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 Peng Teh-huai and His Behind-the-Scenes Boss Cannot Shirk Responsibility for Their Crimes

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Source: Peking Review, No. 35, August 25. 1967

Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


THE "Resolution of the Eighth Plenary Session of the Eighth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China Concerning the Anti-Party Clique Headed by Peng Teh-huai" (excerpts) [see our last issue — P.R. Ed.} has been made public in the midst of the high tide of the revolutionary mass movement launched by the proletarian revolutionaries throughout the country to criticize and repudiate the handful of top Party persons in authority taking the capitalist road. This is of extremely great significance for the complete overthrow of that inveterate counter-revolutionary revisionist Peng Teh-huai, for the thorough demolition of the bourgeois headquarters headed by China's Khrushchov, and for the advance of the current revolutionary mass movement of all-out criticism and repudiation.
   This document was a product of the great victory won at the Eighth Plenary Session of the Eighth Central Committee of the Party in 1959, that is, the Lushan Meeting. That meeting exposed and smashed the criminal scheme of the anti-Party clique headed by Peng Teh-huai to usurp the leadership of the Party, the army and the government and to restore capitalism; it safeguarded the leadership of the Party's Central Committee headed by Chairman Mao, the Party's general line for building socialism, and the socialist cause of the Party and the people.
   Chairman Mao pointed out: "This struggle at Lushan is a class struggle, a continuation of the life-and-death struggle between the two major antagonistic classes — the bourgeoisie and the proletariat — which has gone on all through the socialist revolution in the last ten years."
   Under the wise leadership of our great leader Chairman Mao, the Chinese people, within a short time after the founding of the People's Republic of China, in the main completed the socialist transformation of the means of production. In 1958, Chairman Mao put forward the general line of going all out, aiming high and achieving greater, quicker, better and more economical results in building socialism. This, the only correct Marxist-Leninist line, was put forward by Chairman Mao after summing  up  international and domestic experience in the building of socialism. Under the brilliant guidance of this, general line, the hundreds of millions of Chinese people, with high morale and firm determination, brought about the great leap forward in the national economy and people's communes were formed throughout the countryside.
   The great victories of the general line, the great leap forward and the people's commune movement caused utter panic among all the reactionary forces within the country and abroad, and they put up a desperate resistance. Within the country, landlords, rich peasants, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements. Rightists and all kinds of ghosts and monsters came out into the open in large numbers to stir up trouble. Internationally, there was a big outburst of anti-China hysteria among the imperialists, modern revisionists and reactionaries of various countries. They launched a frantic attack against our Party and the Chinese people. It was precisely at that time that that inveterate Right opportunist Peng Teh-huai mustered his partners like Huang Ke-cheng, Chang Wen-tien and Chou Hsiao-chou and rushed into action. In a planned and organized way and with deliberate intent they viciously attacked the Party, socialism and our great Leader Chairman Mao.
   The so-called letter selling out his views dished up by Pong Teh-huai, the ringleader of the anti-Party clique at the Lushan Meeting, contained an out-and-out counter-revolutionary revisionist programme. Consumed by ambition and completely revealing his renegade nature, Peng Teh-huai desperately opposed the highspeed development of the national economy, the revolutionary mass movement in socialist construction, the carrying through to the end of the socialist revolution on the economic front, the leadership of the Party and the principle of putting politics in command, and Chairman Mao, the very red sun in the hearts of the Chinese people and the revolutionary people of the world.
   The struggle between the proletarian revolutionary line represented by Chairman Mao, and the counterrevolutionary revisionist line of Peng Teh-huai and his partners in the anti-Party clique at the Lushan Meeting was a life-and-death struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie and between the socialist road and the capitalist road. It was a big struggle of vital concern to the future and destiny of our great motherland.
   Peng Teh-huai's anti-Party activity at the Lushan Meeting was by no means accidental, nor was it an isolated incident. It was a wild, desperate onslaught by the dying bourgeoisie against the flourishing socialist cause of the proletariat
   The sinister boss behind this counter-revolutionary attack was none other than the top Party person in authority taking the capitalist road.
   It was this person who at the Lushan Meeting put his utmost efforts into a counter-revolutionary double-dealing tactic, and actively backed Peng Teh-huai's anti-Party activities. After Peng Teh-huai's scheme was exposed, he continued surreptitiously to fan up evil winds and fires, and schemed to tamper with the already prepared summary of the meeting and turn it into an anti-"Left" document directed against Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line. After the Lushan Meeting, he came out into the open, slandering the general line as having been put forward blindly, the great leap forward as being "brought about in a rush" causing "disproportions in the economy," alleging that "the people's communes were set up too early," and "there is danger of disintegration." He even made the absurd assertion that "the Lushan Meeting made a mistake," and that "it was wrong to oppose Right opportunism." Moreover, he energetically boosted the spirit of "Hai Jui," whipped up the evil wind of reversing the correct verdict passed on the Right opportunists and made bitter complaints on behalf of the Right opportunists represented by Peng Teh-huai. He vainly tried to help Peng Teh-huai rise again and resume command of the armed forces, so as to realize his counter-revolutionary restorationist plot of usurping the leadership of the Party, the armed forces and the state.
   All this fully testifies to the fact that the struggle, against Peng Teh-huai's anti-Party clique is in essence a major battle in the long-term test of Strength between the proletarian headquarters and the bourgeois headquarters.
   Peng Teh-huai's anti-Party activities had not only China's Khrushchov as behind-the-scenes boss, they were also supported and encouraged by the Soviet Union's Khrushchov. After Peng Teh-huai came out into the open at the Lushan Meeting, the Soviet Khrushchov blatantly and shamelessly praised him as 'correct," "brave" and as his "best friend." The facts clearly reveal that Peng Teh-huai is a man who maintains illicit relations with a foreign country and who in   co-ordination with the Khrushchovian modern revisionists aims to overthrow the dictatorship of the proletariat in China.
   The Resolution of the Eighth Plenary Session of the Eighth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China points out: "The long-standing anti-Party activities of the Right opportunist anti-Party clique headed by Peng Teh-huai constitute a grave danger to the socialist cause of the Party and the people."
   Peng Teh-huai has never been a Marxist. He is an out-and-out big bourgeois warlord, careerist and conspirator who, with a speculator's mentality of ''investing in a share," wormed his way into the Party and the army. Over the past decades, he has consistently taken the bourgeois reactionary stand and opposed Chairman Mao, the great thought of Mao Tse-tung and the proletarian revolutionary line of Chairman Mao. For a long time, he made use of the positions he had usurped in the Party's Central Committee and the People's Liberation Army to carry out a series of conspiratorial activities for usurping the leadership of the army and he became the agent, within the army, of the bourgeois headquarters headed by China's Khrushchov.
   The Lushan Meeting dug out this time bomb that had been buried in the Party and in the army. This was a serious blow to the bourgeois headquarters headed by China's Khrushchov. It was a great victory for our Party and our people and a great victory for the invincible thought of Mao Tse-tung.
   But, the struggle between the two lines in our Party has not yet been concluded. As Chairman Mao pointed out: "This kind of struggle, it seems, will continue in China and in our Party for at least 20 years and possibly half a century. In short, the struggle will cease only when classes die out completely."
   In the present revolutionary campaign of mass criticism and repudiation, the dragging out of this inveterate counter-revolutionary revisionist Peng Teh-huai into broad daylight for all-out, penetrating criticism, repudiation and struggle by the masses, is an important part of the thorough repudiation of the handful of top Party persons in authority taking the capitalist road who are headed by China s Khrushchov.
   We must develop the thoroughgoing revolutionary spirit of vigorously pursuing the tottering foe and beating the dog in the water, and thoroughly liquidate the lowering crimes of the handful of top Party persons in authority taking the capitalist road, including Peng Teh-huai, in opposing the Party, socialism' and Mao Tse-tung's thought. We must wipe out their pernicious, revisionist influence in every field, repudiate, overthrow and completely discredit them politically, ideologically and theoretically, and carry the great proletarian cultural revolution through to the end.

("Renmin Ribao'' editorial, August 16.)

  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-02-22 02:56 | [楼 主]
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彭德怀及其后台罪责难逃

《人民日报》编辑部

1967.08.16

在全国无产阶级革命派对党内最大的一小撮走资本主义道路当权派开展革命大批判的高潮中,《中国共产党八届八中全会关于以彭德怀为首的反党集团的决议》(摘要),公开发表了。这对于彻底打倒老牌反革命修正主义分子彭德怀,对于彻底摧毁以中国赫鲁晓夫为首的资产阶级司令部,对于推动当前革命大批判的群众运动,有着十分重要的意义。

这个文件,是一九五九年党的八届八中全会,即庐山会议取得伟大胜利的产物。庐山会议,揭露和粉碎了以彭德怀为首的反党集团篡党、篡军、篡政,复辟资本主义的罪恶阴谋,保卫了以毛主席为首的党中央的领导,保卫了党的建设社会主义的总路线,保卫了党和人民的社会主义事业。

毛主席指出:“庐山出现的这一场斗争,是一场阶级斗争,是过去十年社会主义革命过程中资产阶级与无产阶级两大对抗阶级的生死斗争的继续。”

在建国以后的短时期内,我国人民在我们伟大领袖毛主席的英明领导下,基本上完成了生产资料所有制的社会主义改造。一九五八年,毛主席提出了鼓足干劲、力争上游、多快好省地建设社会主义的总路线。这是毛主席总结了国际国内建设社会主义的经验而提出的一条唯一正确的马克思列宁主义的路线。在总路线的光辉照耀下,我国亿万人民斗志昂扬,意气风发,实现了国民经济大跃进和农村人民公社化。

总路线、大跃进、人民公社运动的伟大胜利,引起了国内外一切反动势力的极端恐慌和拚死反抗。在国内,地富反坏右和形形色色的牛鬼蛇神纷纷出笼,兴风作浪。在国际上,帝国主义、现代修正主义和各国反动派反华歇斯底里大发作,向我们党和我国人民发动了疯狂的进攻。就在这个时候,老牌右倾机会主义分子彭德怀,纠集黄克诚、张闻天、周小舟等同伙,慌忙披挂上阵,有组织、有目的、有计划地向党、向社会主义、向我们伟大的领袖毛主席进行了恶毒的攻击。

反党集团头目彭德怀在庐山会议上抛出的所谓的《意见书》,是一个彻头彻尾的反革命修正主义纲领。他野心勃勃,反骨毕露,死命反对国民经济的高速度发展,反对社会主义建设中的革命群众运动,反对把经济战线上的社会主义革命进行到底,反对党的领导和政治挂帅,反对中国和世界革命人民心中最红最红的红太阳毛主席。

在庐山会议上,以毛主席为代表的无产阶级革命路线,同彭德怀等反党集团的反革命修正主义路线之间的斗争,就是无产阶级同资产阶级、社会主义道路同资本主义道路的你死我活的斗争,是关系到我们伟大祖国的前途和命运的一场大搏斗。

彭德怀在庐山会议上的反党活动,不是偶然的、孤立的事件。它是灭亡中的资产阶级向无产阶级欣欣向荣的社会主义事业所作的疯狂的绝望的进攻。

党内头号走资本主义道路的当权派,就是这次反革命进攻的黑后台。

就是他,在庐山会议上大耍反革命两面手法,积极支持彭德怀的反党活动。当彭德怀的阴谋被揭穿以后,他仍然在暗地里煽风点火,阴谋把原来准备的会议纪要篡改为一个反对毛主席无产阶级革命路线的反“左”文件。在庐山会议以后,他又赤膊上阵,污蔑总路线的提出有盲目性,大跃进是“一轰而起”,造成“经济失调”,“人民公社办早了”,“现在发生一种瓦解的危机”。他胡说什么“庐山会议犯了个错误”,“反右是不对的”。他还极力鼓吹“海瑞”精神,大刮“翻案风”,为以彭德怀为代表的右倾机会主义分子鸣冤叫屈,妄图让彭德怀死灰复燃,重掌军权,实现他篡党、篡军、篡国的反革命复辟阴谋。

这一切,都充分说明,同彭德怀反党集团的斗争,实质上是无产阶级司令部和资产阶级司令部长期较量中的一次大战役。

彭德怀的反党活动,不仅有中国的赫鲁晓夫作后台,而且有苏联的赫鲁晓夫撑腰打气。彭德怀在庐山会议上跳出来以后,苏联赫鲁晓夫就公然无耻地吹捧彭德怀是“正确的”、“勇敢的”,是他“最好的朋友”。事实十分清楚,彭德怀就是配合赫鲁晓夫现代修正主义者,颠覆我国无产阶级专政的里通外国分子。

党的八届八中全会决议指出:“以彭德怀为首的右倾机会主义反党集团的由来已久的反党活动,是党和人民的社会主义事业的严重危险。”

彭德怀从来就不是一个马克思主义者,而是一个带着“入股”的投机心理,混入党内、军内的地地道道的资产阶级大军阀,大野心家,大阴谋家。几十年来,他一贯坚持资产阶级反动立场,反对毛主席,反对伟大的毛泽东思想,反对毛主席的无产阶级革命路线。长期以来,他利用自己在党中央和人民解放军中所窃取的地位,进行了一系列篡军的阴谋活动,成为以中国赫鲁晓夫为首的资产阶级司令部在军内的代理人。

庐山会议挖掉了这颗埋在党内、军内的定时炸弹。这是对以中国赫鲁晓夫为首的资产阶级司令部的严重打击,是我们党和人民的伟大胜利,是战无不胜的毛泽东思想的伟大胜利。

但是,我们党内两条路线的斗争并没有就此结束。正象毛主席所指出的:“ 在中国,在我党,这一类斗争,看来还得斗下去,至少还要斗二十年,可能要斗半个世纪,总之要到阶级完全灭亡,斗争才会止息。”

在当前革命的大批判中,把老牌反革命修正主义分子彭德怀揪到光天化日之下,进行群众性的深入的大批判、大斗争,这是彻底批判以中国赫鲁晓夫为首的党内最大的一小撮走资本主义道路当权派的一个重要组成部分。

我们一定要发扬猛追穷寇、痛打落水狗的彻底革命精神,彻底清算包括彭德怀在内的党内最大的一小撮走资本主义道路当权派反党、反社会主义、反毛泽东思想的滔天罪行,彻底肃清他们在各个领域所散布的修正主义流毒,从政治上、思想上、理论上把他们斗倒、斗垮、斗臭,把无产阶级文化大革命进行到底!

(载《人民日报》一九六七年八月十六日,社论)
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-03-26 13:29 | 1 楼
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