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 Successful Conference of Peking's Poor And Lower-Middle Peasants

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Source: Peking Review, No. 13, March 24, 1967
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


    THE Representative Conference of Peking Poor and Lower-Middle Peasants convened successfully on March 19 in the midst of the triumphs of the great proletarian cultural revolution and when Chairman Mao's great strategic principle of "taking firm hold of the revolution and promoting production" has won one mighty victory alter another. More than 2,500 poor and lower-middle peasant representatives from 13 suburban counties and districts of the capital were gathered in the magnificent Great Hall of the People to work out plans for the cultural revolution and agricultural production. This is a conference of the great alliance and unity of the poor and lower-middle peasants of Peking's suburbs, a conference to mobilize all forces for a great victory in spring farming around the capital. The convening of this conference is a great victory for Mao Tse-tung's thought and a new victory for the proletarian revolutionary line represented by Chairman Mao.
  Comrade Chou En-lai, Member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party and Premier of the State Council, greeted the conference and gave it important instructions on behalf of the great leader Chairman Mao and his close comrade-in-arms Comrade Lin Piao, the Party's Central Committee, the State Council, the Military Commission of the Party's Central Committee, and the Cultural Revolution Group Under the Party's Central Committee.
  Comrade Chen Po-ta, Member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party and Leader of the Cultural Revolution Group Under the Party's Central Committee; Comrade Kang Sheng, Member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Party's Central Committee and Advisor to the Cultural Revolution Group Under the Party's Central Committee; Comrade Hsieh Fu-chih, Alternate Member of the Political Bureau of the Party's Central Committee and Vice-Premier of the State Council; Comrade Chiang Ching, First Deputy Loader of the Cultural Revolution Group Under the Party's Central Committee, and others also greeted the conference. The conference was also addressed by Comrade Chen Po-ta.
  In his speech, Premier Chou En-lai said: We congratulate you, representatives of the poor and lower-middle peasants and of commune members from the various suburban counties of Peking who are meeting here today. You have successfully elected representatives to the organ of power of the Peking municipality. In answer to the call of Chairman Mao and of the Party's Central Committee, you are mobilizing all forces to do the spring farm work well. We believe your conference will become the biggest mobilization meeting. We believe that agricultural production will be still more successful this year. We are confident that you will not only have a good spring farming season, but a good summer harvest and a good autumn harvest as well. Premier Chou then pointed out: Politics commands everything. We must first of all rely on the poor and lower-middle peasant activists and really take firm hold of the revolution and promote production. In the busy spring farming season, power at the production team and production brigade level should not be seized even in cases where power needs to be seized. Spring farm work should be done well- Those cadres who were removed from office during the "four clean-ups'' movement (socialist education movement to clean things up in the fields of politics, ideology, organization and economy. — Ed.) must not be allowed to stage a come-back and launch a counter-attack in revenge. Landlords, rich peasants, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements and Rightists should be put under your supervision and should not be allowed to be unruly in word or deed or to sow discord among the revolutionary masses or create factional disputes. The Peking Garrison Command has sent many people to help with the spring farm work. They are not only fine sons of the people, but belong to the great army which is led personally by Vice-Chairman Lin Piao and holds high the red banner of Mao Tse-tung's thought. They have been most successful in the creative study and application of Chairman Mao's writings. We trust that with their help, you will be more successful in your study of Chairman Mao's works and the quotations from his writings. Armed with Mao Tse-tung's thought, you will have inexhaustible strength.
  Comrade Chen Po-ta said: The holding of this representative conference of Peking's poor and lower-middle peasants is a great event in the course of the great proletarian cultural revolution, a great event which shows that, responding to the call of Chairman Mao and the Party's Central Committee, the poor and lower-middle peasants throughout the country are bringing about a great alliance and are taking firm hold of the revolution and promoting production. He said: Chairman Mao has always told us that agriculture is the foundation of the socialist national economy in our country. Chairman Mao has always given the fullest and most complete estimate of the great role played by the peasants in the different stages of the revolution and of their great role in the building of the revolutionary base areas and in socialist construction. The fads bear this out. It should be especially pointed out that the poor and lower-middle peasants, uniting with the middle peasants and other working masses in the rural areas, have made great contributions to the socialist revolution and socialist construction in our country. It is hoped that after Chairman Mao's call to all of you to carry out the socialist education movement, you will make even greater contributions to the great proletarian cultural revolution. Your contributions will be a great support to your working brothers, the working class. Your contributions are essential for the vigorous developments on the front of socialist industry in our country. This also means that your contributions will create still better conditions for the working class to supply you with more agricultural machines, and greater amounts of chemical fertilizers, insecticides and various other industrial products needed in the countryside.
  Comrade Chen Po-ta expressed the hope that the representatives of the poor and lower-middle peasants at the conference would resolutely carry out the policy of "taking firm hold of the revolution and promoting production" put forward by Chairman Mao, smash the plots of the landlords, rich peasants, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements and Rightists in their vain attempt to stage a capitalist come-back, and protect the great fruits of the "four clean-ups" movement. The representatives of the poor and lower-middle peasants should, he said, respond to the great call of Chairman Mao, work out plans through discussions among all those concerned and in a practical way and launch a new upsurge in spring ploughing and production on the outskirts of Peking where our great leader Chairman Mao lives. He added that revolutionary cadres at all levels in the rural people's communes should respond to the call of Chairman Mao and the Party's Central Committee, defy hardships, be fine sons and daughters of the people, do a good job of helping the poor and lower-middle peasants and uniting with the middle peasants and fulfil the production plans of the socialist collectives. He said that cadres at all levels should co-operate well with the People's Liberation Army and struggle to win a twin victory in the great cultural revolution and the spring ploughing and production.
  Since publication of the Draft Directive of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party on the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in the Rural Areas, the broad mass of poor and lower-middle peasants and revolutionary cadres in Peking's rural suburbs, holding high the great red banner of Mao Tse-tung’s thought, have firmly adhered to the proletarian revolutionary line represented by Chairman Mao, rebelled in a big way against the handful of persons in the Party who are in authority and taking the capitalist road and those landlords, rich peasants, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements and Rightists who cling to their reactionary stand; thoroughly criticized and repudiated the bourgeois reactionary line and hailed the counter-revolutionary evil wind of economism; vigorously destroyed the "four olds" [old ideas, culture, customs and habits] of the exploiting classes and established in a big way the "four news" of the proletariat; and have put their soaring enthusiasm inspired by the great cultural revolution into production, to create a lively scene of spring activity on the farms. Publication of the Letter From the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party to Poor and Lower-Middle Peasants and Cadres at All Levels in Rural People's Communes All Over the Country [see Peking Review, No. 9] has pointed out still more explicitly to the broad mass of poor and lower-middle peasants and cadres at all levels in Peking's rural suburbs the correct way to go in "taking firm hold of the revolution and promoting production." Thus armed with clearer sight and, with big support from the People's Liberation Army, in all the counties (districts), communes and production brigades they have rapidly set up Front-line command posts to take firm hold of the revolution and promote production. Exercising proletarian authority and mobilizing all positive factors, these posts are bringing about an upsurge in spring farm work. With boundless love for the great leader Chairman Mao and in an enthusiastic, militant mood, they held this grand rally to celebrate the brilliant victory of the great proletarian cultural revolution in Peking's rural suburbs.
  The meeting adopted "The Resolution of the Representative Conference of Peking Poor and Lower-Middle Peasants," which declared: We will hold high the great red banner of Mao Tse-tung's thought and carry the great proletarian cultural revolution through to the end. We poor and lower-middle peasants know full well that the socialist road is the only bright, broad road for us. Our one thought is to follow this road to the end, dig out the very roots of revisionism, block the path of capitalist restoration and ensure that our socialist land will never change colour.
  To do the spring farm work well, it declared, will be an important step in carrying out the policy of "taking firm hold of the revolution and promoting production." Great attention must be paid to doing the spring farm work well.
  The Resolution expressed the determination to learn from the people of Tachai, take the Tachai road and build new rural areas of the Tachai type.
  The Resolution finally stated that poor and lower-middle peasants should creatively study and apply Chairman Mao's works and put Mao Tse-tung's thought in command over everything. Poor and lower-middle peasants and cadres of all levels should take as maxims the "three constantly read articles" [Serve the People. In Memory of Norman Bethune and The Foolish Old Man Who Removed the Mountains], destroy the concept of "self-interest" and promote devotion to the public interest in a big way, and revolutionize their ideology well. Through the cultural revolution we will turn the countryside into a great school of Mao Tse-tung's thought, it declared.
  Representatives of the poor and lower-middle peasants of the suburban counties and districts of Peking spoke at the conference. They declared that following Chairman Mao's teachings most earnestly, in this great cultural revolution, the poor and lower-middle peasants were determined to stand firm on the side of the proletarian revolutionary line represented by Chairman Mao, to direct the spearhead of their attack unerringly against the handful of persons in the Party who were in authority and taking the capitalist road as well as those landlords, rich peasants, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements and Rightists who clung to the reactionary stand, and thoroughly smash the latest counter-attack of the bourgeois reactionary line. While grasping revolution well, they would vigorously promote production and get the spring farm work off to a good start The poor and lower-middle peasants must become the main force in taking firm hold of the revolution and promoting production. They must diligently study Chairman Mao's works, struggle hard against self-interest in the very depth of their souls, completely sweep away self-interest, vigorously promote devotion to the public interest, always remember the public interest, and effectively carry out the revolutionization of their thinking.
  Speakers at the conference also included representatives of the Peking Garrison Command of the People's Liberation Army, of the Congress of Red Guards of Universities and Colleges in Peking, and of middle schools. They all pledged to fight resolutely and win victories together with the mass of poor and lower-middle peasants, and carry the great proletarian cultural revolution through to the end.
  A letter saluting Chairman Mao was adopted amid stormy applause. It says: Most, most respected and beloved Chairman Mao, we poor and lower-middle peasants are dauntless people who can neither be suppressed nor beaten down. We have only one aim in mind, to be for ever loyal to you and your brilliant thought and follow you always in forging ahead valiantly through storm and stress! We will not be struck down by sugar-coated bullets; we will not be deceived by sweet words or succumb to plots and intrigues. Be assured that we are determined to raise the great red banner of your brilliant thought over every inch of land of the rural people's communes in Peking and build these people's communes to create a new countryside that will shine for ever with the brilliance of your thought.
  The conference unanimously adopted the slate of members of its standing committee, and of representatives who will attend the Peking Municipal Revolutionary Committee.
  
  
  

 
 
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