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 Top Party Person in Authority Taking the Capitalist Road Is Mortal Foe of Working Class

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— Accusations by Revolutionary Workers and Cadres of the Tientsin No. 3 Woollen Textile Mill and P.L.A. Men Helping Industry There

Source: Peking Review, No. 17, April 21, 1967
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

REVOLUTIONARY workers and cadres of the Tientsin No. 3 Woollen Textile Mill and the P.L.A. cadres and fighters helping industry there, using the invincible thought of Mao Tse-tung as their weapon and out of their own personal experiences, sternly exposed and denounced the monstrous crimes of the top Party person in authority taking the capitalist road who visited the Tungya Woollen Textile Mill — the predecessor of the present mill — in 1949 and loudly championed the capitalist road. They angrily pointed out that what this Khrushchov of China loves is the bourgeoisie and what he hates is the proletariat. What he fosters is capitalism and what he opposes is socialism. He relies on the capitalists and attacks the workers. He advocates that '"exploitation has its merits" and "to rebel is not justified" and denies that "exploitation is a crime" and "to rebel is justified." He is on no account a "veteran revolutionary," but a pseudo-revolutionary, a counter-revolutionary!
   Veteran worker Chai Wen-yu, who became a child-labourer for the capitalists at 15, said indignantly at a forum:
   "In April 1949, when Tientsin had just been liberated, class struggle was very sharp and the top Party person in authority taking the capitalist road —he who bragged that he was 'if not the No. 1 at least the No. 2' 'important person' in China — came to 'inspect' our mill. As soon as he arrived, he went straight to the office of the big capitalist for a private conference.
    
When they had talked enough and showed their mutual love and respect enough, he came out, accompanied by the big capitalist, and haughtily received the representatives of the workers and the military representative. What's even more intolerable was that when the military representative exposed many facts about how this capitalist sabotaged production, cruelly exploited the workers and treacherously suppressed the workers' movement, this self-styled 'veteran revolutionary1 gave the military representative a dressing-down on behalf of the capitalist! He also shamelessly fawned upon the capitalist, saying: You are providing the workers with a living; the more factories you build, the more workers you exploit, the better. Here spoke a real spokesman of the bourgeoisie!"
   Team leader Chao Chi-ting of the spinning room, another veteran worker, said: "It's quite true that the top Party person in authority taking the capitalist road loves, thinks, and talks of nothing but capitalism. He and big capitalist Sung Fei-ching of our mill were as thick as thieves. Before liberation, this Sung had written an article called 'My Dream," in which he said that his ambition was to 'develop' his factory, with about a thousand workers at that time, into ten big enterprises employing tens of thousands of workers, and that he aspired to build a satellite town in Tientsin's western suburbs named after him. What he wanted, of course, was to shut generation after generation of workers in it to be his slaves and be subjected to his exploitation."
   "When the top Party person in authority taking the capitalist road discovered that they were brothers of the same 'dream,' he praised him greatly and told him to open up more and more factories. This person also said that when socialism arrives, the state will ask this capitalist to run 16 factories and will increase his salary. Sung Fei-ching, out of his mind with joy, said later: 'My ideal of expanding the enterprise is a dream that I've had for many long years. It is coming true only today!' A few days later, he wrote to that person saying that he was going to expand production and open new factories. That person wrote back saying that the news gave him 'great pleasure.' Just imagine! The 'socialism' of that person fell in exactly with the 'dream' of the big capitalist! And how well his 'pleasure' fit in with the frenzied attacks of the capitalist!"
   Veteran worker Chiu Lien-chi of the combing room and a Communist Party member, said: "The top Party person in authority taking the capitalist road always looked down on us workers. He lauded the bourgeoisie to the skies. He even talked such nonsense as 'in the cities, it's production that counts. The capitalists have more knowledge than us, than the workers. They hold a very high position in city production.' He even praised Sung Fei-ching, this faithful slave of the imperialists, this reactionary capitalist, as 'enlightened,' 'progressive,' and a man who 'serves the people.' But a wolf is always a wolf. This capitalist Sung Fei-ching, with the nature of a wolf, would not change. Not satisfied with drinking our blood, he plotted to betray our country and go over to the enemy. We fought him 'bitterly, but the top Party person in authority taking the capitalist road protected him, and enabled him to swindle huge loans from the state and foreign currency with which he fled abroad."
   "Was the mill closed down after the capitalist ran away? No, it was not. On the contrary, guided by the infinitely bright light of Mao Tse-tung's thought, we workers have made this mill run better and better. It is now mechanized, the variety of products has been increased and output has been raised many times. Facts have proved that once the workers have grasped Mao Tse-tung's thought, they will become most wise and most intelligent. We of the working class are running socialist factories and other enterprises by relying on Mao Tse-tung's thought and it is only by relying on the working class that socialism can be built. When the top Party person in authority taking the capitalist road advocates reliance on capitalists, he wants to let the capitalists sit once again on the backs of us workers and ride roughshod over us, We will absolutely not tolerate this."
   Chou Yu-chin, a P.L.A. armyman, said: "Our great leader Chairman Mao teaches us that: 'In a society rent by class struggle, if there is freedom for the exploiting classes to exploit the working people, there is no freedom for the working people not to be exploited.' But the top Parly person in authority taking the capitalist road ignores the historical facts and slanders the working people. He denies that there is class struggle and openly opposes Chairman Mao. He rattles on that 'the labouring people are not against exploitation; on the contrary, they welcome it' Is this true? Absolutely not!"
   "Before I joined the army, I was a worker in this mill in Tientsin. My father was also a worker in this mill before liberation. We understand very well the meaning of exploitation and the meaning of revolution. In pre-liberation days, the workers in the former Tungya Mill struggled under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party against the capitalists. They went on strike more than once to oppose exploitation. In 1946, they staged a mammoth strike against the ruthless exploitation by the capitalists. The latter collaborated with the Kuomintang regime which sent a large number of armed men to suppress the workers. But the workers persisted in their struggle and finally won. Doesn't this illustrate the fact that where there is exploitation and oppression there is resistance and struggle? If the workers 'welcome exploitation.' how can one account for the workers' strikes? This top Party person in authority taking the capitalist road speaks entirely for the capitalists. lie tries to drive us back again to living like beasts of burden and subject us to exploitation. We firmly oppose this."
   Tien Wei-fang, an old worker in the power room, said: "When Tientsin was just liberated, the workers said: the sunlight of Chairman Mao shines in the Tungya Mill and we workers are now emancipated and become the masters! The top Party person in authority taking the capitalist road, however, instead of backing us up, asked us not to 'make trouble' but to listen to the advice of the company and to have faith in capitalist Sung Fei-ching who was manager as well."
   "In times of hard struggle, workers in the former Tungya Mill followed Chairman Mao's teaching that 'to rebel is justified' and launched a tit-for-tat struggle against the capitalists in which we smashed all the mill's 'rules and regulations' — the shackles fettering the workers! The top Party person in authority taking the capitalist road by bare-faced lying slanders the workers' revolutionary actions as 'making trouble.' What if we insist on 'making trouble?' We are determined to 'make trouble'! We workers are born 'trouble-makers' against the capitalists! We are determined to put the rule of the capitalists into complete disorder and 'make trouble* against the top Party person in authority taking the capitalist road till he is overthrown, discredited and removed from his post!"
  

  
  
  

 
 
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