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 People's War Is Invincible

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—Commemorating the 30th anniversary of the Chinese people's War of Resistance Against Japan

Source:Peking Review, No, 29, July 14, 1967
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


THIRTY years ago today, Japanese imperialism launched an aggressive war with an all-out attack on China. The Chinese people, led by the Chinese Communist Party and their great leader Chairman Mao, then began an eight-year national revolutionary war on a scale unprecedented in the annals of the world revolution.
   The Chinese people's War of Resistance Against Japan was a great people's war, in which millions upon millions of people took part, personally directed and led by our great supreme commander Chairman Mao. Chairman Mao pointed out: "It is a marvellous spectacle in the annals of war, a heroic undertaking by the Chinese nation, a magnificent and earth-shaking feat."
   The Kuomintang ruling bloc had long followed a policy of non-resistance towards Japanese imperialist aggression. Later it adopted the reactionary policy of being passive in resisting Japan but active in anti-communism.
   At this crucial juncture of life and death for the Chinese nation, the Chinese Communist Party and Chairman Mao mobilized millions upon millions of people and organized a mighty army to fight Japanese aggression. The Eighth Route and New Fourth Armies led by the Chinese Communist Party, advancing to the fronts and penetrating behind the enemy lines, assumed the heavy responsibilities of the anti-Japanese war, established anti-Japanese democratic base areas covering vast territories, fought hard battles and won great victory in the war after eight years of courageous fighting.
   The Chinese people's War of Resistance Against Japan was an important part of the worldwide antifascist war. The Chinese people, by persisting in their War of Resistance and fighting heroically, played a great role in the victory of the world anti-fascist war.
   Tempered in this national revolutionary war, the Chinese people enhanced their revolutionary strength a hundredfold. This laid the foundation for the victory of the later Chinese people's War of Liberation.
   During the period of the War of Resistance Against Japan, Chairman Mao solved with genius, both in theory and in practice, a series of problems concerning people's war, and a series of problems concerning the national democratic revolution led by the proletariat; he creatively and immensely enriched and developed Marxism-Leninism and thus made an inestimable contribution to the cause of the world proletarian revolution of the present era.
   The victory of the Chinese people's War of Resistance Against Japan is a victory for Chairman Mao's theory of people's war, a victory for the invincible thought of Mao Tse-tung.
   Chairman Mao's correct political and military line was the basic guarantee for victory in the anti-Japanese war. It was during the anti-Japanese war period that he drew up the strategic principle of protracted war, worked out a complete set of strategy and tactics for people's war, and put forward the Marxist-Leninist revolutionary line of boldly mobilizing the masses and expanding the people's forces so that, under the leadership of our Party, (hey could defeat the aggressors and build a new China.
   Chairman Mao has pointed out: "The revolutionary war is a war of the masses; it can be waged only by mobilizing the masses and relying on them." "The richest source of power to wage war lies in the masses of the people." In the period of the War of Resistance Against Japan, our Party, acting on Chairman Mao's instructions, mobilized and organized the masses, did propaganda among them and armed them, and brought fully into play the revolutionary enthusiasm of the masses. In the situation when the enemy was superior and we were inferior in strength, our Party persisted in the struggle, step by step changed the balance of strength between the enemy and ourselves and finally won victory in the War of Resistance.
   Chairman Mao has pointed out: "The Chinese revolution is essentially a peasant revolution." "The anti-Japanese war is essentially a peasant war." China's revolution had to take the road of relying on the peasants, establishing rural base areas, encircling the cities from the rural areas and finally capturing the cities. In the period of the War of Resistance Against Japan, our Party followed precisely this road of victory guided by Chairman Mao, adopted a series of correct policies, brought into fullest play the tremendous strength of the peasant masses and, taking the vast rural base areas as our base, constantly wiped out enemy effectives and created a brilliant example of encircling the cities from the rural areas.
   Chairman Mao has pointed out: "Without the broadest united front of the overwhelming majority of the population, it will be impossible" to win victory in China's revolution. "Moreover, this united front must be under the firm leadership of the Communist Party of China. Without the Party's firm leadership, no revolutionary united front can win victory." In the period of the War of Resistance Against Japan, our Party followed Chairman Mao's line and policy, united all forces that could be united, and consolidated and expanded the anti-Japanese national united front. In this united front our Party held to the principles of independence and initiative and of leadership by the proletariat. This question of responsibility for leadership in the Chinese revolution is the linchpin upon which the success or failure of the revolution depends.
   In the course of the struggle against Right and "Left" opportunism, Chairman Mao's revolutionary line paved the way for victory both in the War of Resistance Against Japan and in China's revolution.
   After the national united front against Japan was formed, Wang Ming, who once represented the "Left" opportunist line, became the representative of Right opportunism, namely, capitulationism. He advocated an out-and-out capitulationist line to oppose Chairman Mao's correct line. He surrendered the proletariat's leadership of the national revolutionary war, opposed the bold arousing of the masses, rejected base areas and people's armed forces, but wanted to hand over to Chiang Kai-shek, the representative of the big landlords and the big bourgeoisie, everything of the people.
   Such class capitulationism is, in essence, national capitulationism. If this Right opportunist line had been acted upon, then there would have been no people's war and no victory for the people's war, still less liberation for the whole country.
   Under the brilliant leadership of Chairman Mao, our Party carried out a resolute struggle against this Right opportunist line and made a timely correction of this error so that victory in the war was assured.
   After victory, the top Party person in authority taking the capitalist road dared not launch a people's war, but openly advocated the parliamentary road and demanded that our Party hand the army over to the Kuomintang and become "officials"' in the reactionary Kuomintang government. Had we acted as he recommended we would have been asking the people throughout the country to give as tribute to the Kuomintang reactionaries the fruits of victory gained in the arduous eight-year War of Resistance Against Japan. This would have been out-and-out class capitulationism.
   Chairman Mao also promptly criticized this Right opportunist line, further developed the idea of people's war and led the Chinese people in launching people's war on a still bigger scale. In just over three years, the Kuomintang reactionary regime was overthrown and New China was founded.
   Just as Comrade Lin Piao pointed out in his article '"Long Live the Victory of People's War": "Comrade Mao Tse-tung's theory of people's war has been proved by the long practice of the Chinese revolution to be in accord with the objective laws of such wars and to be invincible. It has not only been valid for China, it is a great contribution to the revolutionary struggles of the oppressed nations and peoples throughout the world."
   Today, Chairman Mao's theory of people's war has spread on an unprecedentedly broad scale throughout the world. People's war is showing ever greater power. History has proved and will continue to prove that people's war is the most effective weapon against U.S. imperialism and its lackeys. The oppressed nations who want to win complete liberation and the people of the various countries throughout the world who want to win complete victory in their wars against aggression can rely only on the strategy and tactics of people's war. No other strategy and tactics will work. The peoples of many countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America have now taken up arms to fight against U.S. imperialism and its lackeys. The war against U.S. aggression and for national salvation waged by the Vietnamese people, in particular, has set another brilliant example of using people's war to hit back at the aggressors and win great victories. More and more oppressed nations and peoples throughout the world will inevitably take the road of armed struggle — from having no arms to taking up arms, from having no knowledge of how to fight to becoming skilled in fighting, from not knowing how to wage people's war to becoming skilful in waging people's war. This is the law of people's revolution, the law of historical development.
   Faced by the revolutionary storms of the people of the world today, U.S.-led imperialism and its lackeys are panic-stricken. In desperate struggles, they are frantically prosecuting policies of aggression and war and using all kinds of tricks in an attempt to suppress the revolution of the peoples of all countries in the world and quench the flames of their armed struggles. The Soviet revisionist clique, catering to the needs of U.S. imperialism, is making all-out efforts to spread every kind of nonsense against people's war. When Kosygin and his ilk cry about a "stop to war"' everywhere throughout the world, and that "war should become a thing of the past throughout the world," they actually want the oppressed nations and peoples to submissively endure imperialist slavery and oppression. In Vietnam, in the Middle East and other places in the world, the Soviet revisionist clique and U.S. imperialism collude in their role of international gendarmes.
   U.S. imperialism, Soviet revisionism and the reactionaries of all countries have staged one act after another recently in their scandalous anti-China Farce. They frantically attack the great Chinese people and the great thought of Mao Tse-tung. This shows that they are afraid of the dissemination of the great thought of Mao Tse-tung among the people of the world, afraid of people's revolution, afraid that the oppressed nations and peoples will lake up arms, afraid of people's war.
   Today, on the 30th anniversary of the Chinese people's War of Resistance Against Japan, we must also take note that Japanese militarism which unleashed the war of aggression against China and brought such catastrophe upon the Chinese people then, is being revived under the aegis of the U.S. imperialists. And the Soviet revisionist clique is openly ganging up with U.S. imperialism to step up collusion With Japanese militarism in building up an anti-China encirclement. Betraying the Japanese people, a handful of Japanese Communist Party revisionists have also joined U.S. imperialism, Soviet revisionism and the reactionaries of all countries in the anti-China chorus. But the Japanese people are more awakened than ever before.  The situation in Asia and throughout the world has undergone a basic change. The might of the Chinese people is incomparably greater. All the plots of U.S. imperialism and its accomplice, the Soviet revisionist clique, to use Japanese militarism to threaten the Chinese people will certainly be shattered.
   Our great leader Chairman Mao has pointed out: "Experience in the class struggle in the era of imperialism teaches us that it is only by the power of the gun that the working class and the labouring masses can defeat the armed bourgeoisie and landlords; in this sense we may say that only with guns can the whole world be transformed.*'
   People's war is a powerful weapon for transforming the world. So long as they grasp the great weapon o? Chairman Mao's theory of people's war, the revolutionary people of the whole world will be able to make themselves invincible and wipe out all such monsters as imperialism, modern revisionism and the reactionaries of all countries.

(A slightly abridged translation of "Renmin Ribao" editorial, July 7.)
  
  
  

 
 
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