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 The Whole Country Must Be Turned Into a Great School of Mao Tse-tung's Thought

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Source: Peking Review, No. 20, May 12, 1967
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


THE whole country should be turned into a great school for revolutionization — this was the momentous call made by our great leader Chairman Mao to people throughout the country in a letter to Comrade Lin Piao on May 7, 1966. Chairman Mao's "May 7 Directive" [see Peking Review, No. 32, 1966.] is an extremely important document of historic significance, an epoch-making, new development of Marxism-Leninism.
   Turning all fields of work into great schools for revolutionization, where people take part in both industry and agriculture, in military as well as civilian affairs, is an idea consistently held by Chairman Mao.

In the "May 7 Directive," Chairman Mao further pointed out that commanders and fighters of the People's Liberation Army, workers, peasants, students and those working in commerce, in the service trades and in Party and government organizations should all learn politics, military affairs and culture. They should also criticize the bourgeoisie. They should make their own field of work their main activity and should concurrently engage in other activities. Everyone should be trained to become a new communist person with proletarian political consciousness and being developed in an all-round way.
   This illuminating idea of Chairman Mao's has always been diametrically opposed to the revisionist line which the top Party person in authority taking the capitalist road has pushed to aggravate class differentiation, to widen the gap between workers and peasants, between town and countryside and between mental and manual labour and to plot for bringing about a restoration of capitalism.
   This brilliant directive of Chairman Mao's clearly shows the way forward for China's great proletarian cultural revolution and is a powerful ideological weapon for accomplishing the great historic task of struggling against and overthrowing those persons in authority taking the capitalist road, criticizing and repudiating the reactionary bourgeois academic "authorities" and the ideology of the bourgeoisie and of all other exploiting classes, and transforming all parts of the superstructure which do not correspond with the socialist economic base.
   In the storm of the great proletarian cultural revolution, our 700 million people have advanced along the navigation route so brilliantly lit up by Chairman Mao's "May 7 Directive," made use of the invincible, sharp weapon of Mao Tse-tung's thought and become courageous critics of the old world. Many previously unnoticed "nobodies" and many working people with rough hands now concern themselves with affairs of state, directing their attention to what is happening in the country, and meting out praise and censure in their writings. They are criticizing and repudiating the handful of Party persons in authority taking the capitalist road and the bourgeois reactionary line pursued by them, the reactionary bourgeois academic "authorities" of all stripes and the ideology of all exploiting classes. We are glad to see that a generation of new communist people is rapidly growing up in the course of this mass criticism and repudiation of an unprecedented scope.
   At present, tremendous victories have been won in the great movement of the broad revolutionary masses to criticize and repudiate the bourgeoisie. But we must realize that the mass criticism and repudiation of the handful of top Party persons in authority taking the capitalist road, the mass struggle against them and the complete elimination of the evil effects brought about by their bourgeois reactionary line in all spheres over a long period is a great revolution of tremendous depth and scope, one that touches all people to their very souls.
   In order to win complete victory in this struggle we must act in accordance with Chairman Mao's teachings, mobilize all P.L.A. commanders and fighters, workers, peasants, students and those working in commerce, in the service trades and in Party and government organizations, bring into play all positive factors that can be brought into play, concentrate our fire on the main target and plunge into the struggle with all our might and main.
   Chairman Mao teaches us that people in every field of work should study politics. At the present time, the most important political activity is the thoroughgoing refutation, discrediting, criticism and repudiation of the handful of top Party persons in authority taking the capitalist road and their bourgeois reactionary line. This is the best practical action for carrying out Chairman Mao's "May 7 Directive." Any move to distract attention from the target, direct the spearhead of attack downwards, fight unprincipled "civil war," and even resort to force, thereby shifting the target of attack, is extremely wrong.
   Chairman Mao's "May 7 Directive" is the weapon for and also shows the way for struggle, criticism, repudiation and transformation. We should act in line with it and, according to different specific conditions, transform education, literature and art, and all other parts of the superstructure not in correspondence with the socialist economic base and thus consolidate and develop the socialist system.
   In order to transform all parts of the superstructure which do not correspond with the socialist economic base and to turn the whole country into a great school of Mao Tse-tung's thought, a basic question in places where power should be seized is to establish a provisional revolutionary "three-in-one" organ of power, to introduce an entirely new organizational form of the organs of the dictatorship of the proletariat.
   In accordance with the spirit of Chairman Mao's "May 7 Directive," provisional organs of power at various levels established by the proletarian revolutionaries after their seizure of power should be highly proletarianized and militant and identified with the masses. If only the signboard is changed while the old set of practices are preserved, the great proletarian cultural revolution will suffer setbacks.
   In accordance with the spirit of Chairman Mao's "May 7 Directive," all those who take part in the "three-in-one" leading body should be revolutionized in thinking, in their work and in their style of work and living. They are, at the same time, committee members, representatives and ordinary working people. They must heed Chairman Mao's words: "Serve the people wholeheartedly and never for a moment divorce ourselves from the masses." If they become divorced from the masses, from physical labour and from their own positions, they are in danger of no longer representing anyone.
   In accordance with the spirit of Chairman Mao's "May 7 Directive," all proletarian revolutionary fighters, especially those who take part in a "three-in-one" provisional organ of power, must maintain their good working style of hard struggle and the qualities of the working people. It is very dangerous if they are happy about sitting in an office, showing off. and vying with one another in extravagance and formalistic practices.
   In a word, we must act in the spirit of Chairman Mao's "May 7 Directive," engage in industry and agriculture and in civilian as well as military affairs. We must be able to work both at the top or down below and always be faithful servants of the people.
   The People's Liberation Army is a great people's army personally founded and led by Chairman Mao and under the direct command of Comrade Lin Piao. and it is a great school of Mao Tse-tung's thought. Under the guidance of Chairman Mao's brilliant thought, this army concurrently engages in military activities and does production and mass work: it is a fighting force and at the same time a working force. As Chairman Mao has pointed out: The People's Liberation Army has done this for decades; but now this tradition should be further developed.
   During the great proletarian cultural revolution, the People's Liberation Army has resolutely carried out Chairman Mao's wise policy decision that it should actively support the revolutionary Left, aid industry and agriculture, exercise military control and help in military and political training. Thus, in practice, the army has combined military affairs with study and with agriculture, industry and civilian affairs. It uses the all-illuminating thought of Mao Tse-tung to do propaganda work among the masses and arm and organize them. It attaches the utmost importance to trusting the masses and relying on them, and it gives all-out support to the proletarian revolutionaries in their struggle. It is bringing its fine tradition of giving prominence to proletarian politics into all spheres of work in our country and has greatly promoted the revolutionization of the thinking of proletarian revolutionaries and the broad masses. It has helped immensely to turn factories, rural areas, Party and government organizations, colleges and schools and all fields of work into great schools of Mao Tse-lung*s thought, further strengthened its ties with the masses and is still belter supported and loved by them. The People's Liberation Army is a model in carrying out the momentous call in Chairman Mao's "May 7 Directive.'" It is an example for proletarian revolutionaries and the broad masses all over the country to emulate.
   In accordance with the great instructions made all along by Chairman Mao, the People's Liberation Army is actively assisting the localities in military and political training. This is not only of tremendous historic significance for promoting our country's socialist revolution and socialist construction but is also of immense strategic importance for opposing any war of aggression which might be launched on us by the imperialists, modern revisionists and the reactionaries of all countries, for strengthening our national defence and for carrying out the idea of people's war.
   We must have the lofty aspirations of the proletariat dare to blaze new trails and carry out great undertakings never attempted by our forefathers. We must hold high the bright red banner of Mao Tse-tung's thought, build the whole country into a great school of Mao Tse-tung's thought and turn it into an impregnable state of the proletariat that will never change colour. When such a thriving situation pertains in socialist China — a country with one-fourth of the world's population — we will be able to make a greater internationalist contribution.
   Our goal must be attained. Our goal can certainly be attained.

("Renmin Ribao" editorial, May 7.)

  
  
  

 
 
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