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 Put Mao Tse-tung's Thought in the Forefront, Cadres Give the Lead At Every Level

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本帖被 wengeadmin 从 文革文献 移动到本区(2009-02-16)
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Peking Review, No. 25, June 17. 1966
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org

        Following is a translation of an editorial published by “Hongqi" (Red Flag), theoretical journal of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, in its No. 8 issue, 1966. —Ed.

        The experience of China's revolutionary struggles in the past decades may be summarized in thousands of points, but in the final analysis, they boil down to one single point: Chairman Mao's works are the supreme guide for work in all fields; Mao Tse-tung's thought is the fundamental guarantee of victory for all work. When Mao Tse-tung's thought is placed in the forefront, our cause advances irresistibly and triumphantly. This was the case during the period of the new-democratic revolution; it is also the case during the period of the socialist revolution. This is true of the socialist revolution on the economic and political fronts; it is also true of the socialist revolution on the ideological and cultural fronts.
  A great movement for the creative study and application of Chairman Mao's works has unfolded in the past few years among the masses of the workers, peasants, soldiers and revolutionary cadres. Mao Tse-tung's thought has penetrated deeper and deeper into the hearts and minds of the people and is being mastered by more and more people. For this reason, the socialist revolution has developed in greater scope and depth and socialist construction has advanced in ever bigger strides, with one miracle after another being created in every field of work.
  Comrade Lin Piao has issued the call: "Study Chairman Mao's works, follow his teachings, act in accordance with his instructions and be a good soldier of Chairman Mao," and he has initiated a movement in the People's Liberation Army for the creative study and application of Chairman Mao's works. This is a great, new development. Comrade Lin Piao's instruction —"Study Chairman Mao's works with certain problems in mind, study and apply them in a creative way, combine study with application, and study first what is needed most so as to gain prompt results" — has become the guide for the whole army in the study of Chairman Mao's works and it has yielded incalculable results. Nurtured by Mao Tse-tung's thought.  large  numbers  of  heroic people such as Lei Feng, Wang Chieh, Ouyang Hai, Mai Hsien-teh and Sun Lo-yi have appeared in the Liberation Army. They are examples for the whole people to emulate. The great success made by the Liberation Army in creatively studying and applying Chairman Mao's works has given a tremendous impetus to our revolutionary cause as a whole. Energetic emulation of the Liberation Army has become a universal call to action for all the people and all endeavours. In this emulation, the fundamental point is to learn from the Liberation Army how they persistently place Mao Tse-tung's thought in the forefront in all work and to learn from Comrade Lin Piao's extremely important instructions on the creative study and application of Chairman Mao's works.
TACHING Oilfield set a shining example and blazed a new trail for socialist industrialization and the revolutionization of China's enterprises at a time when the country was in temporary economic difficulties and confronted by very hard conditions, materially and technically. What the people of Taching relied on was Mao Tse-tung's thought. They said: "The rise of our enterprise has been made possible by relying on Chairman Mao's two theses on philosophy: (On Practice and On Contradiction)" The renowned men and women of Taching have armed themselves with Mao Tse-tung's thought. As the whole nation is emulating Taching. a large number of Taching-style enterprises has emerged, whose mast salient characteristic is that they have placed Mao Tse-tung's thought in the forefront. The workers express it in these words: "When men follow what Chairman Mao says, machines will do what men tell them."
     The Tachai Production Brigade set a magnificent example in China in the building of socialist agriculture; it has blazed a brilliant trail by creating high-yielding farmland and achieving one bumper harvest after another on barren mountains and poor land, without making any request for stale help either in money or in material. What they have relied on is Mao Tse-tung's thought. The renowned men and women of Tachai have armed themselves with Mao Tse-tung's thought. As the whole nation emulates Tachai, a large number of advanced, Tachai-style agricultural units has emerged, whose most salient characteristic is that they have placed Mao Tse-tung's thought in the forefront. The peasants express it in these words: "Mao Tse-tung's thought is the best revolutionary weapon: Armed with this weapon you can fight the mountains and they will change; when you aim it at the land, you can gather bigger crops; when you use it to battle against the water, you can make the water irrigate the land; when you use it in afforestation, the forests will prosper, and when you use it to fight the devious trends and evil blasts of the wind, you can stand your ground and see clearly which way to go."
     The socialist education movement in China's vast countryside and in the cities, launched under the guidance of Mao Tse-tung's thought, is a struggle between the proletarian and bourgeois classes, between the two roads: socialism and capitalism; it is a great socialist revolutionary movement. The basic experience derived from it is also that Mao Tse-tung's thought must be placed in the forefront. Wherever Mao Tse-tung's writings are studied and applied well and penetrate into the hearts and minds of the people, there the movement is deep-rooted and thoroughgoing, the ideological outlook of the people undergoes revolutionary and radical change and a new situation appears in production.
  Similarly in the great proletarian cultural revolution, we must ensure that Mao Tse-tung's thought is placed in the forefront. How are we to see through monsters? How are we to see through representatives of the bourgeoisie who have wormed their way into the Party? We must rely on Mao Tse-tung's thought and we must rely on it, too, to sweep away all monsters and thoroughly defeat those representatives of the bourgeoisie who have wormed their way into the Party.
The watershed dividing Marxism-Leninism from revisionism and revolution from counter-revolution lies between the alternatives of whether one supports or opposes the placing of Mao Tse-tung's thought in the forefront, whether one supports putting Mao Tse-tung's thought in command, supports putting "politics in command," or one advocates money-making in command and the placing of professional work in command.
  The creative study and application of Chairman Mao's works and the placing of Mao Tse-tung's thought in the forefront persistently in all work must rely on strong leadership by the Party committees at all levels, and the cadres giving the lead at all levels. This is a most important guarantee.
     Some cadres busy themselves every day with meetings, giving instructions, telephoning and other daily tasks but do not study Chairman Mao's works well. We must know that we may do a thousand or ten thousand jobs, but if we forget to creatively study and apply Chairman Mao's works, then we forget politics, the class struggle and the dictatorship of the proletariat and become blockheads. This is very dangerous. If we depart from Mao Tse-tung's thought, we will not be able to do anything well and will lose our heads in the storm of the class struggle, not knowing which way to go. If we depart from Mao Tse-tung's thought, we will be corrupted by bourgeois ideology, become its captives and become revisionists. All Party cadres must thoroughly understand this and must regard creative study and application of Chairman Mao’s works as a task of prime importance.
  The masses of workers, peasants and soldiers have achieved very good results in creatively studying and applying Chairman Mao's works. The phenomenon in some places where cadres have not studied as well as the masses, and leading cadres have not studied as well as the ordinary cadres, must be speedily changed. Cadres must give the lead in studying and applying. In studying Chairman Mao's works, cadres must also learn from the workers, peasants and soldiers. Only by doing so can they talk about leading. Before they can become revolutionary leaders, cadres must first give the lead in the creative study and application of Chairman Mao's works.
OUTSTANDING examples of cadres giving the lead in the study of Chairman Mao's works are to be found everywhere. Like the worker, peasant and soldier masses, they creatively study and apply Chairman Mao's works and combine this study with application. They study in the process of class struggle, the struggle for production, and scientific experiment. They give the lead in study, work, physical labour and ideological remoulding. They join the masses in their work, physical labour, study and ideological revolutionization. This is why they have a high proletarian class consciousness, do their work well and are really able to lead the masses well. They all place Mao Tse-tung's thought in the forefront in their work, place it in command of everything, and use it to push everything forward. The Party committees at all levels should take care to sum up and popularize their experience.
  If cadres and the masses study Chairman Mao's works conscientiously, follow Chairman Mao's teachings, and act in accordance with Chairman Mao's instructions, their ideological outlook will be transformed, the relations between cadres and the masses will change, the way they work will change and the situation in production will change.
     With the cadres giving the lead at all levels, the ranks of activists in studying Chairman Mao's works will grow steadily and their level will gradually rise. Thus a still broader and deeper mass movement will be formed for creatively studying and applying Chairman Mao's works, so that Mao Tse-tung's thought takes deep root in the minds of the masses and is really placed in the forefront in all work. This is the fundamental guarantee for carrying the socialist revolution through to the end, consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat and adhering to the correct orientation for socialist construction.
  It is the conclusion and the call of the Party to place Mao Tse-tung's thought in the forefront, and for cadres to give the lead at all levels.
[ 此帖被weihong2在2009-02-08 14:37重新编辑 ]
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-02-08 14:15 | [楼 主]
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毛泽东思想领先 干部层层带头

  (1966.06.10) 《人民日报》

    《红旗》一九六六年第八期社论
    总结我国几十年来的革命斗争经验,千条万条,归根到底是一条
:毛主席著作是一切工作的最高指示,毛泽东思想是一切工作胜利的
根本保证。毛泽东思想领先,我们事业的前进就会势如破竹,无往而
不胜。新民主主义革命时期是这样,社会主义革命时期也是这样。经
济战线上的社会主义革命是这样,政治战线上的社会主义革命是这样
,思想文化战线上的社会主义革命也是这样。
    近几年来,在工农兵群众和广大革命干部中,兴起了一个活学活
用毛主席著作的伟大运动。毛泽东思想越来越深入人心,为越来越多
的人所掌握。正因为这样,社会主义革命就展开得更加广泛更加深入
,社会主义建设也就更加阔步前进,各条战线上都不断地出现人间奇
迹。
    林彪同志提出“读毛主席的书,听毛主席的话,照毛主席的指示
办事,做毛主席的好战士”,在人民解放军中开展活学活用毛主席著
作运动,这是一个伟大的创举。林彪同志提出的“带着问题学,活学
活用,学用结合,急用先学,立竿见影”,成为全军学习毛主席著作
的指南,已经收到了无可估量的效果。在毛泽东思想的哺育下,解放
军已经出现了大批英雄人物,例如,雷锋、王杰、欧阳海、麦贤得、
孙乐义,等等。他们成为全国人民学习的榜样。解放军活学活用毛主
席著作的伟大成绩,对于我们整个革命事业起了巨大的推动作用。大
学解放军,已经成为全国人民、各行各业一个普遍的行动口号。大学
解放军,最根本的就是学习他们在一切工作中坚持毛泽东思想领先,
就是学习林彪同志提出的活学活用毛主席著作的一系列极为重要的指
示。
    大庆油田,是在我国正遭遇到暂时经济困难的时候,在各种物质
技术条件都十分困难的情况下,为我国社会主义工业化,为实现企业
革命化,树立了一个光辉的典范,开辟了一条崭新的道路。大庆人靠
的是什么,是毛泽东思想。他们说:“我们是依靠‘两论’(《实践
论》和《矛盾论》)起家的。”举世闻名的大庆人,就是用毛泽东思
想武装起来的人。全国学大庆,出现了一大批大庆式的企业。这些企
业的最大特点,就是毛泽东思想领先。用工人的话来说,就是:“人
听毛主席的话,机器就听人的话。”
    大寨大队,在荒山秃岭、瘦土薄田的自然条件下,没有向国家要
钱要物,就建成了一块块高产农田,连续获得大丰收,为我国建设社
会主义农业树立了一个伟大的典型,开创了一条光辉的道路。他们靠
的是什么,是毛泽东思想。举世闻名的大寨人,就是用毛泽东思想武
装起来的人。全国学大寨,出现了一大批大寨式的农业先进单位。这
些农业先进单位的最大特点,就是毛泽东思想领先。用农民的话来说
,就是:“毛泽东思想是最好的革命武器,有了它就能与山斗,山变
样;与地斗,地增产;与水斗,水浇田;与林斗,林成长;与歪风邪
气斗,就能脚跟硬,方向明。”
    我国广大农村和城市的社会主义教育运动,是在毛泽东思想指导
下开展的,是无产阶级和资产阶级两个阶级的斗争,是社会主义和资
本主义两条道路的斗争,是一场伟大的社会主义革命运动。这一革命
运动的根本经验,也是毛泽东思想领先。哪里对毛主席著作学得好,
用得好,毛泽东思想深入人心,哪里的运动就搞得深,搞得透,人的
精神面貌就会发生革命性的根本变化,生产面貌也就会焕然一新。
    在无产阶级文化大革命中,同样必须坚持毛泽东思想领先。怎样
识破一切牛鬼蛇神?怎样识破钻在党内的资产阶级代表人物?必须依
靠毛泽东思想。横扫一切牛鬼蛇神,彻底打倒这些钻在党内的资产阶
级代表人物,也必须依靠毛泽东思想。
    是拥护毛泽东思想领先,还是反对毛泽东思想领先,是主张毛泽
东思想挂帅、政治挂帅,还是主张钞票挂帅、业务挂帅,这是马克思
列宁主义和修正主义的分水岭,是革命和反革命的分水岭。
    活学活用毛主席著作,在各项工作中坚持毛泽东思想领先,必须
依靠各级党委的坚强领导,必须依靠干部层层带头。这是一条极为重
要的保证。
    有一些干部,天天忙于开会,发指示,打电话,忙于日常事务,
就是不去好好学习毛主席著作。应当懂得,做一千件事,一万件事,
只要忘记活学活用毛主席著作,就是忘记政治,忘记阶级斗争,忘记
无产阶级专政。这就是糊涂人,这是很危险的。离开了毛泽东思想,
一切工作都是做不好的。离开了毛泽东思想,在阶级斗争的大风大浪
中,就会晕头转向,不知道走到哪里去。离开了毛泽东思想,自己就
会被资产阶级思想所腐蚀,成为资产阶级思想的俘虏,成为修正主义
者。全党干部必须深刻地认识到这一点,把活学活用毛主席著作当作
头等重要的事情。
    工农兵群众活学活用毛主席著作,已经取得很好的成绩。有的地
方,干部不如群众学得好,领导干部不如一般干部学得好,这种现象
必须迅速改变。干部必须带头学,带头用。在学习毛主席著作上,干
部也必须向工农兵请教。只有这样,才能谈得上领导。干部首先要带
头活学活用毛主席著作,才能成为革命的带头人。
    干部带头学习毛主席著作的先进典型,各地都有。他们学习毛主
席著作,也象工农兵群众那样,活学活用,学用结合。在阶级斗争当
中学,在生产斗争当中学,在科学实验当中学。他们带头学习,带头
工作,带头劳动,带头改造思想。他们同群众一起工作,一起劳动,
一起学习,一起搞思想革命化。因此,他们的无产阶级觉悟高,工作
做得好,真正能够领导群众。他们在工作中都是毛泽东思想领先,用
毛泽东思想来统帅一切,推动一切。各级党委应当注意总结和推广他
们的经验。
    干部和群众认真读毛主席的书,听毛主席的话,照毛主席的指示
办事,人的精神面貌就会改观,干部和群众的关系就会改观,工作面
貌就会改观,生产面貌就会改观。
    干部层层带头,逐步扩大和提高学习积极分子的队伍,形成更广
泛更深入的活学活用毛主席著作的群众运动,使毛泽东思想在广大人
民群众的头脑里扎根,在一切工作中真正做到毛泽东思想领先。这是
把社会主义革命进行到底的根本保证,这是巩固无产阶级专政的根本
保证,这是沿着正确方向进行社会主义建设的根本保证。
    毛泽东思想领先,干部层层带头。这就是结论,这就是党的号召。
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-02-09 02:39 | 1 楼
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