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 Armed Violence Against Tyranny: Afro-American Struggle Batters U.S. Imperialism

Source: Peking Review, No. 16, 12 April 1968, p. 21

(Only excerpt, the whole article please read the original journal)


In the United States, the new wave of armed violence staged by the
Afro-Americans against racial oppression on April 4 spread rapidly to
scores of cities, including Washington, New York and Chicago. Crowds
of angry Afro-Americans, men and women, old and young, poured into the
streets, shouting slogans opposing racial discrimination and demanding
Black power. Defying bloody suppression by troops and police, they
trampled underfoot the "law and order" which upholds the interests of
monopoly capital. This scared the wits out of the white racists and
exploiters. Urgent telegrams for help streamed into Johnson's office
from the reactionary authorities of many cities. Johnson was kept on
tenterhooks in the White House.

For the three days ending on April 6, the violent struggle against racial
oppression waged by the Afro-American masses in Washington continued
with great intensity. Filled with great hatred for the white racists'
atrocities, the Black Americans burnt down shops owned by them in the
business centre with petrol and incendiary bottles. In the morning of
April 6 alone, more than 250 of the shops were set ablaze and in some
quarters row after row of buildings went up in flames.

At the same time, courageous Black snipers fired at the spying helicopters
hovering low overhead. The snipers were even active near the heavily
guarded White House and Congress, shooting at the reactionary police
and troops.

In Chicago, the second largest city in the United States, the wave of
the violent struggle against racial oppression swept over the whole
city. By April 6, there had been 1,000 fire alarms in the city. The
fires burnt fiercely in 250 places. Black snipers shot at the troops and
police from the roof tops or from behind doors and windows. As a result,
police cars on night patrols dared not turn their lights on.

In Detroit, the fifth largest city in the United States which last summer
witnessed the biggest Black violent struggle against racial oppression in
American history, the Black masses threw bricks and rocks at cars driven
by white racists and set fire to stores run by white exploiters. Snipers
shot at and wounded two police officers patrolling a ghetto district.

In Baltimore, the sixth largest city of the United States, the Black
masses on April 6 fiercely carried on their violent struggle against
racial oppression for five hours on end. Again and again, crowds of
Black youth demonstrated in the city and set fire to stores run by white
exploiters. Ten policemen were beaten up by the angry Black masses.

Frightened by the Afro-Americans' courageous struggle, the Johnson
Administration has mobilized large numbers of paratroopers and marines
to join the army, police and "National Guards" to carry out bloody
suppression of the Black masses. Up to April 6, 12,500 regulars,
including the 82nd Airborne Division which has taken part in massacring
the Vietnamese people abroad and suppressing popular struggle at home,
had been thrown in. On the 6th alone, two to three thousand Afro-Americans
were reported to have been arrested.

The Afro-Americans' struggle also hit Boston, Memphis, which a week
earlier had just witnessed another Afro-American struggle, Miami,
Birmingham, Jackson and other major cities.

The courageous and stubborn fight by the broad masses of the Black people
in the American cities once again demonstrates their awakening and their
great latent potentiality. Once again, too, the death from white racist
violence of Martin Luther King, the exponent of non-violence, shows
to the Black masses the bankruptcy of the doctrine of non-violence. As
Stokely Carmichael, a young Afro-American leader, has correctly stated:
"What we need now are guns and more guns."

  
  
  

 
 
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