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 Great Strategic Concept

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In commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the publication of Comrade Mao Tse-tung's brilliant thesis that imperialism and all reactionaries are paper tigers

Source: Peking Review, No. 36
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


COMRADE MAO TSE-TUNG put forward the brilliant thesis that imperialism and all reactionaries are paper tigers when he received the American correspondent Anna Louise Strong in Yenan 20 years ago. This great strategic concept has immensely boosted the peoples morale and shattered the arrogance of imperialism and all reactionaries.
   In the past 20 years, this brilliant thought of Comrade Mao Tse-tung has not only illuminated the course of the Chinese revolution and ensured the great victory of the Chinese people's revolutionary war, but it has become well known to and been grasped by the masses of revolutionary people of the world as their mighty ideological weapon to defeat imperialism, headed by the United States, and its stooges.
   Whether one fears imperialism and the reactionaries or not is essentially a question of whether one wants and dares to make revolution or not. Revolution is incompatible with fear. Fearlessness in the face of imperialism and reaction, daring to struggle and daring to win victory — these are the primary mental conditions for making revolution.
   Strange as it may seem, it so happens in the world that it is always "the weak" which defeats "the strong" and it is always the oppressed nations and oppressed people which triumph over imperialism and the reactionaries. This is precisely the law of historical development, the law of class struggle. However, when the oppressed nations and oppressed people who have no arms begin to wage the struggle, they are invariably, and sometimes incomparably, weaker than imperialism and reaction in the relationship of forces. In such circumstances, to fight against imperialism requires enormous courage, invincible determination and such revolutionary and rebellious spirit as is characterized by the saying, "he who is not afraid of death by a thousand cuts dares to unhorse the emperor." One who fears that there might be wolves ahead and tigers behind and that a falling leaf might crush him to death is fit only to be a slave. For him, there can be no talk of revolution, much less of victory.
   U.S. imperialism which is about to meet its end is the biggest reactionary force in human history.
Brandishing the atom bomb over the last 20 years, it has made frenzied counter-attacks against the people's revolutionary forces in various countries. In the face of nuclear war blackmail by U.S. imperialism, some people are apt to be misled by appearances for a time, because they fail to grasp the essential fact that the enemy is nearing extinction while the people are approaching victory. They still have a certain feeling of awe of U.S. imperialism. Actually, U.S. imperialism is nothing to be feared, nor should it be. The more you fear it, the more ferocious it becomes. If you stop fearing it, it is not terrible any more. The truth of the matter is that the more you are afraid of ghosts, the more they haunt you and once you stop fearing them, they cease to exist.
   The Chinese people, who are not afraid of U.S. imperialism or the atom bomb, wiped out, with millet plus rifles, the 8 million reactionary Kuomintang troops which had the all-out support of U.S. imperialism and possessed planes plus tanks, and the Chinese people finally won nationwide victory. The Korean people together with the Chinese People's Volunteers wiped out nearly 400,000 U.S. aggressor troops in three years and a month of the war of resistance to U.S. aggression, and completely exploded the myth of U.S. invincibility. Today, U.S. imperialism has concentrated one-third of its overseas forces in Vietnam. It has used all modern weapons except the atom bomb. It has spent much more money and dropped lots more explosives on Vietnam than it did during its aggressive war in Korea. But the heroic Vietnamese people are not in the least afraid of all this. Daring to fight and daring to take on the enemy, they have pommelled and trounced U.S. imperialism, thereby eloquently proving that it is nothing more than a paper tiger.
   As Comrade Mao Tse-tung said: There is nothing to fear about bigness. Isn't U.S. imperialism very big? It turned out to be nothing when we rebuffed it once. So, there are actually some big things in the world that are not to be feared.
   To be or not to be afraid — the determining factor is whether one believes in the masses of the people as creators of history. Imperialism looks powerful but is actually weak because it is cut off from the people.
Comrade Mao Tse-tung has taught us that strength lies in the people and that the people are the majority. Once the people are awakened, organized and armed, and fight a shooting war against the enemy, then imperialism will no longer be so "powerful" and so arrogant. When the people stand up, the enemy will fall down.
   Of course, this does not mean that one can treat the enemy lightly and carelessly. Comrade Mao Tse-tung always teaches us: Strategically, with regard to the whole, revolutionaries must despise the enemy, treat him as a paper tiger, dare to struggle against him and dare to seize victory; at the same time, tactically, with regard to each part, revolutionaries must take the enemy seriously, treat him as a real tiger, be prudent, and carefully study and perfect the art of struggle, in order to isolate and wipe him out bit by bit. Historical experience has taught us that imperialism can be defeated, but only through a prolonged, arduous and stubborn struggle. It is wrong to entertain any hope of winning victory by chance. It is wrong, too, to lose heart and become pessimistic after suffering some set-backs. It is better for the revolutionary people to anticipate more difficulties and prepare for a longer period of struggle and estimate the various possibilities more comprehensively. This approach will enable the revolutionaries to handle adequately any complicated situation and cope with the maximum resistance and struggle by the enemy. It is the correct policy which leads to victory in revolution.
   To despise the enemy strategically and to take full account of him tactically is a unity of opposites. But the primary, fundamental thing that plays the determining role in the whole situation is daring to struggle and to seize victory. Such revolutionary spirit alone leads to revolutionary action and thence to victory in revolution.
   Ours is an era in which imperialism is heading for total collapse and socialism is advancing to worldwide victory. In such an era, who is more afraid of whom? Who is more powerful? Countless facts have shown us that it is precisely imperialism, the reactionaries of all countries and modern revisionism that are terribly weak and it is precisely they who are afraid of us and definitely not the other way round. The task of the Marxist-Leninists and all revolutionaries is to arm the minds of millions upon millions of people with this great strategic concept that imperialism and all reactionaries are paper tigers and reinforce the revolutionary confidence and determination of the people to enable them to launch revolutionary attacks on a still bigger scale against U.S. imperialism and its lackeys. People of the whole world, unite, defy difficulties, advance wave upon wave, dare to fight and dare to win victory. Then the whole world will belong to the people.

("Renmin Ribao" editorial, August 25.)
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-02-10 14:49 | [楼 主]
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伟大的战略思想——纪念毛泽东同志关于帝国主义和一切反动派都是纸老虎的英明论断发表二十周年

  (1966.08.25) 《人民日报》
   伟大的战略思想
    ——纪念毛泽东同志关于帝国主义和一切反动派都是纸老虎的英
明论断发表二十周年
    二十年前,毛泽东同志在延安接见美国记者安娜·路易斯·斯特
朗的时候,提出了帝国主义和一切反动派都是纸老虎的英明论断。这
个伟大的战略思想,大长了人民的志气,大灭了帝国主义和一切反动
派的威风。
    二十年来,毛泽东同志的这个光辉思想,不仅照亮了中国革命的
进程,保证了中国人民革命战争的伟大胜利,而且为世界上广大革命
人民所熟悉,所掌握,成为他们战胜以美国为首的帝国主义及其走狗
的强大思想武器。
    怕不怕帝国主义和反动派,实质上就是要不要革命、敢不敢革命
的问题。要革命,就不能怕。不怕帝国主义和反动派,敢于斗争,敢
于胜利,是干革命的首要精神条件。
    世界上的事就是这样怪,总是“弱者”战胜“强者”,总是被压
迫民族、被压迫人民战胜帝国主义和反动派。这正是历史发展的规律
,阶级斗争的规律。但是,被压迫民族和被压迫人民手无寸铁,当他
们开始起来斗争的时候,同帝国主义和反动派相比,总是处于弱小的
地位,甚至在力量对比上处于十分悬殊的地位。在这种情况下,要同
帝国主义作斗争,就得有极大的勇气,极大的决心,就得有“舍得一
身剐,敢把皇帝拉下马”这种革命的造反精神。前怕狼,后怕虎,一
片树叶掉下来都怕砸死人,那就只能当奴隶,根本谈不上什么革命,
更无所谓什么胜利。
    美帝国主义是人类历史上将要灭亡的最大的反动势力。二十年来
,它一直挥舞着原子弹,向各国人民革命势力进行疯狂的反扑。在美
帝国主义的核战争讹诈面前,有些人往往在一个时期内被这种现象所
迷惑,看不出敌人快要被消灭,人民快要胜利的实质。他们对美帝国
主义还抱有某种畏惧心理。其实,美帝国主义是不可怕的,也是怕不
得的。你越怕它,它就越凶。你不怕它,它就没有什么了不起了。事
情就是这样的,越怕鬼就越有鬼,不怕鬼就没有鬼了。
    中国人民不怕美帝国主义,不怕原子弹,终于以小米加步枪,消
灭了美帝国主义全力支持下的飞机加坦克的八百万国民党反动军队,
获得了全国胜利。朝鲜人民在三年零一个月的抗美战争中,同中国人
民志愿军一道,消灭了近四十万美国侵略军,完全戳穿了美国不可战
胜的神话。今天,美帝国主义把它海外兵力的三分之一集中在越南。
它使用了除原子弹以外的所有现代化武器。它在越南花的钱,扔的炸
弹,大大超过了侵朝战争。但是,英雄的越南人民,根本不怕这一套
。他们敢打敢拚,把美帝国主义揍得鼻青眼肿,焦头烂额,有力地证
明了美帝国主义是个不折不扣的纸老虎。
    正像毛泽东同志所说的:大,并不可怕。美帝国主义不是很大吗
?我们顶了他一下,也没有啥。所以,世界上有些大的东西,其实并
不可怕。
    一个怕,一个不怕。关键在哪里呢?关键在于相信不相信人民群
众是历史的创造者。帝国主义表面上是强者,实际上是弱者,因为他
们脱离人民。毛泽东同志告诉我们,力量是人民,人民是多数。一旦
人民觉悟起来,组织起来,武装起来,同敌人进行真刀真枪的斗争,
帝国主义就不那么“强大”了,就不那么神气了。人民站起来了,敌
人就会倒下去了。
    当然,这决不是说对敌人可以掉以轻心,可以马马虎虎。毛泽东
同志历来教导我们,革命者既要在战略上、在全体上藐视敌人,把它
看成是纸老虎,敢于同它斗争,敢于夺取胜利;又要在战术上、在策
略上、在每一个局部上重视敌人,把它看成是真老虎,采取谨慎态度
,讲究斗争艺术,以便一步一步地孤立敌人和消灭敌人。历史的经验
告诉我们,帝国主义是可以打败的,但是必须经过持久的、艰苦的、
顽强的斗争。任何侥幸取胜的心理,或者受到一点挫折就灰心失望的
情绪,都是错误的。革命人民宁肯把困难设想得更多一些,时间准备
得更长一些,各种可能性估计得更充分一些,这样才能够恰当地应付
各种复杂的局面,对付敌人最大限度的抵抗和挣扎。这是取得革命胜
利的正确方针。
    战略上藐视敌人,战术上重视敌人,是对立的统一。而首要的根
本的对全局起决定作用的,是敢于斗争,敢于胜利。有了这种革命精
神,才有革命的行动,才有革命的胜利。
    我们的时代是帝国主义走向全面崩溃,社会主义走向全世界胜利
的时代。在这样的时代,谁怕谁更多些?谁比谁更强大些?无数事实
告诉我们,正是帝国主义、各国反动派和现代修正主义十分虚弱,正
是他们害怕我们,而绝不是相反。马克思列宁主义者和革命者的任务
是,用帝国主义和一切反动派都是纸老虎这个伟大的战略思想,把千
千万万的人民的头脑武装起来,提高他们的革命信心和决心,在更大
范围内向美帝国主义及其走狗发动革命的进攻。全世界人民团结起来
,不怕困难,前赴后继,敢于斗争,敢于胜利,那末,全世界就一定
是人民的!
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-02-11 02:15 | 1 楼
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