerly opposed them and have since been proved in practice to be wrong, and form a powerful and great revolutionary army.
  It is an objective reality that there are different levels of political consciousness within the ranks of the working class. This is a kind of contradiction which it is fully possible to solve in accordance with Chairman Mao's principle of unity — criticism and self-criticism— unity.
  The present rising tide of revolutionary mass criticism will inevitably promote the revolutionary great alliance, and the revolutionary great alliance will inevitably cause the revolutionary campaign of mass criticism to grow in depth and create favourable conditions for accomplishing the tasks of struggle-criticism-transformation in all areas and departments.

(Excerpts from "Hongqi" editorial. No. 14.)
  
  
  

 
 
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