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 A Great Revolution That Touches the People to Their Very Souls

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Source: Peking Review, No. 24, June 10, 1966
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


    CHINA today is in a new era of great change after the seizure of political power by the proletariat and is in a new situation in which the socialist revolution becomes deeper every day. It finds itself in the strong current of a great socialist cultural revolution which touches people to their very souls.
  The gradual deepening of the socialist revolution and of the socialist education movement inevitably brings the question of the proletarian cultural revolution to the fore. Whether or not you are genuinely in favour of the socialist revolution or whether you are even against the socialist revolution is bound to manifest itself in your altitude towards the proletarian cultural revolution. This is a question that touches people's souls, in other words, their world outlook, a question of whether the proletarian or the bourgeois world outlook dominates people's minds. It is a struggle between the two antagonistic world outlooks.
     Like two armies facing each other in battle, the two antagonistic world outlooks, that is, the antagonistic world outlooks of the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, are locked in a struggle which invariably results in one vanquishing the other. Either you crush me, or I crush you. Either the East wind prevails over the West wind, or the West wind prevails over the East wind. There is no middle road.
     The Party and Chairman Mao leach us to arm ourselves with the proletarian world outlook to change our subjective world while changing the objective world. But the representatives of the bourgeoisie and the bourgeois "scholars and authorities" insist on dragging us into the quagmire of the bourgeois world outlook and subverting socialism. Confronted by our sworn enemies, we must rally under the great banner of Mao Tse-tung's thought and wage resolute and relentless struggles against the anti-Party and anti-socialist bourgeois representatives and "scholars and authorities." Only by resolute struggle against them and dissipating the evil bourgeois winds can people free themselves from the influence of bourgeois ideology, traditions and force of habit, pass the great test of socialist revolution and march forward in giant strides along the broad road of socialist revolution.
  It is erroneous, contrary to Marxism-Leninism and at variance with dialectics to say that there are no contradictions in socialist society. How can there be no contradictions? There will still be contradictions after 1,000 or 10,000 or even 100 million years. Contradictions will exist in the universe even after the destruction of the earth and the extinction of the sun. All things are in a flux of contradiction, struggle and change. This is the Marxist-Leninist outlook. The essence of Marxism is critical and revolutionary. Its basic spirit is criticism, struggle and revolution. This alone can constantly propel our socialist cause forward. Chairman Mao often quotes the saying, "the tree may prefer calm, but the wind will not subside." to tell us that class struggle is an objective fact and is independent of mans will. The bourgeoisie is daily trying to influence us and corrupt us, The current struggle has been provoked entirely by the representatives of the bourgeoisie. Moreover, they have been preparing and waging it for many years. We cannot avoid it even if we want to. Struggle is life. If you don't struggle against him, he will struggle against you. If you don't hit him, he will hit you. If you don't wipe him out, he will wipe you out. This is a life-and-death class struggle. It is dangerous to lose vigilance in such a struggle.
  Chairman Mao says. ". . . while we recognize that in the general development of history the material determines the mental and social being determines social consciousness, we also — and indeed must—recognize the reaction of mental on material things, of social consciousness on social being and of the superstructure on the economic base."
     Bourgeois ideology is still very powerful and exerts an immense influence in our country. The question of who will win out in the ideological sphere, the proletariat or the bourgeoisie, has not yet been settled.
     We must have a firm grip on ideology and the superstructure, theoretical and academic work, literature and art, etc., so as to consolidate the ideological positions of the proletariat, strengthen the dictatorship of the proletariat and consolidate the economic base of socialism.
  The representatives of the overthrown bourgeoisie are still trying to tighten their grip on ideology and the superstructure, theoretical and academic work, literature and art, etc. On the cultural front, they have worked hard to let emperors and kings, generals and prime ministers, scholars and beauties, foreign idols and dead men dominate the stage and have carried on anti-Party and anti-socialist propaganda with a view to moulding public opinion in preparation for the restoration of capitalism.
     We must never regard our struggle against them as mere polemics on paper which do not affect the general situation. It was a number of revisionist literary men of the Petofi Club who acted as the shock brigade in the Hungarian events. The turbulent wind precedes the mountain storm. This is the prelude to the vain attempt of the revisionists at a counter-revolutionary restoration.
     Therefore, the current sharp class struggle we are engaged in on the ideological and cultural front is a struggle to shatter all schemes for capitalist restoration ideologically and to dig out the ideological roots of revisionism, a struggle to strengthen the dictatorship of the proletariat and defend Mao Tse-tung's thought. This struggle must end in victory, and there is no doubt that it can and will end in victory.
  We should attach great importance to the role of ideology, of proletarian and socialist ideology, of Marxism-Leninism and Man Tse-tung's thought. For us Communists, to attach no importance to the role of ideology would be philistine or mechanical materialism. We must arouse the enthusiasm of the people and broaden their horizon about the future by means of the great thought of Mao Tse-tung and our great just cause, so that they will unswervingly march ahead! The Chinese people must rid themselves of the influence of all the traditions and forces of habit of thousands of years left over by the exploiting classes and the influence of imperialism. Once freed from all these influences, they will generate a mighty force and play a powerful role. We must enhance our communist consciousness and consciously foster communist ideology. We must not be waverers, we must be thoroughgoing revolutionaries. We must always hold high the great red banner of Mao Tse-tung's thought, .sweep away all monsters and carry the great proletarian cultural revolution through to the end.

("Renmin Ribao" editorial, June 2.)
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-02-08 13:47 | [楼 主]
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触及人们灵魂的大革命
《人民日报》编辑部
1966.06.02




今天我国正处在无产阶级取得政权以后伟大变革的新时代,处在社会主义革命日益深入的新形势下,处于触到人们灵魂的社会主义文化大革命的激流之中。

社会主义革命一步一步地深入,社会主义教育运动一步一步地深入,必然会把无产阶级文化革命问题突出出来。你是真赞成社会主义革命,还是假赞成社会主义革命,还是反对社会主义革命,必然要在怎样对待无产阶级文化革命这个问题上表现出来。这是触到人们灵魂的问题,也就是触到人们的世界观的问题,触到人们脑子里是无产阶级世界观还是资产阶级世界观的问题。这是两个敌对的世界观的斗争。

两个敌对的世界观的斗争,即无产阶级和资产阶级的敌对世界观的斗争,正如两军对战,总是一胜一败。不是你吃掉我,就是我吃掉你,不是东风压倒西风,就是西风压倒东风。中间道路是没有的。

党和毛主席教导我们,用无产阶级世界观武装起来,在改造客观世界的同时改造主观世界,而资产阶级代表人物和资产阶级“学者权威”却硬要把我们拉到资产阶级世界观的泥坑里去,挖我们的社会主义墙脚。大敌当前,我们必须在毛泽东思想的伟大旗帜下团结起来,坚决向那些反党反社会主义的资产阶级代表人物、资产阶级“学者权威”展开坚决的毫不留情的斗争。只有坚决同他们斗争,把资产阶级的妖风彻底压倒下去,才能使大家从资产阶级思想意识和传统习惯势力的影响下解放出来,过好社会主义革命这个大关,在社会主义革命的大道上阔步前进。

说社会主义社会没有矛盾,这是错误的,是违反马克思列宁主义的,是不符合辩证法的。那里会没有矛盾呢?一千年,一万年,一亿年以后仍然有矛盾。地球毁灭了,太阳熄灭了,宇宙还会有矛盾。任何事物都是处在矛盾中间,斗争中间,变化中间,这才是马克思列宁主义的看法。马克思主义的本质是批判的,革命的。它的基本点是要批判,要斗争,要革命。这样才能不断推动我们社会主义事业的前进。毛主席经常引用“树欲静而风不止”这句话告诉我们,阶级斗争是客观存在,不以人的意志为转移的。资产阶级天天企图影响我们,腐蚀我们。当前这场斗争,完全是资产阶级代表人物挑起的,而且他们是准备、并进行多年了。我们想避免也避免不了。斗争就是生活。你不斗它,它就斗你。你不打它,它就打你。你不消灭它,它就消灭你。这是你死我活的阶级搏斗,在这样一场搏斗中,丧失警惕是危险的。

毛主席说:“我们承认总的历史发展中是物质的东西决定精神的东西,是社会的存在决定社会的意识;但是同时又承认而且必须承认精神的东西的反作用,社会意识对于社会存在的反作用,上层建筑对于经济基础的反作用。”

资产阶级的意识形态在我国还有很大的力量,很大的影响。在意识形态方面,无产阶级和资产阶级谁战胜谁的问题还没有解决。

我们要抓意识形态,抓上层建筑,搞理论,搞学术,搞文艺等等,巩固无产阶级的思想阵地,巩固无产阶级专政,巩固社会主义的经济基础。

被推翻了的资产阶级代表人物,仍然也还在抓意识形态,抓上层建筑,搞理论,搞学术,搞文艺等等,在文化战线上搞帝王将相,才子佳人,洋人、死人统治舞台,搞反党反社会主义的宣传,为资本主义复辟作舆论准备。

不要认为打笔墨官司,无关大局。匈牙利事件就是裴多菲俱乐部一批修正主义文人扮演了打先锋的角色。山雨欲来风满楼。这是他们妄图进行反革命复辟的前奏。

因此,当前我们在思想文化战线上进行的这一场尖锐的阶级斗争,就是从思想上粉碎资本主义复辟阴谋的斗争,是从思想上挖修正主义根子的斗争,是巩固无产阶级专政的斗争,是捍卫毛泽东思想的斗争。这场斗争只能胜利,一定要胜利,也一定能胜利。

我们应该重视思想的作用,重视无产阶级思想的作用,重视社会主义思想的作用,重视马克思列宁主义思想的作用,重视毛泽东思想的作用。对我们共产党人说来,不重视思想的作用,是庸俗的唯物论,机械的唯物论。我们必须用伟大的毛泽东思想,伟大的正义事业,激发人民的热情,放开眼界看未来,坚定不移向前进!我国人民要摆脱几千年来一切剥削阶级传统和习惯势力的影响,摆脱帝国主义的影响,从这一切影响下解放出来,这就将发生强大的力量,发生强大的作用。我们一定要加强共产主义的自觉性,有意识地发展共产主义思想,要作彻底的革命派,不当动摇派,永远高举毛泽东思想的伟大红旗,横扫一切牛鬼蛇神,把无产阶级文化大革命进行到底。******

  (《人民日报》一九六六年六月二日,社论)


  
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-02-09 02:41 | 1 楼
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