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 Let the Militia Play Its Full Role in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution

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Source: Peking Review, No. 13, March 24, 1967
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org

  Following are excerpts from the "Jiefangjun Bao" (Liberation Army Daily) editorial of March 16.— Ed.

    THE building of a powerful militia is a standing strategic concept of Chairman Mao, our great supreme commander. On many occasions since the founding of the People's Republic of China, he has directed us to build militia divisions in a big way and to turn all the people into soldiers. He has given instructions that the work of the militia must be put on a solid basis organizationally, politically and militarily. At all times and in all circumstances, we must unswervingly carry out these instructions.
  The great proletarian cultural revolution has now entered a key stage in which the proletarian revolutionaries are waging a struggle to seize power from the handful of persons in the Party who are in authority and taking the capitalist road. In the course of this sharp and complicated class struggle, the work of the militia has become more and not less important; its tasks have become heavier and not lighter; and its role has become greater and not smaller. Militiamen and women throughout the country should firmly follow the proletarian revolutionary line represented by Chairman Mao and play their role fully in the great proletarian cultural revolution in accordance with Chairman Mao's repeated instructions and the demands which the Military Commission of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party has put forward in line with Chairman Mao's instructions, that, is, to take firm hold of the revolution and promote preparedness against war, promote work and production.
  Our great leader Chairman Mao has pointed out recently that in those places and organizntions where power needs to be seized, the policy of the revolutionary "three-in-one" combination must be carried out in establishing a provisional organ of power that is revolutionary and representative and has proletarian authority. This organ of power should preferably be called a revolutionary committee. The editorial entitled "On the Revolutionary Three-in-One” Combination" in issue No. 5, 1967 of the journal Hongqi points out: "At various levels, in those departments where power must be seized, representatives of the armed forces or of the militia should take part in forming the 'three-in-one' combination. This should be done in factories and rural areas, in financial, trading, cultural and educational departments (universities, middle schools and primary schools), in Party and government organizations and in people's organizations, Representatives of the armed forces should be sent to the county level or higher and representatives of the militia should be sent to the commune level or lower. This is very good." The participation of the militia in the revolutionary "three-in-one" combination in the struggle to seize power shows Chairman Mao's greatest concern for and greatest trust in our militia. It is also the greatest encouragement to us. We must never be unworthy of Chairman Mao's concern and trust; we must most resolutely carry out this new, important and glorious political task. We must firmly unite with the proletarian revolutionaries and carry on the fight shoulder to shoulder with them. We should take an active part in the struggle of the proletarian revolutionaries to seize power as well as in the revolutionary "three-in-one" combination, completely overthrow the handful of Party people in authority taking the capitalist road and win complete victory in the great proletarian cultural revolution.
  Our great leader Chairman Mao teaches us: "Our state system of the people's democratic dictatorship is a powerful weapon for safeguarding the fruits of the victory of the people's revolution and for opposing the plots of the foreign and domestic enemies to stage a comeback, and we must firmly grasp this weapon." The great proletarian cultural revolution is an unprecedentedly great revolutionary mass movement, a very sharp and complicated class struggle. Our class enemies both at home and abroad are scheming their hardest to make trouble and sabotage it. To guarantee its victorious advance, it is imperative to strengthen the dictatorship of the proletariat. The militia is an important instrument of that dictatorship; it is a revolutionary armed force of a mass character, a powerful assistant and strong reserve force for the People's Liberation Army. The broad masses of the militia must not only take an active part in the great proletarian cultural revolution, but must vigilantly and heroically safeguard it. The militia should, together with the People's Liberation Army, enthusiastically respond to Chairman Mao's great call to the People's Liberation Army to give active support to the broad masses of the Left, and be ready at all times to smash the counter-revolutionary adverse current stirred up by the handful of Party people in authority who are taking the capitalist road. The militia should work energetically together with the public security organizations in resolutely suppressing the counter-revolutionary activities of landlords, rich peasants, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements and Rightists. The militia should maintain keen vigilance against imperialism, modern revisionism and all reactionaries, conscientiously strengthen preparedness against war and be ready at any lime to operate in co-ordination with the People's Liberation Army in wiping out any enemy daring to invade us.
  Our great supreme commander Chairman Mao calls on us to "take firm hold of the revolution and promote production." The 16-point decision [Decision of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party Concerning the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution] drawn up under the personal direction of Chairman Mao, points out: "The aim of the great proletarian cultural revolution is to revolutionize people's ideology and as a consequence to achieve greater, faster, better and more economical results in all fields of work." We, of the militia, must respond to Chairman Mao's call most enthusiastically, carry out the 16-point decision most energetically and wage a resolute struggle against those scoundrels who try to sabotage our efforts to "take firm hold of the revolution and promote production." We must be path-breakers in revolution and at the same time be models in production. We must play a still greater role as shock forces in production to promote industry and agriculture.
  In order to fulfil these important and glorious tasks, the most fundamental thing is for the militia to make still greater efforts to study and apply Chairman Mao's works creatively. They must arm their minds with Mao Tse-tung's thought, raise their level of consciousness in carrying out the proletarian revolutionary line represented by Chairman Mao and follow Chairman Mao's teachings in dealing with the various complicated problems that arise in the course of the struggle. The militia must use Mao Tse-tung's thought as their weapon in successfully carrying the revolution to the depths of their souls, in destroying the concept of self-interest and fostering devotion to the public interest and in strengthening their revolutionary spirit, scientific approach and sense of organization and discipline in order to become real proletarian revolutionaries.

  
  
  

 
 
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