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 Representative Conference of Peking Revolutionary Workers and Staff

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Source: Peking Review, No. 14, March 31, 1967
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


A REPRESENTATIVE Conference of Poking Revolutionary Workers and Staff was held successfully on March 22 in the magnificent Great Hall of the People. The 10,000 people present hailed the triumphant joining of forces of the proletarian revolutionaries in Peking's industrial and mining enterprises under the great red banner of Mao Tse-lung's thought. It was a conference of the great alliance of proletarian revolutionaries, a conference of unity and of struggle. It was a conference to pledge resolute implementation of Chairman Mao's great policy of "taking firm hold of the revolution and promoting production." It was a conference to mobilize all revolutionary workers and staff to beat back the new counter-attack of the bourgeois reactionary line, to deal crushing blows against the adverse current aiming at a counter-revolutionary restoration of capitalism, and to carry the great proletarian cultural revolution through to the end.
   Comrade Chou En-lai, Standing Committee Member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist, Party and Premier of the State Council, extended warm congratulations and gave important instructions on behalf of the great leader Chairman Moo and his close comrade-in-arms Comrade Lin Piao, on behalf of the Party's Central Committee, the State Council, the Military Commission of the Party's Central Committee and the Cultural Revolution Group Under the Party's Central Committee.
   Among those who came to the conference to offer warm congratulations were Comrade Chen Po-ta, Standing Committee Member of the Political Bureau of the Party's Central Committee and Leader of the Cultural Revolution Group Under the Party's Central Committee; Comrade Kang Sheng, Standing Committee Member of the Political Bureau of the Party's Central Committee and Adviser to the Cultural Revolution Group Under the Party's Central Committee; Comrade Yen Chien-ying, Member of the Political Bureau of the Party's Central Committee and Vice-Chairman of the Military Commission of the Party's Central Committee; Comrade Hsieh Fu-chih, Alternate Member of the Political Bureau of the Party's Central Committee and Vice-Premier of the State Council; Comrade Hsiao Hua, Member of the Party's Central Committee, Deputy Leader of the Cultural Revolution Group Under the Military Commission of the Party's Central Committee and Director of the General Political Department of the Chinese People's Liberation Army; Comrade Yang Cheng-wu, Alternate Member of the Party's Central Committee and Acting Chief of the General Staff of the Chinese P.L.A.; Comrade Chiang Ching, First Deputy Leader of the Cultural Revolution Group Under the Party's Central Committee; and members of the Cultural Revolution Group. Comrade Chen Po-ta also spoke at the conference.
   Comrade Chou En-lai said in his speech: This Representative Conference of Peking Revolutionary Workers and Staff is being held today in the capital, the heart of the great proletarian cultural revolution led by Chairman Mao. This is a great and joyous event. This conference is of tremendous significance for promoting the great alliance of Peking's proletarian revolutionaries, for preparing for the setting up of the revolutionary "three-in-one" provisional organ of power, and for taking firm hold of the revolution and promoting production. I warmly congratulate you on the success of your conference. He pointed out: Industry is the leading factor in the national economy of our socialist motherland. The working class is the leading force among the people of our country. The Party's Central Committee has recently written a letter to the revolutionary workers and staff and revolutionary cadres in industrial and mining enterprises throughout the country, calling on them to become the most outstanding models in taking firm hold of the revolution and promoting production. This shows how highly the Party's Central Committee regards the strength and role of the working class. We are very happy to see your enthusiastic response to this call from the Party's Central Committee.
   Comrade Chou En-lai stressed: At the present time the great proletarian cultural revolution is entering the stage in which the proletarian revolutionaries arc forming great alliances to seize power from the handful of Party people in authority taking the capitalist road. The class struggle is being waged under very acute and complicated circumstances. We hope, dear workers and staff member comrades, that you will heighten your revolutionary vigilance, form a great revolutionary alliance, uphold the policy of the revolutionary "three-in-one"' combination and resolutely beat back the adverse current aiming at a counter-revolutionary restoration of capitalism. The handful of Party people in authority taking the capitalist road must not be allowed to stage a come-back. The bourgeois reactionary line must not be allowed to make counter-attacks. Those persons who were removed from office in the "four clean-ups" movement must not be allowed to counterattack in revenge. The landlords, rich peasants, counterrevolutionaries, bad elements, Rightists and reactionaries from other exploiting classes must not be allowed to be unruly either in word or deed. We must resolutely carry the great proletarian cultural revolution through to the end.
   Comrade Chou En-lai said: It is now the rush season for spring farming. Our peasant brothers have mobilized themselves with a sense of urgency and plunged themselves into the upsurge of spring farming. You, our worker brothers, should make an even greater effort to go all out, aim high, take firm hold of the revolution, promote production, support agriculture and do your utmost to fulfil and overfulfil the state plans. We hope that you will abide by the regulations laid down by the Party's Central Committee, strictly observe labour discipline, remain at your work posts, uphold the eight-hour work day. ensure the quality of product's and put up a struggle against any unhealthy tendencies towards slacking off in regard to the quality of products and wasting of state property.
   Comrade Chou En-lai pointed out with special emphasis: Chairman Mao has called on the People's Liberation Army to give support not only to the masses of the Left and to agriculture but also to industry. The People's Liberation Army has sent cadres to some of Peking's industrial and transport enterprises to help you. This is a very important measure. It is highly significant for ensuring the successful carrying through of the great proletarian cultural revolution and for maintaining order in production. The People's Liberation Army founded by Chairman Mao and led directly by Lin Piao, the deputy supreme commander, is a fighting force, a propaganda force and a work force. It is a pace-setter in the creative study and application of Chairman Mao's works. The fact that you have their support shows that you enjoy the greatest concern and support of Chairman Mao and the Party's Central Committee. We hope that you will do a good job of learning from them and co-operate with them.
   In closing, Comrade Chou En-lai called on the revolutionary workers and staff to hold still higher the great red banner of Mao Tse-tung's thought, give prominence to proletarian politics, study well the "three constantly read articles" (Serve the People, In Memory of Norman Bethune and The Foolish Old Man Who Removed Ike Mountains), study and apply Chairman Mao's works and the quotations from Chairman Mao in a creative way, making strenuous efforts in their application. He called on them to form step by step a great alliance of proletarian revolutionaries on the basis of whole trades, departments and units. And finally he called on them to follow resolutely the proletarian revolutionary line represented by Chairman Mao, firmly oppose the bourgeois reactionary line and strive for a rich harvest in both the great proletarian cultural revolution and industrial production.
   In his speech Comrade Chen Po-ta said: It is of great significance that you have convened this Representative Conference of Workers and Staff in the midst of the great proletarian cultural revolution, in the capital where Chairman Mao, the great leader of the proletariat, lives and where the great proletarian cultural revolution initiated by him has its centre. This is a promise that our great proletarian cultural revolution will win complete victory! We hope that our worker comrades will have a thorough discussion of the ten-point regulations on taking firm hold of the revolution and promoting production laid down by the Party's Central Committee and of the recent letter from the Party's Central Committee to the revolutionary workers and staff and revolutionary cadres in industrial and mining enterprises throughout the country, and that you will carry out to the letter all the directives given by Chairman Mao and the Party's Central Committee In these documents. Taking firm hold of the revolution is the motive force for promoting production. Only by taking a firm hold of the revolution and revolutionizing people's thinking can we give a powerful impetus to the growth of production.
   Comrade Chen Po-ta stressed: In the course of the great cultural revolution, the struggle between the two lines — the proletarian revolutionary line represented by Chairman Mao and the bourgeois reactionary line -is a very sharp one. Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line has won a great victory and is going from victory to victory; the bourgeois reactionary line has met with a disastrous defeat and is meeting one disastrous defeat after another. The outlook before us is bright and an excellent situation faces us! Of course, the handful of Party people in authority taking the capitalist road wilt not step down from the stage of history of their own accord. A very small number of people clinging to the bourgeois reactionary line have gone in for economism in a big way in a vain attempt to sabotage the great proletarian cultural revolution and disrupt socialist production. There is now an adverse current aiming at a capitalist restoration. The working class must unite and beat back this adverse current of counter-revolutionary restoration.
   Comrade Chen Po-ta pointed out: We have confidence in the dauntless heroism of our worker comrades. With wisdom inspired by the great thought of Mao Tse-tung, you worker comrades will certainly make a great contribution to the people of our country as well as to the international proletariat and revolutionary people of the various countries by taking firm hold of the revolution and promoting production. We hope you worker comrades will forge ahead steadily in further realizing the great revolutionary alliance of your own class. We hope you worker comrades will unite still more closely with the poor and lower-middle peasants, and with all the working people and revolutionary intellectuals! You must strictly observe socialist labour discipline, destroy the concept of self-interest, foster devotion to the public interest, and bring into full play the enthusiasm and creativeness of collective labour. Worker comrades armed with Mao Tse-tung's thought should vigorously establish the supremacy of Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line and utterly destroy the bourgeois reactionary line in the course of the great proletarian cultural revolution. All this will bring into being new wonders which up till now have been undreamed of but which fully conform to the laws of the development of history! Worker comrades, your victories are the victories of our great homeland, and of the proletariat of the whole world.   They are victories for Mao Tse-tung's thought!
   Thunderous applause greeted the adoption of a letter saluting Chairman Mao. All present gave the joyous cheer: "Long live Chairman Mao! A long, long life to him!" The letter said: "Respected and beloved Chairman Mao, it is you who led us to overthrow the rule of the three great enemies and become masters of our own country. It is you who are leading us in smashing the schemes for restoring capitalism being nursed by the handful of Party people in authority taking the capitalist road, and thereby ensuring that our socialist state will never change its political colour. It is you who have dispelled the dense fog and guided our course. We cherish for you boundless, ardent love and we have boundless faith in you; you have our boundless esteem and loyalty. We dare to scale a mountain of swords and plunge into a sea of fire in order to defend you, your brilliant thought and your proletarian revolutionary line. Our red hearts, hearts of the working class, will be for ever loyal to you no matter how great the storm and stress."
   The conference also adopted a resolution (see below).
   Speeches were made by representatives of proletarian revolutionaries from a number of Peking industrial enterprises, representatives of the poor and lower-middle peasants in the Peking area, of the Peking Garrison Command of the People's Liberation Army, of the Red Guards of the city's universities and colleges and of the Red Guards of middle schools. They warmly greeted the convening of the conference.
   The conference unanimously endorsed the list of members of the Committee of Peking Revolutionary Workers and Staff and of its standing committee and the list of delegates to the Peking Municipal Revolutionary Committee which is about to bo established. The conference announced that pending the founding of the Congress of Peking Revolutionary Workers and Staff, the Representative Conference of Peking Revolutionary Workers and Staff is the highest organ of power of all the organizations of revolutionary workers and staff in the city.
   Comrade Wu Teh and other leading cadres from the Peking Municipality attended the conference.
  



Resolution Adopted by Representative Conference Of Peking Revolutionary Workers and Staff

Source: Peking Review, No. 14, March 31, 1967
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


ON March 22, the Representative Conference of Poking Revolutionary Workers and Staff adopted a resolution. It pointed out that the glorious task of the conference was to mobilize the revolutionary workers and staff of the factories, mines and other enterprises in Peking to heighten their great sense of responsibility as masters of the country, resolutely respond to Chairman Mao's great call and to the great call of the Party's Central Committee to carry the great proletarian cultural revolution through to the end, and fully utilize the positive factors mobilized by the great cultural revolution to make even bigger efforts to go all out, aim high and bring about a new upsurge in "taking firm hold of the revolution and promoting production."
   The resolution stated: In only a few months, tremendous changes have taken place in Peking's industry, communications and transport, municipal construction, finance and trade and other fields. An excellent and inspiring revolutionary situation has emerged. However, the class struggle in the factories, mines and other enterprises is still very sharp. A handful of Party people in authority taking the capitalist road and landlords, rich peasants, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements and Rightists who have wormed their way into the factories, mines and other enterprises are using every means to sow dissension and stir up trouble in order to disrupt production, launch a retaliatory counter-attack, and undermine the great proletarian cultural revolution. In face of the serious class struggle, we must not slacken our vigilance and relax our militancy.
   The great proletarian cultural revolution personally initiated and led by Chairman Mao is the greatest revolution of the sixties of the 20th century, the resolution pointed out. Its aim is to seize power from the handful of Party people in authority taking the capitalist road, to consolidate the dictatorship of the proletariat and to prevent a capitalist restoration. This revolution will determine the fate of the state under the proletarian dictatorship and the fate of the revolutionary cause of the proletariat and the oppressed nations of the whole world. It has opened up a new epoch in the history of the international communist movement.
   The resolution declared: We the working class are the leading force in the great proletarian cultural revolution. Along with the poor and lower-middle peasants, we must unite with all revolutionary forces to carry the great proletarian cultural revolution through to the end: this is our bounden duty.
   We should become models in resolutely carrying out the proletarian revolutionary line represented by Chairman Mao and in criticizing and repudiating the bourgeois reactionary line. The proletarian revolutionary line represented by Chairman Mao has already achieved great victory, while the bourgeois reactionary line has met with disastrous defeat. But we must be soberly aware of the fact that in our country the bourgeois reactionary line has its social basis; there are still class forces which uphold and carry out this line. This refers, in the main, to the handful of Party people in authority taking the capitalist road, the landlords, rich peasants, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements and Rightists, and people who have not effectively remoulded their world outlook. Therefore, to criticize and repudiate the bourgeois reactionary line and eliminate its poisonous influence remains a long-term and arduous task; it constitutes a grave political struggle.
   No matter what dangers beset the road of our advance, we the working class will always follow Chairman Mao in making revolution, resolutely support the correct leadership of Vice-Chairman Lin Piao, who is Chairman Mao's closest comrade-in-arms, and resolutely support the correct leadership of the Cultural Revolution Group Under the Party's Central Committee. We the working class will resolutely rebel to the end against anyone who opposes our great leader Chairman Mao, opposes the invincible thought of Mao Tse-tung, or the proletarian revolutionary line represented by Chairman Mao.
   Chairman Mao and the Party's Central Committee hope that we will become "models In firmly carrying out the Decision of the Party's Central Committee Concerning the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution," "models in the struggle against the handful of persons in the Party who are in authority and taking the capitalist road," and "models in bringing about the great revolutionary alliance and in opposing 'small group' mentality, anarchism, the tendency to grab the limelight, economism and selfishness." We the working class will certainly do so.
   The resolution went on: The great proletarian cultural revolution is a powerful motive force for the development of the social productive forces of our country. We the working class are the leading force in socialist construction. In the present stage, under the new conditions of the great proletarian cultural revolution, we should become outstanding models for the labouring masses of the whole country in "taking firm hold of the revolution and promoting production," and rapidly bring about a new upsurge in production. Towards this end, attention must be paid to the following points and they should be earnestly carried out:
   1. Exert even greater efforts to go all out, aim high and fulfil and overfulfil the state plans for production and construction.
   2. Establish and improve the frontline command in production. Wherever there is the need to seize power in Peking's factories, mines and other enterprises, the masses should be mobilized to do TO and to !*et up a "three-in-one" provisional organ of power which is revolutionary and representative and has proletarian authority. This should lead both the revolution and production. Such a provisional organ of power should have a strong system of command for production to firmly take charge of productive work.
   3. Strengthen proletarian labour discipline. All revolutionary Peking workers and staff should follow the regulations laid down by the Party's Central Committee in firmly upholding the eight-hour work day and in observing labour discipline in an exemplary way. They should devote themselves actively to the great proletarian cultural revolution in non-working hours.
   4. Practise economy in carrying out the revolution. As a general rule, staff members of workers' organizations should not be detached from production. Administrative and non-productive expenses should be cut to a minimum. Revolutionary workers and staff of Peking must continue to wage uncompromising struggle against counter-revolutionary economism and resolutely defend the socialist economy.
   5. Carry out technical innovations and technical revolution, catch up with or surpass advanced world levels of technology.
   6. Reform the system of management. We must thoroughly reform the revisionist system of management and the overstaffed bureaucratic set-ups established by the counter-revolutionary revisionist clique of the former Peking Municipal Party Committee in many Peking factories, mines and other enterprises. A socialist management system and set-up must be re-established.
   7. Learn from and closely co-operate with the People's Liberation Army. We must sincerely learn from the People's Liberation Army. We must learn from their valuable experience in holding high the great red banner of Mao Tse-tung's thought, giving prominence to proletarian politics, and taking firm hold of ideological revolutionization. We must learn from their noble quality of serving the people wholeheartedly. We must learn from their revolutionary spirit of surmounting every difficulty and fearing no sacrifice and their fine tradition of plain living and hard work.
   8. Strengthen the proletarian dictatorship. We must heighten our vigilance and not permit landlords, rich peasants, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements and Rightists who have sneaked into the factories to be unruly in word or deed.
   In conclusion, the resolution said: With redoubled ardour, we should actively promote the mass movement among the workers and staff to creatively study and apply Chairman Mao's works and to bring this movement to a new stage. New and higher achievements should be made in the study of Chairman Mao's works. Factories, mines and other enterprises should be turned into great schools of Mao Tse-tung's thought through the great cultural revolution. We will plant the great red banner of Mao Tse-tung's thought over every Peking factory, mine and enterprise, and over every inch of ground in Peking.
  
  
  

 
 
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